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Articles

In what is believed to be the largest study of its kind, scientists led a study that examined the proteomes of 169 ovarian cancer patients to identify critical proteins expressed by their tumors.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2vf9

Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use continues to rise, and current data regarding use of e-cigarettes among college students are needed. The study connects e-cigarette use in colleges to high rates of alcohol consumption and other factors such as: gender, race/ethnicity and traditional…
http://dlvr.it/Lh2vSD

Last year, the most extensive clinical face transplant to date was successfully carried out. A complete report on this procedure -- including the extensive organizational and training program created to prepare for it -- has just been published.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2j3s

The targeted therapy everolimus may be safely combined with R-CHOP for new, untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma according to the results of a pilot study. R-CHOP is a combination of drugs used to treat lymphoma. The combination includes rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and…
http://dlvr.it/Lh2j2v

Scientists have figured out a root cause of the lung damage that occurs in up to 10 percent of premature infants who develop necrotizing enterocolitis, a disorder that damages and kills the lining of the intestine.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2j0r

A new twist on the use of renewable energy is saving children's lives in Africa. The innovation -- a solar-powered oxygen delivery system -- is providing concentrated oxygen in hospital for children suffering from severe pneumonia.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2hx1

Researchers have identified immune cells vital for protecting us from potentially deadly C. difficile. Surprisingly, those cells are often vilified for their role in causing asthma and allergies. But when it comes to C. difficile, they could be the difference in life and death.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2htD

Deep, dark and sometimes overwhelming, the human compulsion to seek revenge is a complex emotion that science has found incredibly hard to explain. Despite popular consensus that "revenge is sweet," years of experimental research have suggested otherwise, finding that revenge is seldom as…
http://dlvr.it/Lh2dPN

Teaching parents bedtime techniques to encourage healthy sleep habits in their infants may help prevent obesity, according to researchers. Strong links exist between inadequate sleep and childhood obesity.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2Bjh

With the recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa reviving interest in the first outbreak of the deadly hemorrhagic fever 40 years ago, scientists have published a new report that highlights lessons learned from the smaller, more quickly contained 1976 outbreak.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2Bj6

What's the best way to prepare high schoolers for jobs in the 21st century? Education leaders and the general public have been debating this question with more heat in recent years, clashing over whether to focus on college preparation or vocational training, especially training linked to…
http://dlvr.it/Lh2BhV

In patients admitted to the hospital for asthma, illicit drug use and low socioeconomic status were linked with an increased risk of requiring admission to the intensive care unit. Not adhering to asthma prevention medication further increased this risk.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2Bgf

The persistence of heritable disease raises an evolutionary paradox. When DNA goes awry, and a harmful mutation sprouts up that affects survival, why aren't these simply purged from a population over generations? Authors of a new report have performed the first systematic test of a counteracting…
http://dlvr.it/Lh2Bf8

A new electric mesh device that can be wrapped around the heart to deliver electrical impulses and thereby improve cardiac function in experimental models of heart failure, a major public health concern and leading cause of mortality and disability.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2Bb3

Researchers investigated the proportion of randomized clinical trials registered at ClinicalTrials.gov that were listed at the Clinical Study Data Request website, where companies voluntarily list studies for which data can be requested.
http://dlvr.it/Lh2BSV

A biology professor has published a study that, for the first time, provides strong empirical support for a correlation between a motivation to seek accomplishment and an attraction to leisure.
http://dlvr.it/Lh1bwN

Anti-PD-L1 immunotherapy may achieve a response in patients with microsatellite-stable metastatic colorectal cancer if combined with a MEK inhibitor, according to phase I data.
http://dlvr.it/Lh1bp0

A family of proteins that help cancer cells survive and spread around the body may be associated with improved prognosis for some women receiving treatment for breast cancer, research has shown.
http://dlvr.it/Lh1MBj

Losing weight as an adult is fine if you want to reduce your risk of heart attack. But you don't necessarily reduce the risk of other heart problems if you only start focusing on proper weight and fitness later in life. High BMI when you're young increases the risk of heart failure, say…
http://dlvr.it/Lh1M5Y

Exercise boosts kids' and young people's brain power and academic prowess, experts say, adding that time taken away from lessons for it is time well spent.
http://dlvr.it/Lh1Lqj

Michael's Naturopathic Programs recalls some lots of Cholesterol Metabolism Factors™ due to undeclared milk and soy.
http://dlvr.it/Lh15jm

A crowdsourced collaboration/competition known as DREAM 9 set out three years ago to develop ideas for computational tools that would help treat patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
http://dlvr.it/Lh14mg

When the immune system attacks cancer, the tumor modifies itself to escape the immune reaction, report scientists in a new report.
http://dlvr.it/Lh0lJx

Global patterns of adoption spreading are induced by local adoption cascades initiated by multiple spontaneous adopters arriving at a constant rate, amplified by a large number of adoptions induced by social influence, and controlled by individuals who are immune to the actual adoption. This study…
http://dlvr.it/Lh0W5w

A potentially life-saving new test has been developed that will allow clinicians to predict which burn victims will develop sepsis during their treatment, report investigators.
http://dlvr.it/Lh0W53

Articles

A team of Russian scientists has proposed an efficient approach to novel agents with anticancer activity. A synthesis of these agents is based on compounds extracted from parsley and dill seeds.
http://dlvr.it/LgcCTf

Persistent diarrhea, which is diarrhea that lasts at least 14 days, is an illness typically caused by parasites or bacteria and requires accurate diagnosis in order to determine what treatment to give, according a new report.
http://dlvr.it/LgbtPP

In a surprising about-face, researchers have determined that a protocol providing physical therapy to ICU patients with acute respiratory failure did not shorten hospital length of stay. The study, which is the largest to-date on this topic, reversed the findings from earlier pilot studies.
http://dlvr.it/LgbtP9

Investigators have examined whether 24 months of treatment with the antidepressant escitalopram would improve mortality, illness, and mood in patients with chronic heart failure and depression.
http://dlvr.it/LgbtNh

A new study describes a technology that could lead to new therapeutics for traumatic brain injuries. The discovery provides a means of homing drugs or nanoparticles to injured areas of the brain.
http://dlvr.it/LgbtN6

Two studies in mice reveal new insights into neurons that mediate symptoms typical of the postnatal neurological disorder Rett syndrome.
http://dlvr.it/LgbtL6

A likely cause of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors is deficiency in nonsense-mediated RNA decay, a system cells use to control which genes are activated, report scientists.
http://dlvr.it/LgbtFg

Researchers studying monkeys have shown that one infection with Zika virus protects against future infection, though pregnancy may drastically prolong the time the virus stays in the body.
http://dlvr.it/LgbbRT

The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) and collaborators at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School have completed a promising preclinical study of two Zika vaccine candidates that suggests that an effective human vaccine will be achievable. Findings from the…
http://dlvr.it/LgbLkh

Contrary to the opinions of some courts, it is easier to determine the truthfulness of a woman wearing a headscarf or even a veil that leaves only her eyes exposed than a woman wearing no head covering at all, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
http://dlvr.it/Lgb645

Researchers discover a new way to keep the heart pumping, which could lead to new drugs for heart disease. The research offers the possibility of developing a new, and potentially more effective, class of heart-failure medications.
http://dlvr.it/LgZnpx

An approved anti-HIV drug latches to the enzyme already responsible for about 80 percent of the cholesterol elimination from the human brain, report scientists. Obtained with a cutting-edge atom-substitution technology called hydrogen-deuterium exchange, the molecular roadmap shows how small…
http://dlvr.it/LgZYZ3

Researchers are closer to solving a decade-old mystery after discovering that a set of genes they are studying play a key role in early human development.
http://dlvr.it/LgZYYx

Across the world, many schoolchildren under 10 are overweight. In the search for the cause of this phenomenon, fetal programming was put under scrutiny in new research. That the mother's diet might have some influence could not be confirmed in a long-term study: administering a special diet rich in…
http://dlvr.it/LgZYYm

Dishonesty not only damages relation between human beings, it can also have a devastating effect on the economy. Scientists have now found out that in markets for credence goods -- markets that require a high degree of trust -- there are also strong incentives for dishonest behavior.
http://dlvr.it/LgZYXw

A possible epigenetic link between the environment and pubertal timing has been discovered by researchers. To a large extent, pubertal timing is heritable, but the underlying genetic causes are still unexplained. Researchers have now studied how chemical modifications of the human genome (so-called…
http://dlvr.it/LgZYWD

A new study has identified a gene signature that predicts poor survival from ovarian cancer. The study also identified genes which help the cancer develop resistance to chemotherapy -- offering a new route to help tackle the disease.
http://dlvr.it/LgZYRs

By using an innovative 3-D inkjet printing method, researchers have taken the biggest step yet in producing microscopic silk swimming devices that are biodegradable and harmless to a biological system.
http://dlvr.it/LgZYF3

Policy makers' and public health officials' proper reactions could hold down the total costs to U.S. GDP of an influenza outbreak. Otherwise, costs could be nearly double previous estimates, say experts in a new report.
http://dlvr.it/LgZXxL

A simple preoperative echocardiographic measurement of the amount of torsion -- a twisting motion -- of the heart predicted outcomes of mitral valve surgery in some heart failure patients, according to a novel study.
http://dlvr.it/LgZXpw

Satellite cells are stem cells found in skeletal muscles. While transplantation of such muscle stem cells can be a potent therapy for degenerative muscle diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, these cells tend to lose their transplantation efficiency when cultured in vitro. Researchers…
http://dlvr.it/LgYwbb

Prostate cancer researchers have discovered biomarkers using non-invasive liquid biopsies to identify aggressive disease before surgery.
http://dlvr.it/LgYwZh

Girls who were overweight as children are likely to begin using cigarettes, marijuana or alcohol at an earlier age than their healthy-weight peers, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/LgYwYX

Emergency services workers who are more likely to suffer episodes of mental ill health later in their careers can be spotted in the first week of training. Researchers wanted to see if they could identify risk factors that made people more likely to suffer post-traumatic stress (PTSD) or major…
http://dlvr.it/LgYwVN

Volanesorsen, an experimental lipid-lowering medication, improved insulin sensitivity and glucose control by significantly decreasing patients' overall hemoglobin A1c -- the standard clinical measurement of blood glucose levels for diabetics -- in a new study.
http://dlvr.it/LgYwQ0

Articles

An old drug once mostly used to treat amebiasis -- a disease caused by a parasite -- and induce vomiting in cases of poisoning appears to also halt replication of cytomegalovirus (CMV), a herpesvirus that can cause serious disease in immunocompromised individuals, including those with HIV or organ…
http://dlvr.it/Lg9dsJ

Using so-called next-generation genome sequencing, researchers have identified 84 potential inherited gene mutations that may contribute to the most severe forms of bipolar disorder. About 5.6 million Americans are estimated to have bipolar disorder, say the authors of a new report.
http://dlvr.it/Lg9dbK

The time it takes for ingested food to travel through the human gut – also called transit time – affects the amount of harmful degradation products produced along the way. This means that transit time is a key factor in a healthy digestive system.
http://dlvr.it/Lg9dLt

In testing multiple artificial sweeteners, a research team found that one was particularly deadly for female fruit flies -- and left males relatively untouched. D-mannitol is a sweetener typically used to sweeten gum or add a coating to hard candy or dried fruit for those with diabetes.
http://dlvr.it/Lg9McN

Using virtual tissue technology, researchers have identified a potential new drug target in the fight against polycystic kidney disease, an illness with no effective FDA-approved treatment that affects 200,000 people per year in the United States. The study reveals that errors in how cells stick…
http://dlvr.it/Lg9MZD

Using a language-learning game called 'Crystallize,' created by computer science faculty and students, researchers found that when players are required to work together they learn more words -- and enjoy the game more.
http://dlvr.it/Lg9MPF

Humans have a natural drive to reduce physical effort in nearly every activity, including using language. The ways that effort-reduction affect human language have been the subject of extensive research in the field of linguistics, though the overwhelming focus has been on spoken languages. By…
http://dlvr.it/Lg95Xt

A team researchers has compared the effects of two disease-causing mutations, potentially explaining why patients with the rare genetic disorder keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome can experience different sets of symptoms.
http://dlvr.it/Lg95Wn

Coffee is enjoyed by millions of people every day and the 'coffee experience' has become a staple of our modern life and culture. While the current body of research related to the effects of coffee consumption on human health has been contradictory, a new study found that the potential benefits of…
http://dlvr.it/Lg95Vy

Researchers have uncovered a potential genetic trigger of systemic autoimmune disease. The study discovered virus-like elements within the human genome linked to the development of two autoimmune diseases: lupus and Sjogren's syndrome.
http://dlvr.it/Lg95TX

Researchers are now saying bad gut bacteria -- or an insufficient amount of good bacteria -- may have a direct link to multiple sclerosis.
http://dlvr.it/Lg95R7

A pain medicine that potently activates a receptor vital to a healthy retina appears to help preserve vision in a model of severe retinal degeneration, scientists report.
http://dlvr.it/Lg95JG

New research findings in mice may help explain how viral infection during pregnancy raises the risk of autism and schizophrenia in their offspring. The study may explain, among other things, how the mother's infection with the cytomegalovirus (CMV) during pregnancy, which affects her own and her…
http://dlvr.it/Lg95D7

A new study says laundry pod detergents pose an increased risk of severe injury for young children over nonpod detergents.
http://dlvr.it/Lg8rXn

Rats given midazolam, an anti-anxiety medication, were less likely to free trapped companions because the drug lessened their empathy, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/Lg8rSq

Scientists have identified a protein that launches cancer growth and appears to contribute to higher mortality in breast cancer patients. The new findings suggest that future therapies might target this protein, called GlyRS, to halt cancer growth.
http://dlvr.it/Lg8r8T

A team of investigators has developed a suite of computer algorithms that can accurately predict the behavior of the microbiome -- the vast collection of microbes living on and inside the human body.
http://dlvr.it/Lg8bM4

Teacher burnout and student stress may be linked, according to a new study. The work is the first of its kind to examine the connection between teacher burnout and students' cortisol levels, which are a biological indicator of stress.
http://dlvr.it/Lg8bM2

Researchers have engineered an artificial switch that could let scientists turn individual neurotransmitter receptors on and off. Shedding light on these receptors' role in memory formation could contribute to the development of new drugs for neurological diseases, including Alzheimer's,…
http://dlvr.it/Lg8bM0

A global consortium of researchers banded together to conduct an epidemiological study analyzing specific omega-3 fatty acid biomarkers and heart disease. They found that blood levels of omega-3 fatty acids from seafood and plant-based foods are associated with a lower risk of fatal heart attack.
http://dlvr.it/Lg8bLd

Four new papers mark the feasibility of epigenetic analysis for clinical diagnostics and precision medicine. Epigenetic analysis addresses key limitations of genetic testing, helping to ensure that patients are accurately diagnosed and treated with the right drug at the right time.
http://dlvr.it/Lg8bJn

The largest systematic review of the care of elderly patients hospitalized at the end of their life has found more than one-third received invasive and potentially harmful medical treatments.
http://dlvr.it/Lg8b4f

Researchers have created nanoscale electronic scaffolds that can be seeded with cardiac cells to produce a 'bionic' cardiac patch. Once implanted, the bionic patch could act similarly to a pacemaker -- delivering electrical shocks to correct arrhythmia, but the possibilities don't end there, say…
http://dlvr.it/Lg8KHn

A team of scientists has uncovered the global, evolving, and historic make-up of Plasmodium vivax, one of the five species of malaria that infect humans. The research, which links the spread of the parasite back to colonial seafaring, among other phenomena, underscores the challenges health experts…
http://dlvr.it/Lg8K0P

A high proportion of 12-14 year olds are regularly consuming sports drinks socially, increasing their risk of obesity and tooth erosion, concludes a new survey.
http://dlvr.it/Lg80h9

Articles

Offering insights into a long-standing and mysterious bias in biology, a new study reveals how and why mitochondria are only passed on through a mother's egg -- and not the father's sperm.
http://dlvr.it/LfJWhw

Expression of a single gene can convert cells lining the seminal vesicle in the pelvis into prostate cells, a new study shows.
http://dlvr.it/LfJMrV

New devices called stent retrievers, which effectively reverse strokes, are revolutionizing the treatment of certain stroke patients, report investigators.
http://dlvr.it/Lf5jlm

Although the estrogen receptor is considered dominant in breast cancer, the progesterone receptor assumes control when both receptors are present and exposed to estrogens and progestins. Then, the progesterone receptor drives estrogen receptor activity. Treating tumor-bearing mice with an estrogen…
http://dlvr.it/Lf5jcB

Findings of a new study could open up possibilities for more targeted therapies for bile duct cancer. A research team discovered that bile duct tissue harboured a community of diverse bacteria species. Stenotrophomonas species -- previously implicated in bile duct infections -- were found to be…
http://dlvr.it/Lf5jPR

Doctors and other healthcare professionals may not be fully aware of a CT scan's effect on lifetime malignancy risk. A new study surveyed doctors, radiologists, and imaging technologists regarding their beliefs about radiation exposure from CT. The survey found that while most respondents…
http://dlvr.it/Lf5Mhs

When it comes to helping patients make the best choices for themselves, sometimes you have to challenge their usual way of dealing with the world, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/Lf5KDw

Marijuana often is used to self treat chronic pain and, with 24 states legalizing medical use of the herb, experts have published guidance for physicians caring for patients who use cannabis. The paper also identified opportunities for future research required to better understand the health…
http://dlvr.it/Lf5KDp

Researchers have improved the integration of disparate sources and types of data which will advance scientists' understanding of disease using Wikipathways. This study will help other scientists better utilize open data and will aid the discovery of new therapeutic targets for disease.
http://dlvr.it/Lf5Jyx

Rabies virus (RABV) transmitted by dogs is responsible for an estimated 60,000 human deaths per year, especially in Asia and Africa. A study now reports that six commercially available rapid rabies tests -- which could make testing dogs much easier -- fail to yield accurate results.
http://dlvr.it/Lf54Db

Parents, and especially fathers, play a vital role in developing healthy behaviors in young adults and helping to prevent obesity in their children. When it came to predicting whether a young male will become overweight or obese, the mother-son relationship mattered far less than the relationship…
http://dlvr.it/Lf4VLS

Proteins that activate DNA binding sites appear to have no problems with crowded conditions, according to scientists.
http://dlvr.it/Lf4VD3

A researcher has developed an adjustable tables where the front portion can be tilted for easy reading and writing in order to minimize the ergonomic health risks among school children.
http://dlvr.it/Lf4F7r

Certain viruses, such as influenza, could survive on children's toys long enough to result in exposures, placing children at risk for getting infectious diseases, according to researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Lf3pw2

Brazil's microcephaly epidemic continues to pose a mystery -- if Zika is the culprit, why are there no similar epidemics in other countries also hit hard by the virus? In Brazil, the microcephaly rate soared with more than 1,500 confirmed cases. But in Colombia, a recent study of nearly 12,000…
http://dlvr.it/Lf3Lcv

When travelers return from a journey, they usually hope to bring back some souvenirs, photos and maybe a slightly different perspective on the world. But, they may be bringing something more harmful back with them as well. Not only did tourists bring back genes that rendered their gut bacteria…
http://dlvr.it/Lf2xMS

For young people entering adulthood, high-quality relationships are associated with better physical and mental health, according to the results of a new study.
http://dlvr.it/Lf2TxY

People who visit their primary care physicians are more likely to get potentially life-saving colon cancer screenings and follow up on abnormal stool blood test results -- even in health systems that heavily promote mail-in home stool blood tests that don't require a doctor visit, a study shows.
http://dlvr.it/Lf2Tqm

Bacteria that have the potential to abet breast cancer are present in the breasts of cancer patients, while beneficial bacteria are more abundant in healthy breasts, where they may actually be protecting women from cancer, according a study. These findings may lead ultimately to the use of…
http://dlvr.it/Lf2Tjm

A team of researchers has developed the first scalable method to identify different subtypes of neurons in the human brain. The research lays the groundwork for 'mapping' the gene activity in the human brain and could help provide a better understanding of brain functions and disorders, including…
http://dlvr.it/Lf2GTd

Collaboration has enabled the development of a powerful and cost-effective approach to C-N coupling reactions, one of the most heavily used transformations in modern drug development.
http://dlvr.it/Lf298P

Researchers have uncovered how changes in metabolism of human embryonic stem cells help coax them to mature into specific cell types -- and may improve their function in engineered organs or tissues, report researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Lf28tk

The World Health Organization (WHO) violated sound standards of medical care and human rights by nudging poorer countries to follow less expensive, untested and largely ineffective treatment protocols for tuberculosis patients, a new paper argues.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1Wwp

For the first time in human application, researchers successfully closed an open wound on the upper chest caused by postoperative complications of lung removal. The protocol and approach were based on an ongoing trial investigating this method to treat anal fistulas in Crohn's disease.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1Jdw

Researchers have long struggled to explain why some violent crime rates are higher near the equator than other parts of the world. Now, a team of researchers has developed a model that could help explain why.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1JYS

Articles

Offering insights into a long-standing and mysterious bias in biology, a new study reveals how and why mitochondria are only passed on through a mother's egg -- and not the father's sperm.
http://dlvr.it/LfJWhw

Expression of a single gene can convert cells lining the seminal vesicle in the pelvis into prostate cells, a new study shows.
http://dlvr.it/LfJMrV

New devices called stent retrievers, which effectively reverse strokes, are revolutionizing the treatment of certain stroke patients, report investigators.
http://dlvr.it/Lf5jlm

Although the estrogen receptor is considered dominant in breast cancer, the progesterone receptor assumes control when both receptors are present and exposed to estrogens and progestins. Then, the progesterone receptor drives estrogen receptor activity. Treating tumor-bearing mice with an estrogen…
http://dlvr.it/Lf5jcB

Findings of a new study could open up possibilities for more targeted therapies for bile duct cancer. A research team discovered that bile duct tissue harboured a community of diverse bacteria species. Stenotrophomonas species -- previously implicated in bile duct infections -- were found to be…
http://dlvr.it/Lf5jPR

Doctors and other healthcare professionals may not be fully aware of a CT scan's effect on lifetime malignancy risk. A new study surveyed doctors, radiologists, and imaging technologists regarding their beliefs about radiation exposure from CT. The survey found that while most respondents…
http://dlvr.it/Lf5Mhs

When it comes to helping patients make the best choices for themselves, sometimes you have to challenge their usual way of dealing with the world, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/Lf5KDw

Marijuana often is used to self treat chronic pain and, with 24 states legalizing medical use of the herb, experts have published guidance for physicians caring for patients who use cannabis. The paper also identified opportunities for future research required to better understand the health…
http://dlvr.it/Lf5KDp

Researchers have improved the integration of disparate sources and types of data which will advance scientists' understanding of disease using Wikipathways. This study will help other scientists better utilize open data and will aid the discovery of new therapeutic targets for disease.
http://dlvr.it/Lf5Jyx

Rabies virus (RABV) transmitted by dogs is responsible for an estimated 60,000 human deaths per year, especially in Asia and Africa. A study now reports that six commercially available rapid rabies tests -- which could make testing dogs much easier -- fail to yield accurate results.
http://dlvr.it/Lf54Db

Parents, and especially fathers, play a vital role in developing healthy behaviors in young adults and helping to prevent obesity in their children. When it came to predicting whether a young male will become overweight or obese, the mother-son relationship mattered far less than the relationship…
http://dlvr.it/Lf4VLS

Proteins that activate DNA binding sites appear to have no problems with crowded conditions, according to scientists.
http://dlvr.it/Lf4VD3

A researcher has developed an adjustable tables where the front portion can be tilted for easy reading and writing in order to minimize the ergonomic health risks among school children.
http://dlvr.it/Lf4F7r

Certain viruses, such as influenza, could survive on children's toys long enough to result in exposures, placing children at risk for getting infectious diseases, according to researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Lf3pw2

Brazil's microcephaly epidemic continues to pose a mystery -- if Zika is the culprit, why are there no similar epidemics in other countries also hit hard by the virus? In Brazil, the microcephaly rate soared with more than 1,500 confirmed cases. But in Colombia, a recent study of nearly 12,000…
http://dlvr.it/Lf3Lcv

When travelers return from a journey, they usually hope to bring back some souvenirs, photos and maybe a slightly different perspective on the world. But, they may be bringing something more harmful back with them as well. Not only did tourists bring back genes that rendered their gut bacteria…
http://dlvr.it/Lf2xMS

For young people entering adulthood, high-quality relationships are associated with better physical and mental health, according to the results of a new study.
http://dlvr.it/Lf2TxY

People who visit their primary care physicians are more likely to get potentially life-saving colon cancer screenings and follow up on abnormal stool blood test results -- even in health systems that heavily promote mail-in home stool blood tests that don't require a doctor visit, a study shows.
http://dlvr.it/Lf2Tqm

Bacteria that have the potential to abet breast cancer are present in the breasts of cancer patients, while beneficial bacteria are more abundant in healthy breasts, where they may actually be protecting women from cancer, according a study. These findings may lead ultimately to the use of…
http://dlvr.it/Lf2Tjm

A team of researchers has developed the first scalable method to identify different subtypes of neurons in the human brain. The research lays the groundwork for 'mapping' the gene activity in the human brain and could help provide a better understanding of brain functions and disorders, including…
http://dlvr.it/Lf2GTd

Collaboration has enabled the development of a powerful and cost-effective approach to C-N coupling reactions, one of the most heavily used transformations in modern drug development.
http://dlvr.it/Lf298P

Researchers have uncovered how changes in metabolism of human embryonic stem cells help coax them to mature into specific cell types -- and may improve their function in engineered organs or tissues, report researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Lf28tk

The World Health Organization (WHO) violated sound standards of medical care and human rights by nudging poorer countries to follow less expensive, untested and largely ineffective treatment protocols for tuberculosis patients, a new paper argues.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1Wwp

For the first time in human application, researchers successfully closed an open wound on the upper chest caused by postoperative complications of lung removal. The protocol and approach were based on an ongoing trial investigating this method to treat anal fistulas in Crohn's disease.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1Jdw

Researchers have long struggled to explain why some violent crime rates are higher near the equator than other parts of the world. Now, a team of researchers has developed a model that could help explain why.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1JYS

Articles

For young people entering adulthood, high-quality relationships are associated with better physical and mental health, according to the results of a new study.
http://dlvr.it/Lf2TxY

People who visit their primary care physicians are more likely to get potentially life-saving colon cancer screenings and follow up on abnormal stool blood test results -- even in health systems that heavily promote mail-in home stool blood tests that don't require a doctor visit, a study shows.
http://dlvr.it/Lf2Tqm

Bacteria that have the potential to abet breast cancer are present in the breasts of cancer patients, while beneficial bacteria are more abundant in healthy breasts, where they may actually be protecting women from cancer, according a study. These findings may lead ultimately to the use of…
http://dlvr.it/Lf2Tjm

A team of researchers has developed the first scalable method to identify different subtypes of neurons in the human brain. The research lays the groundwork for 'mapping' the gene activity in the human brain and could help provide a better understanding of brain functions and disorders, including…
http://dlvr.it/Lf2GTd

Collaboration has enabled the development of a powerful and cost-effective approach to C-N coupling reactions, one of the most heavily used transformations in modern drug development.
http://dlvr.it/Lf298P

Researchers have uncovered how changes in metabolism of human embryonic stem cells help coax them to mature into specific cell types -- and may improve their function in engineered organs or tissues, report researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Lf28tk

The World Health Organization (WHO) violated sound standards of medical care and human rights by nudging poorer countries to follow less expensive, untested and largely ineffective treatment protocols for tuberculosis patients, a new paper argues.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1Wwp

For the first time in human application, researchers successfully closed an open wound on the upper chest caused by postoperative complications of lung removal. The protocol and approach were based on an ongoing trial investigating this method to treat anal fistulas in Crohn's disease.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1Jdw

Researchers have long struggled to explain why some violent crime rates are higher near the equator than other parts of the world. Now, a team of researchers has developed a model that could help explain why.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1JYS

Witnesses correct each other's errors. Two recently published research studies show that witnesses make fewer errors when they are interviewed together than when they are interviewed separately. This stands in sharp contrast with current police guidelines to always interview witnesses separately.
http://dlvr.it/Lf1JRf

Scientists have discovered why acute leukemias with the same genetic abnormality vary in their aggressiveness based on their cellular origin. They found that the cancer inducing alteration is particularly devastating if it occurs in early hematopoietic stem cells expressing certain genes involved…
http://dlvr.it/Lf11K4

Policies placing first-year college students assessed as needing remedial math directly into college-level quantitative courses, with additional support, can increase student success, according to a first-of-its-kind study.
http://dlvr.it/Lf0lFr

One of the main functions of the kidneys is to filter metabolic products out of the blood. If the kidneys are no longer able to do this, the blood has to be artificially purified and drained of excess fluid. This is the purpose of dialysis. Now researchers are seeking new, better therapeutic…
http://dlvr.it/Lf0lFl

An international research team has revealed extensive genetic variation in patients with schizophrenia. Significantly more copy number variations (CNVs) of genomic DNA were detected in patients than in controls. Patients also showed different disease severity, which appears associated with the…
http://dlvr.it/Lf0lFg

Case reports on 13 cancer patients suggest that a small number of cancer patients taking the immunotherapy drugs ipilimumab and nivolumab may be at some higher-than-normal risk of developing autoimmune joint and tissue diseases, including inflammatory arthritis, according to a preliminary study.
http://dlvr.it/Lf0lFL

A genetically lowered birthweight increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, new research shows. Since low birthweight represents restricted intrauterine growth (fetal growth), it cannot be ruled out that it is in fact the risk factors for this restricted growth that are causing the low…
http://dlvr.it/Lf0lDH

Exercise and fasting do not change the location of a key enzyme involved in energy production, a study has found.
http://dlvr.it/Lf0l9R

Toxic arsenic initially accumulates in the nuclei of plants' cells. This has been revealed by an X-ray examination of the aquatic plant rigid hornwort (Ceratophyllum demersum) using DESY's X-ray source PETRA III. Even at comparatively low concentrations, the arsenic also floods the vacuole, a…
http://dlvr.it/Lf0l5t

Scientists have detected an important mechanism in the evolution of plant genomes: using Arabidopsis thaliana as a model organism, they studied the formation of tandem repeat DNA sequences and found out that these sequences form if both DNA strands are broken at a significant distance from each…
http://dlvr.it/Lf0W00

Doctors and scientists in one case printed and used a 3-D kidney to help save a patient's organ during a complicated tumor-removal procedural.
http://dlvr.it/Lf0Vsq

What used to take several weeks is now possible in two days: thanks to new molecular-based methods, mycobacterial pathogens that cause pulmonary infections or tuberculosis can now be detected much more quickly. Time-consuming bacteria cultures no longer need to be taken from the patient samples,…
http://dlvr.it/Lf0Css

A new report calls for increased support of 'convergence research,' which integrates physical and life sciences for revolutionary advances in biomedical research.
http://dlvr.it/Lf0ChB

A new study analyzed media reports of snakebites in the United States. Investigators found that media coverage detailed victim circumstances better than current quantitative data, and that the majority of snakebites may actually be 'legitimate,' meaning they occur by surprise, without intentional…
http://dlvr.it/Ldzd24

A team of researchers are developing a three-dimensional model for prostate cancer research based on cryogels. The model will be used to reproduce natural processes and above all to examine the development and the progression of tumors.
http://dlvr.it/Ldzcsh

Overweight and obesity have been associated with increased periodontitis risk. However, uncertainty persists regarding the causal relationship of such conditions. In this study, participants were followed periodically since their birth. Anthropometric measures and habits were assessed during the…
http://dlvr.it/Ldzch1

Articles

This blog post highlights NCCIH's desire to develop materials and partnerships to increase understanding by consumers of biomedical research and more informed, evidence-based decisions about their health.
http://dlvr.it/LdbTps

Poor moms who return to the workforce after a period of unemployment suffer significantly higher rates of depression, anxiety and physical symptoms of stress when they don't have access to decent childcare, according to researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Ldb9WB

A new technology can read the order (sequence) of the 'letters' making up DNA code with enough accuracy to reveal how bacteria use high-speed evolution to defeat antibiotics, report researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Ldb9Lq

For communication between neurons to occur, an electrical impulse, called an action potential, must travel down an axon to its synaptic terminal. A major technical challenge impeding the direct examination of this process, axonal excitability, is the small diameter of a typical axon -- less than…
http://dlvr.it/LdZtps

The reason why treadmill training can boost memory recall remains an active area of investigation. A couple of proteins have been shown to fuel exercise-induced neuron growth, but a new study presents a new candidate, cathepsin B -- one that can be directly traced from the muscles to the brain in…
http://dlvr.it/LdZtbw

As people get older, they become choosier about how they spend their time and with whom they spend it. Now, researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on June 23 find, based on a series of experimental and behavioral studies, that similar changes take place in Barbary macaques.…
http://dlvr.it/LdZtSB

Using an innovative approach to identify a cancer's genetic vulnerabilities by more swiftly analyzing human tumors transplanted into mice, researchers have identified a new potential target for pancreatic cancer treatment.
http://dlvr.it/LdZtLR

New research uncovers why an increase in probability feels riskier than a decrease. The research falls under the realm of subjective probability, also known as likelihood or risk. While past research has looked at how people interpret single estimates of the probability for a future event, the…
http://dlvr.it/LdZtBS

States are aggressively enacting laws aimed at curbing prescription opioid abuse and overdose. The laws appear to have no impact on hazardous prescribing for disabled workers, a large population with high opioid use. People in this group, presumably a population the laws aim to protect, are 10…
http://dlvr.it/LdZt2k

Behaviors caused by traumatic experiences in early life are reversible. Researchers could demonstrate that environmental enrichment allows trauma-related symptoms in mice to be reversed. This is the first evidence that positive environmental factors can correct behavioral alterations which would…
http://dlvr.it/LdZgGX

An international team of researchers has discovered a simple, accurate new way to predict which women with gestational diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes after delivery. The discovery would allow health care providers to identify women at greatest risk and help motivate women to make early…
http://dlvr.it/LdZgD4

Researchers have shown how noise filters can be realized using biochemical reactions. This could help improve the reliability of synthetic biological circuits and play an important role in the development of new medical therapies, they say.
http://dlvr.it/LdZSGx

By combining super-fine electrodes and tiny amounts of a very specific drug, researchers have singled out a circuit in mouse brains and taken control of it to dial an animal's mood up and down. Stress-susceptible animals that behaved as if they were depressed or anxious were restored to relatively…
http://dlvr.it/LdZ815

A molecule that enables strong communication between our brain and muscles appears to also aid essential communication between our neurons, scientists report.
http://dlvr.it/LdY1P0

Scientists provide an overview of recent developments in light-based technologies that enable a deeper noninvasive look into the human body. The technologies hold promise to enable compact, wearable devices for point-of-care diagnostics and powerful new systems that provide even more information…
http://dlvr.it/LdXSXg

Potent doses of broccoli sprout extract activate a 'detoxification' gene and may help prevent cancer recurrence in survivors of head and neck cancer, according to a 'green chemoprevention' trial. It is the first study demonstrating that the extract protects against oral cancer, with the results of…
http://dlvr.it/LdXSSN

Researchers announced one year ago that the cells of the Mycobacterium brumae offer an improved alternative to current bladder cancer treatments such as BCG (an immunotherapy based on the Mycobacterium bovis), which can cause infections.
http://dlvr.it/LdXCZ0

Practically all currently available treatments for malaria are based in some form or other on a derivative of artemisinin, a plant substance that is found in the leaves and flowers of annual mugwort (Artemisia annua). However, more and more malaria parasites are becoming resistant to artemesinin –…
http://dlvr.it/LdXCTT

There is little awareness of the chemical components of cigarette smoke amongst US adults, even though many of them report having looked for relevant information. In a new study, researchers suggest that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expand its messaging activities so that information…
http://dlvr.it/LdXCFf

A major review of the Zika virus has concluded that further research to understand the nature of the virus is critical to developing antiviral treatments and vaccines. The article considers the breadth of current research and highlights a lack of understanding of the nature of the virus. The…
http://dlvr.it/LdXC2n

Women believe that somehow, Prince Charming will arrange for their financial security in their Golden Years. Women workers often rely on future spouses to organize their retirement finances, rather than making independent decisions now. Men and women working for private Japanese companies make…
http://dlvr.it/LdXBmM

To study brain cell's operation and test the effect of medication on individual cells, the conventional Petri dish with flat electrodes is not sufficient. For truly realistic studies, cells have to flourish within three-dimensional surroundings. Researchers have developed a sieve with 900 openings,…
http://dlvr.it/LdWnYr

Cancer cells appear to depend on an unusual survival mechanism to spread around the body, according to an early study. The discovery could help with future development of novel treatments to prevent metastasis and secondary tumors.
http://dlvr.it/LdWnR5

A team led by researchers reports that mice lacking the protein Alix develop hydrocephalus or 'water on the brain.' Alix ensures that epithelial cells of the choroid plexus are oriented correctly with respect to one another to prevent compromise of the epithelial barrier.
http://dlvr.it/LdWnLD

MAIT cells are little know but have been shown to be generally active against bacteria, unlike other T-cells which respond to specific pathogens. Now, researchers have found that they can respond to chemical messengers in the immune system to respond to viruses as well.
http://dlvr.it/LdWnBp

Articles

A telehealth program is being piloted, which could open the door for patients in rural communities to receive more subspecialized care without traveling long distances.
http://dlvr.it/Ld8l77

Behavioral problems in early childhood have a larger negative effect on high school and college completion rates for boys than girls, which partially explains the substantial gender gap in educational attainment that currently exists in the United States, suggests a new report.
http://dlvr.it/Ld8TcS

In the first trial of an intervention focused on increasing alcohol and drug treatment patients' engagement in their own health care, researchers found that patients who received six intervention sessions had greater involvement in managing their health and health care than those receiving fewer…
http://dlvr.it/Ld7z4t

Since gun law reform and the Firearms Buyback program 20 years ago, Australia has seen an accelerating decline in intentional firearm deaths and an absence of fatal mass shootings, a new report shows after a landmark study.
http://dlvr.it/Ld7z4X

A study estimates that almost 28,500 deaths could be prevented each year in the US through use of a new FDA-approved class of cardiovascular medication that helps reduce mortality in patients diagnosed with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, the percentage of blood pumped from the heart…
http://dlvr.it/Ld7z0l

Blacks with atrial fibrillation have nearly double the risk of stroke, heart failure, coronary heart disease and mortality from all causes than their white counterparts, new research shows.
http://dlvr.it/Ld7yvD

A phase 1 clinical trial testing a novel combination therapy slowed the growth of cancer in the majority of trial participants.
http://dlvr.it/Ld7TmG

The transmission of Taenia solium, a pork tapeworm species that infects humans and causes late-onset seizures and epilepsy, can be stopped on a population-wide level with mass treatments of both pigs and humans, researchers have shown.
http://dlvr.it/Ld7Tm0

African Americans perceive depression as a weakness inconsistent with notions of strength in the community, rather than as a health condition, new research shows. The study results have significant implications for the clinical assessment of depression and for the measurement of depression in…
http://dlvr.it/Ld7TlS

The loss of the protein Mitofusin 2 in the muscles of young mice speeds up aging and causes early sarcopenia, thus leading to the muscle quality of aged mice, report researchers. Sarcopenia, which is muscle wastage and the accompanied loss of strength, is one of the most weakening conditions of old…
http://dlvr.it/Ld7TYh

Years of research have shown that impulsivity in childhood is among the individual vulnerabilities leading to substance abuse, delinquency, as well as aggressive and antisocial behavior in adolescence and adulthood. However, a new study shows that impulsive children who were raised in less coercive…
http://dlvr.it/Ld7B1s

In metal-on-metal pairings, both the shell and head of an implant consist of a cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy, report researchers looking into the safety of hip implants. The release of metal ions into the body has been reported as a result of implant wear. Bone loss (osteolysis) was observed in…
http://dlvr.it/Ld79rS

A study of 430 hospitals in the developing world found that more than one-third lacked running water, a deficiency that can lead to unsanitary conditions for patients in general and dangerous conditions for those who need surgery.
http://dlvr.it/Ld728l

In a review of research on the effect of meal patterns on health, the few studies available suggest that eating irregularly is linked to a higher risk of metabolic syndrome (high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and obesity). The limited evidence highlights the need for larger scale studies to…
http://dlvr.it/Ld648h

A landmark study has given the most detailed picture yet of the genetics of bowel cancer. The study examined all the genes from more than 1,000 people with bowel cancer and is the largest of its type ever conducted.
http://dlvr.it/Ld63sn

Novel adaptations discovered in hibernating animals may reveal ways to mitigate injuries associated with strokes, heart attacks and organ transplants, according to researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Ld5hRv

Scientists have solved a mystery that has long baffled HIV researchers: How does HIV manage to enter the nucleus of immune system cells? The discovery could lead to effective new drugs to treat HIV/AIDS.
http://dlvr.it/Ld5hCP

Scientists are developing a robotic arm prototype and its control algorithm using myoelectric signals. The mechanical limb will independently recognize the motions of its owner and be able to perform all the same motions like a healthy arm. The scientists estimate the final cost of the device of…
http://dlvr.it/Ld5S1z

Having diabetes increases the risk of dying from the effects of a heart attack by around 50 percent, according to a widespread study. The study's participants with diabetes were 39 per cent more likely to have died if they had a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) heart attack -- in…
http://dlvr.it/Ld5RqK

Frontotemporal dementia is associated with a wide variety of abnormal eating behaviors such as hyperphagia, fixations on one kind of food, even ingestion of inanimate objects, making an already difficult situation even worse. A new review gathers together the state of the art of what is known in…
http://dlvr.it/Ld5Rhk

It happened fast. It happened in nearly every hospital in the state. And it didn't come with dreaded side effects. The proportion of hospitalized patients who lacked insurance dropped by nearly four percentage points, and the proportion covered by Medicaid rose more than six points, in the state of…
http://dlvr.it/Ld4W1h

While working as a professor in the sensory-motor systems lab at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETH), Robert Riener noticed a need for assistive devices that would better meet the challenge of helping people with daily life. He knew there were solutions, but that it would…
http://dlvr.it/Ld4GPW

About 59 million Americans spend money out-of-pocket on complementary health approaches, and their total spending adds up to $30.2 billion a year.
http://dlvr.it/Ld3trd

Federal analysis includes first-ever data on spending for children American out-of-pocket spending on complementary health approaches tops $30 billion annually.
http://dlvr.it/Ld3tmk

Americans are increasingly willing to pay out-of-pocket for acupuncture, chiropractic, or massage care that isn't covered by health insurance, according to a new analysis of data from a national survey.
http://dlvr.it/Ld3tTg

Articles

University of Leeds study has found that inflammation where a mosquito has bitten not only helps a virus such as Zika or dengue establish an infection in the body more quickly, but that it also helps it to spread around the body, increasing the likelihood of severe illness.
http://dlvr.it/Lcj16J

Using unmanned drones to deliver vaccines in low- and middle-income countries may save money and improve vaccination rates, new research suggests.
http://dlvr.it/Lcj14j

In zebra finches, only males learn and sing songs, as this is the way they attract a mate. Therefore, learning a complex song to attract the lady zebra finches is crucial for reproduction. The juvenile zebra finches do this by listening to the father's song and memorizing it. The neurons associated…
http://dlvr.it/Lcj0yn

Drugs used to treat diabetes could also be used to treat Alzheimer's disease, and vice versa, according to new research. This is also the first study of its kind to show that Alzheimer's disease can lead to diabetes, as opposed to diabetes occurring first as was previously thought.
http://dlvr.it/Lcj0nB

Researchers have found that an existing diabetes drug can be used to halt progression of another disease that is a leading cause of liver transplants.
http://dlvr.it/Lcj0W9

Clinician researchers assessed current global evidence and found that mandatory treatment for people with substance use disorders is not effective in reducing their drug use.
http://dlvr.it/LchX80

In an innovative study, researchers used GPS technology to provide evidence that adolescents' exposure to junk food outlets during trips to and from school affects their likelihood of making a junk food purchase.
http://dlvr.it/LchX7j

In a proof-of-principle study, a team of physicians and bioinformatics experts reports they were able to diagnose or rule out suspected brain infections using so called next-generation genetic sequencing of brain tissue samples.
http://dlvr.it/LchX7F

Offering medical assistance in dying to people in Canada on the basis of psychiatric illnesses could put vulnerable people at risk, argues a new Canadian commentary.
http://dlvr.it/LchX4x

An analysis of more than 60 studies suggests that some plant-based therapies are associated with modest reductions in the frequency of hot flashes and vaginal dryness but no significant reduction in night sweats, according to a study.
http://dlvr.it/LchWz7

More than one in three atrial fibrillation (AF) patients at intermediate to high risk for stroke are treated with aspirin alone, despite previous data showing this therapy to be inferior to blood thinners, new research suggests.
http://dlvr.it/LchWmf

The development of food allergies in mice can be linked to what their gut bacteria are being fed, reports a new study. Rodents that received a diet with average calories, sugar, and fiber content had more severe peanut allergies than those that received a high-fiber diet. The researchers show that…
http://dlvr.it/LcggWp

Jurors who are allowed to take and review notes during court trials are less likely to forget critical evidence, a new study has found. This finding has important implications for justice, as jurors who forget critical trial evidence often reach different verdicts to those who remember it.
http://dlvr.it/LcgWWT

There are now over 700 Accountable Care Organizations (ACO) in place across the country, making them one of the largest health care payment and delivery reforms underway in the United States. Until recently, little has been known about the effect of Medicare ACOs on overall spending. A new study…
http://dlvr.it/LcgLGJ

Histone proteins at the core of nucleosomes and their tails exert control over the exposure of genes for binding, as demonstrated in simulations researchers.
http://dlvr.it/LcgL5M

New research has uncovered the different ways in which men and women perceive infidelity.
http://dlvr.it/Lcg0lZ

SORLA is a protein that influences the balance of metabolic processes in adipose tissue, a particular form of fat. Too much of it makes fat cells overly sensitive to insulin, which leads them to break down less fat. SORLA was previously known for its protective role in Alzheimer's disease.
http://dlvr.it/Lcg0ct

A shorter course of prostate cancer radiotherapy, involving fewer hospital visits and higher individual doses of radiotherapy, is as effective as the current standard treatment for both survival and quality of life, a major new study reports.
http://dlvr.it/Lcg0PP

Scientists describe a small peptide that very efficiently binds excess copper from liver cells. This molecule comes from a bacterium's bag of tricks and could be suitable for treating Wilson disease. In an experimental model it has already proven superior to conventional medicines.
http://dlvr.it/Lcfj39

About 9.6 million U.S. adults are severely nearsighted, a new study shows. Researchers also found that 41,000 suffer a rare complication that can cause blindness, with the prevalence rate among women double that of men.
http://dlvr.it/LcfPdz

It takes children until they are about 5 years old to learn to take turns with others, while the social skill seems to elude chimpanzees, according to new findings. The findings show that 5-year-old children adopted a turn-taking strategy more effectively than their younger counterparts, suggesting…
http://dlvr.it/LcfPbg

Between a third and half (43 percent) of the UK population -- roughly 28 million adults -- lives with chronic pain, finds an analysis of the available evidence.
http://dlvr.it/LcfPQW

A university degree is linked to a heightened risk of developing a brain tumor, suggests a large observational study. Gliomas, in particular, were more common among people who had studied at university for at least three years than they were among those who didn't go on to higher education, the…
http://dlvr.it/LcfPHf

A new study reveals a new link between low levels of the thyroid hormone thyroxine during pregnancy and risk of schizophrenia in the offspring.
http://dlvr.it/LcdGH6

Campaigns to promote physical activity and reduce obesity among children should focus more on active outdoor play, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/Lcd86b

Articles

An existing medication could have promise in preventing breast cancer in women carrying a faulty BRCA1 gene, researchers have discovered.
http://dlvr.it/LcGXL6

Mapping the molecular structure where medicine goes to work is a crucial step toward drug discovery against deadly diseases. Researchers have taken that critical first step by providing a crystal structure of the extracellular domain, or ECD, of ZIP4 -- the exclusive protein responsible for the…
http://dlvr.it/LcGXKq

Scientists have synthesized a novel anti-cancer agent, Thailanstatin A, which was originally isolated from a bacterial species collected in Thailand.
http://dlvr.it/LcGXHh

The US clothing industry is a multi-billion dollar industry, but for the millions of Americans with disabilities and their families, a lack of options in the apparel industry presents daily challenges. One researcher has found that the lack of adequate, accessible apparel created barriers for…
http://dlvr.it/LcG4H8

Due to a subgroup effect, reviewers have found that there is an indication of a minor added benefit for patients with diabetes, and an indication of a considerable added benefit for patients without diabetes, when using Sacubitril/valsartan in heart failure.
http://dlvr.it/LcG4Cq

A new 'brute force' technique has been developed to test thousands of biochemical reactions at once and quickly home in on the range of conditions where they work best. Until now, optimizing such biomolecular systems, which can be applied for example to diagnostics, would have required months or…
http://dlvr.it/LcFbBf

A team has been able to understand and manipulate DNA to more finely tune the flow of electricity through it. The key findings, which can make DNA behave in different ways -- cajoling electrons to smoothly flow like electricity through a metal wire, or hopping electrons about like the…
http://dlvr.it/LcFb8w

A study of patients in a Minnesota county suggests the incidence (new cases) of parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease may have increased over the past 30 years but that trend may not be genuine and must be confirmed in other populations.
http://dlvr.it/LcFZxj

Scientists have identified four new risk genes that are altered in patients with multiple sclerosis. The results point to a possible involvement of cellular mechanisms in the development of the disease, through which environmental influences affect gene regulation.
http://dlvr.it/LcFJM7

A receptor, first known for its role in mediating the harmful effects of the environmental pollutant dioxin in our body, is now understood to play other important roles in modulating the innate immune response.
http://dlvr.it/LcDmPm

Using tiny, alpaca-derived, single-domain antibody fragments, scientists have developed a method to perturb cellular processes in mammalian cells, allowing them to tease apart the roles that individual proteins play in these pathways. With improved knowledge of protein activity, scientists can…
http://dlvr.it/LcDSy2

Three to 5 percent of the European population is allergic to insect venom, and many of them are at risk of anaphylaxis if they are stung. Some patients do not respond properly to immunotherapy and in some cases the treatment has reduced or no effect at all -- which can be fatal. Researchers are now…
http://dlvr.it/LcDSg3

Due to a lack of studies of direct comparisons the manufacturer subsequently submitted historical comparisons, but the visible effects were not large enough for conclusions on added benefit.
http://dlvr.it/LcDBHl

Rising blood levels of a protein called hematoma derived growth factor (HDGF) are linked to the increasing severity of pulmonary arterial hypertension, a form of damaging high blood pressure in the lungs, report researchers.
http://dlvr.it/LcDB95

In a surprising twist, benign brain tumors that have previously been tied to obesity and diabetes are less likely to emerge in those with high blood sugar, new research has found.
http://dlvr.it/LcDB1b

Researchers have identified a new genetic candidate for testing therapies that might affect fear learning in people with PTSD or other conditions, describes a new report.
http://dlvr.it/LcCnms

In the fight to end opioid abuse, Blue Cross Blue Shield in at least two states is denying coverage of a proven nonopioid treatment for chronic pain, a new article outlines.
http://dlvr.it/LcCnfn

If you are a male immigrant and marry a woman from a country other than your own, you increase your chances of a good job and a high income. This applies whether the woman you marry is a native or not.
http://dlvr.it/LcCZvb

New research suggests that microbial water quality issues of Flint drinking water are improving, based on recent testing in March 2016, but that continued vigilance is in order. The research found that levels of DNA markers for Legionella have decreased throughout Flint since October 2015 before…
http://dlvr.it/LcCZmv

Measuring antibody levels in the blood could be used to detect a person's heart attack risk after researchers discovered that higher levels of these antibodies are linked to a lower heart attack risk.
http://dlvr.it/LcCZWN

New research provides compelling evidence that children acquire Streptococcus mutans, the bacterium most frequently associated with dental caries, from intra- and extra-familial sources besides their mother.
http://dlvr.it/LcCGMB

New research provides clear evidence that the gloves of healthcare workers contaminate hospital surfaces with bacteria. The researchers' data also suggest that types of bacteria may affect cross-transmission rates among contaminated gloves and the hospital surfaces.
http://dlvr.it/LcCGCC

Research demonstrates a new way bacteria can cause dramatic morphological changes in human cells. Specifically, the researchers discovered that a common bacterial contaminant of contact lenses and cases can cause the formation of large bubble-like membrane structures on human ocular cells, which…
http://dlvr.it/LcCG0L

Cannabis use during pregnancy is associated with abnormal brain structure in children, according to a new study. Compared with unexposed children, those who were prenatally exposed to cannabis had a thicker prefrontal cortex, a region of the brain involved in complex cognition, decision-making, and…
http://dlvr.it/LcBxvj

Pathologists have been largely diagnosing disease the same way for the past 100 years, by manually reviewing images under a microscope. But new work suggests that computers can help doctors improve accuracy and significantly change the way cancer and other diseases are diagnosed.
http://dlvr.it/LcBxgL

Articles

Mothers of children with autism and were diagnosed with metabolic conditions during pregnancy, particularly gestational and type 2 diabetes, were more likely to have anti-fetal brain autoantibodies in their blood compared to healthy women of children with autism. The presence of these anti-fetal…
http://dlvr.it/LbppTQ

Women born in the Caribbean or Africa are two times more likely to be admitted to an intensive care unit at the time of their delivery than Canadian-born women, a new study has found.
http://dlvr.it/LbppL3

2015 was an unprecedented year in the recognition of transgender rights in some high-income countries. However, as a new series of articles reveals, public recognition has yet to translate to a concerted effort to support and improve the health of transgender people across the world.
http://dlvr.it/LbpYXn

Research that followed more than 1.6 million Swedish men from adolescence onwards between 1968 and 2005 has shown that those who were overweight as teenagers were more likely to develop heart failure in early middle age. Surprisingly, the increased risk of heart failure was found in men who were…
http://dlvr.it/LbpYSc

Both a lack of stimulation in the workplace and a dirty working environment can have a long-term cognitive effect on employees, new research indicates.
http://dlvr.it/LbpYKt

Return on investment by California's county public health departments, which focus on prevention, exceeds return on investment in many other areas of medical care, according to a new study. The study estimated that each dollar counties spent on public health programs returned $67-88 dollars of…
http://dlvr.it/LbpYGz

China's massive investment to mitigate the ecosystem bust that has come in the wake of the nation's economic boom is paying off. An international group of scientists finds both humans and nature can thrive -- with careful attention
http://dlvr.it/LbpYGy

Having a first-degree relative with epilepsy may increase a person's risk of being diagnosed with autism, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/LbpYGv

Leaky blood vessels in the brain called cerebral microbleeds are associated with an increased risk of physical and cognitive disability in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/LbpYGl

The first study that shows that overweight in late adolescence in men is a significant risk factor for developing severe liver disease later in life. Contributing to the strength of this research are the large group of men studied (close to 45,000), very long follow-up time (nearly 40 years), and…
http://dlvr.it/LbpYFr

Pleasant and unpleasant odors are a part of everyone's life, but how do our reactions to smells change when other odors are present? To answer this question, researchers have combined experimental and modeling approaches to reveal the process through which smell preference is computed in the brain.
http://dlvr.it/LbpXqP

A long-running debate among traffic engineers has been resolved by researchers who have discovered that two seemingly very different models of traffic flow in cities actually have similar underlying mathematical structures.
http://dlvr.it/LbWWn7

People who are addicted to cocaine are particularly prone to developing habits that render their behavior resistant to change, regardless of the potentially devastating consequences, suggests new researche. The findings may have important implications for the treatment of cocaine addiction as they…
http://dlvr.it/LbWWgP

Research has demonstrated for the first time that mental fatigue can have a negative impact on football performance by reducing running, passing, and shooting ability.
http://dlvr.it/LbWH2m

Cerebellar ataxia is a condition of the cerebellum that causes an inability to coordinate muscle movements. A new study describes a new genetic mutation as an additional cause of ataxia in humans and mice. The mutation, in the gene CAPN1, affects the function of the enzyme calpain-1 and causes…
http://dlvr.it/LbDngS

When leaders punish subordinates, they often do this out of distrust. They are afraid of losing their position and use punishment as a deterrent. However, their punishments are not very effective, says a social and organizational psychologist.
http://dlvr.it/LbDnJN

Consumers know some of the benefits blueberries provide, but they're less aware of the advantages of reverting aging, improving vision and memory, a new study shows. Researchers surveyed more than 2,000 people in 31 states – mostly on the East Coast and in the Midwest – to see what they know about…
http://dlvr.it/Lb9V0P

The difficult, and sometimes dangerous, job of caregiving in residential facilities for troubled youth becomes notably more fulfilling when agencies de-emphasize behavior control in favor of creating opportunities for children's success.
http://dlvr.it/Lb9HKh

The junctions between nerve cells responsible for releasing and receiving dopamine in the brain are a surprising mismatch that gives this chemical a strong competitive advantage, report researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Lb94LV

A single gene pathway that is vital for Zika and other flaviviruses to spread infection between cells has now been identified by researchers. Further, they showed that shutting down a single gene in this pathway -- in both human and insect cells -- does not negatively affect the cells themselves…
http://dlvr.it/Lb94J5

The genome is permanently altered in the uterus of mice that had been exposed to BPA during their fetal development, new research indicates.
http://dlvr.it/Lb94BX

Here's another reason why you should hit the gym regularly as you grow older: a new report shows that regular exercise plays a critical role in helping muscles repair themselves as quickly as possible after injury. After only eight weeks of exercise, old mice experienced faster muscle repair and…
http://dlvr.it/Lb93yj

When choosing unrelated male partners for cooperative ventures, men value productivity as well as generosity and trustworthiness, new research indicates.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5rQH

We know that individuals who smoke take major health risks. Now a new research study shows that common treatment for breast cancer works less well in patients who smoke, compared to non-smokers.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5r8W

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles may help destroy difficult-to-treat triple-negative breast cancer tumors.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DZv

Articles

Cerebellar ataxia is a condition of the cerebellum that causes an inability to coordinate muscle movements. A new study describes a new genetic mutation as an additional cause of ataxia in humans and mice. The mutation, in the gene CAPN1, affects the function of the enzyme calpain-1 and causes…
http://dlvr.it/LbDngS

When leaders punish subordinates, they often do this out of distrust. They are afraid of losing their position and use punishment as a deterrent. However, their punishments are not very effective, says a social and organizational psychologist.
http://dlvr.it/LbDnJN

Consumers know some of the benefits blueberries provide, but they're less aware of the advantages of reverting aging, improving vision and memory, a new study shows. Researchers surveyed more than 2,000 people in 31 states – mostly on the East Coast and in the Midwest – to see what they know about…
http://dlvr.it/Lb9V0P

The difficult, and sometimes dangerous, job of caregiving in residential facilities for troubled youth becomes notably more fulfilling when agencies de-emphasize behavior control in favor of creating opportunities for children's success.
http://dlvr.it/Lb9HKh

The junctions between nerve cells responsible for releasing and receiving dopamine in the brain are a surprising mismatch that gives this chemical a strong competitive advantage, report researchers.
http://dlvr.it/Lb94LV

A single gene pathway that is vital for Zika and other flaviviruses to spread infection between cells has now been identified by researchers. Further, they showed that shutting down a single gene in this pathway -- in both human and insect cells -- does not negatively affect the cells themselves…
http://dlvr.it/Lb94J5

The genome is permanently altered in the uterus of mice that had been exposed to BPA during their fetal development, new research indicates.
http://dlvr.it/Lb94BX

Here's another reason why you should hit the gym regularly as you grow older: a new report shows that regular exercise plays a critical role in helping muscles repair themselves as quickly as possible after injury. After only eight weeks of exercise, old mice experienced faster muscle repair and…
http://dlvr.it/Lb93yj

When choosing unrelated male partners for cooperative ventures, men value productivity as well as generosity and trustworthiness, new research indicates.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5rQH

We know that individuals who smoke take major health risks. Now a new research study shows that common treatment for breast cancer works less well in patients who smoke, compared to non-smokers.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5r8W

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles may help destroy difficult-to-treat triple-negative breast cancer tumors.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DZv

In the 1950s, thalidomide (Contergan) was prescribed as a sedative drug to pregnant women, resulting in a great number of infants with serious malformations. Up to now, the reasons for these disastrous birth defects have remained unclear. Researchers have now at last identified the molecular…
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DZq

Researchers shed light on the molecular mechanisms behind radiation-based cancer therapies, through new study.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DZg

A new study has found new molecular sub-groups in early stages of bladder cancer. This improves the understanding of why some tumors develop aggressively and this discovery may lead to optimized treatment.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DXw

It is currently one challenge in cancer research to activate the body's natural defenses to eliminate tumor cells. A research team has now discovered with her team a surprising new function for the signalling molecule STAT1 in immune cells. This previously unknown feature could pave the way to a…
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DG9

Researchers have demonstrated that selective inactivation of the p110&alpha, PI3K isoform is sufficient to block tumor progression and metastasis in a mice model of PanNETs
http://dlvr.it/Lb50p8

People who are interested in gaining power for themselves are less aware than others of discrimination and injustice in the workplace, suggests a new study.
http://dlvr.it/Lb50lB

Cholera outbreaks are on the rise. To prevent and control them, three oral cholera vaccines are currently approved by WHO. A study examining the immune response to one of them in Haitian adults finds that while the first vaccine round elicits a strong cholera-specific response in the mucosa (the…
http://dlvr.it/Lb50cy

Insects transmit diseases when, probing for blood vessels, they inject saliva together with viral, bacterial, or parasitic pathogens into the skin of mammalian hosts. A study in mice suggests a critical role of mosquito saliva in the outcome of dengue virus infection.
http://dlvr.it/Lb50M5

Scientists can interfere with sperm production in the parasitic blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni by blocking expression of the Nuclear Factor Y-B gene (NF-YB).
http://dlvr.it/Lb5060

A new study of adolescents suggests that obtaining an insufficient amount of sleep increases variability in sadness, anger, energy and feelings of sleepiness. The study also showed that nightly fluctuations in sleep in healthy adolescents predict worse mood the next day, and worse mood any given…
http://dlvr.it/Lb4Jjh

Women who commit deadly violence are different in many ways from male perpetrators, both in terms of the most common victims, the way in which the murder is committed, the place where it is carried out and the perpetrator's background.
http://dlvr.it/Lb454k

Researchers have developed a new method, using super-resolution microscopy, to determine the length of stretched proteins in living cells, and monitor the dynamic binding of proteins, at sub-second timescales.
http://dlvr.it/Lb44rV

How will the traumatic events of the terrorist attacks of 13 November 2015 evolve in people's memories, whether collective or individual? How does individual memory feed on collective memory and vice versa? Is it possible, by studying cerebral markers, to predict which victims will develop…
http://dlvr.it/Lb3kFC

Scientists have released survey results showing that children who receive positive attention and care from their parents tend to have high incomes, high happiness levels, academic success, and a strong sense of morality.
http://dlvr.it/Lb3k62

Articles

When choosing unrelated male partners for cooperative ventures, men value productivity as well as generosity and trustworthiness, new research indicates.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5rQH

We know that individuals who smoke take major health risks. Now a new research study shows that common treatment for breast cancer works less well in patients who smoke, compared to non-smokers.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5r8W

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles may help destroy difficult-to-treat triple-negative breast cancer tumors.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DZv

In the 1950s, thalidomide (Contergan) was prescribed as a sedative drug to pregnant women, resulting in a great number of infants with serious malformations. Up to now, the reasons for these disastrous birth defects have remained unclear. Researchers have now at last identified the molecular…
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DZq

Researchers shed light on the molecular mechanisms behind radiation-based cancer therapies, through new study.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DZg

A new study has found new molecular sub-groups in early stages of bladder cancer. This improves the understanding of why some tumors develop aggressively and this discovery may lead to optimized treatment.
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DXw

It is currently one challenge in cancer research to activate the body's natural defenses to eliminate tumor cells. A research team has now discovered with her team a surprising new function for the signalling molecule STAT1 in immune cells. This previously unknown feature could pave the way to a…
http://dlvr.it/Lb5DG9

Researchers have demonstrated that selective inactivation of the p110&alpha, PI3K isoform is sufficient to block tumor progression and metastasis in a mice model of PanNETs
http://dlvr.it/Lb50p8

People who are interested in gaining power for themselves are less aware than others of discrimination and injustice in the workplace, suggests a new study.
http://dlvr.it/Lb50lB

Cholera outbreaks are on the rise. To prevent and control them, three oral cholera vaccines are currently approved by WHO. A study examining the immune response to one of them in Haitian adults finds that while the first vaccine round elicits a strong cholera-specific response in the mucosa (the…
http://dlvr.it/Lb50cy

Insects transmit diseases when, probing for blood vessels, they inject saliva together with viral, bacterial, or parasitic pathogens into the skin of mammalian hosts. A study in mice suggests a critical role of mosquito saliva in the outcome of dengue virus infection.
http://dlvr.it/Lb50M5

Scientists can interfere with sperm production in the parasitic blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni by blocking expression of the Nuclear Factor Y-B gene (NF-YB).
http://dlvr.it/Lb5060

A new study of adolescents suggests that obtaining an insufficient amount of sleep increases variability in sadness, anger, energy and feelings of sleepiness. The study also showed that nightly fluctuations in sleep in healthy adolescents predict worse mood the next day, and worse mood any given…
http://dlvr.it/Lb4Jjh

Women who commit deadly violence are different in many ways from male perpetrators, both in terms of the most common victims, the way in which the murder is committed, the place where it is carried out and the perpetrator's background.
http://dlvr.it/Lb454k

Researchers have developed a new method, using super-resolution microscopy, to determine the length of stretched proteins in living cells, and monitor the dynamic binding of proteins, at sub-second timescales.
http://dlvr.it/Lb44rV

How will the traumatic events of the terrorist attacks of 13 November 2015 evolve in people's memories, whether collective or individual? How does individual memory feed on collective memory and vice versa? Is it possible, by studying cerebral markers, to predict which victims will develop…
http://dlvr.it/Lb3kFC

Scientists have released survey results showing that children who receive positive attention and care from their parents tend to have high incomes, high happiness levels, academic success, and a strong sense of morality.
http://dlvr.it/Lb3k62

Adding a new device to an existing breast molecular imaging system allows the system to get six times better contrast of cancer lesions in the breast, providing the same or better image quality while also potentially reducing the radiation dose to the patient by half. The device may also allow for…
http://dlvr.it/LZpdwf

People with diabetes often suffer from wounds that are slow to heal and can lead to ulcers, gangrene and amputation. New research from an international group shows that, in mouse models of diabetes, slow healing is associated with weaker electrical currents in wounds. The results could ultimately…
http://dlvr.it/LZpdmB

Viruses can't live without us -- literally. As obligate parasites, viruses need a host cell to survive. Scientists are exploiting this characteristic by developing therapeutics that close off pathways necessary for viral infection, essentially stopping pathogens in their tracks. Rift Valley fever…
http://dlvr.it/LZpdJw

Birth by C-section, exposure to antibiotics and formula feeding slow the development and decrease the diversity of a baby's microbes through the first year of life, new research indicates.
http://dlvr.it/LZpBbj

There's growing interest in learning whether complementary and integrative health approaches, especially meditative approaches, can promote behaviors that help keep people healthy. Might these approaches help people avoid mental and emotional disorders? Could they reduce the risks of substance…
http://dlvr.it/LZm7dD

Statin drugs can dramatically lower the risk of infections in stroke patients, report researchers. Patients on statins upon admission to hospital, or early in their stay, had significantly lower risk for developing infections than those put on statins later in their hospitalization or not at all.…
http://dlvr.it/LZkT8v

An exhaustive look at how bacteria hold their ground and avoid getting pushed around by their environment shows how dozens of genes aid the essential job of protecting cells from popping when tensions run high.
http://dlvr.it/LZkT1V

People with Parkinson's disease have a form of impaired decision-making that may be a major contributor to the movement problems that characterize the disease. This finding suggests that the neurological factors underlying Parkinson's, which currently affects nearly 1 million people in the United…
http://dlvr.it/LZkSxj

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