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Mothers of children with autism and were diagnosed with metabolic conditions during pregnancy, particularly gestational and type 2 diabetes, were more likely to have anti-fetal brain autoantibodies in their blood compared to healthy women of children with autism. The presence of these anti-fetal…

Women born in the Caribbean or Africa are two times more likely to be admitted to an intensive care unit at the time of their delivery than Canadian-born women, a new study has found.

2015 was an unprecedented year in the recognition of transgender rights in some high-income countries. However, as a new series of articles reveals, public recognition has yet to translate to a concerted effort to support and improve the health of transgender people across the world.

Research that followed more than 1.6 million Swedish men from adolescence onwards between 1968 and 2005 has shown that those who were overweight as teenagers were more likely to develop heart failure in early middle age. Surprisingly, the increased risk of heart failure was found in men who were…

Both a lack of stimulation in the workplace and a dirty working environment can have a long-term cognitive effect on employees, new research indicates.

Return on investment by California's county public health departments, which focus on prevention, exceeds return on investment in many other areas of medical care, according to a new study. The study estimated that each dollar counties spent on public health programs returned $67-88 dollars of…

China's massive investment to mitigate the ecosystem bust that has come in the wake of the nation's economic boom is paying off. An international group of scientists finds both humans and nature can thrive -- with careful attention

Having a first-degree relative with epilepsy may increase a person's risk of being diagnosed with autism, according to a new study.

Leaky blood vessels in the brain called cerebral microbleeds are associated with an increased risk of physical and cognitive disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a new study.

The first study that shows that overweight in late adolescence in men is a significant risk factor for developing severe liver disease later in life. Contributing to the strength of this research are the large group of men studied (close to 45,000), very long follow-up time (nearly 40 years), and…

Pleasant and unpleasant odors are a part of everyone's life, but how do our reactions to smells change when other odors are present? To answer this question, researchers have combined experimental and modeling approaches to reveal the process through which smell preference is computed in the brain.

A long-running debate among traffic engineers has been resolved by researchers who have discovered that two seemingly very different models of traffic flow in cities actually have similar underlying mathematical structures.

People who are addicted to cocaine are particularly prone to developing habits that render their behavior resistant to change, regardless of the potentially devastating consequences, suggests new researche. The findings may have important implications for the treatment of cocaine addiction as they…

Research has demonstrated for the first time that mental fatigue can have a negative impact on football performance by reducing running, passing, and shooting ability.

Cerebellar ataxia is a condition of the cerebellum that causes an inability to coordinate muscle movements. A new study describes a new genetic mutation as an additional cause of ataxia in humans and mice. The mutation, in the gene CAPN1, affects the function of the enzyme calpain-1 and causes…

When leaders punish subordinates, they often do this out of distrust. They are afraid of losing their position and use punishment as a deterrent. However, their punishments are not very effective, says a social and organizational psychologist.

Consumers know some of the benefits blueberries provide, but they're less aware of the advantages of reverting aging, improving vision and memory, a new study shows. Researchers surveyed more than 2,000 people in 31 states – mostly on the East Coast and in the Midwest – to see what they know about…

The difficult, and sometimes dangerous, job of caregiving in residential facilities for troubled youth becomes notably more fulfilling when agencies de-emphasize behavior control in favor of creating opportunities for children's success.

The junctions between nerve cells responsible for releasing and receiving dopamine in the brain are a surprising mismatch that gives this chemical a strong competitive advantage, report researchers.

A single gene pathway that is vital for Zika and other flaviviruses to spread infection between cells has now been identified by researchers. Further, they showed that shutting down a single gene in this pathway -- in both human and insect cells -- does not negatively affect the cells themselves…

The genome is permanently altered in the uterus of mice that had been exposed to BPA during their fetal development, new research indicates.

Here's another reason why you should hit the gym regularly as you grow older: a new report shows that regular exercise plays a critical role in helping muscles repair themselves as quickly as possible after injury. After only eight weeks of exercise, old mice experienced faster muscle repair and…

When choosing unrelated male partners for cooperative ventures, men value productivity as well as generosity and trustworthiness, new research indicates.

We know that individuals who smoke take major health risks. Now a new research study shows that common treatment for breast cancer works less well in patients who smoke, compared to non-smokers.

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles may help destroy difficult-to-treat triple-negative breast cancer tumors.

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