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Articles

Only 2 percent of patients with life-threatening bleeding after serious injury receive optimal blood transfusion therapy in England and Wales, according to research. The study estimates that nearly 5,000 trauma patients sustain major hemorrhage in England and Wales each year and that one-third of…
http://dlvr.it/KQjsq4

Pregnant women are at higher risk for serious illness and complications, including death, from influenza. For expectant mothers hospitalized with flu, early treatment with the influenza antiviral drug oseltamivir may shorten their time in the hospital, especially in severe cases, suggests a new…
http://dlvr.it/KQjsmd

Critical for human development and health, neural crest cells arise early in the development of vertebrates. They migrate extensively inside the embryo, and differentiate to give rise to a wide array of diverse derivatives. Accessing these cells, however, is difficult. Work done by a research team…
http://dlvr.it/KQjsf4

The current recommendation to treat severely malnourished children with routine antibiotics does not increase the likelihood of nutritional recovery in uncomplicated cases, a new study suggests.
http://dlvr.it/KQjsRS

Semipalmated sandpipers on their annual stopover in Canada's Bay of Fundy eat a far broader diet than anyone suspected -- and researchers know this because they analyzed the birds' poop.
http://dlvr.it/KQjs4f

A forthcoming review explores how oaks and pines depend on corvids, the group of birds that includes ravens, crows, and jays, to reproduce and spread -- and how birds may be the key to helping these valuable trees weather the challenges of habitat fragmentation and climate change.
http://dlvr.it/KQjrwV

New findings show the effects of antenatal exposure to a high fructose diet on the offspring's development of metabolic syndrome-like phenotype and cardiovascular disease later in life.
http://dlvr.it/KQf1qc

A preliminary study has found a linkage between the exceptionally hot and dry winter and spring recently experienced in northeast Brazil and the outbreak of the zika virus.
http://dlvr.it/KQNJTV

Scientists had thought that most synapses of a similar type and in a similar location in the brain behaved in a similar fashion with respect to how experience induces plasticity. In this work, scientists found dramatic differences in the plasticity response, even between neighboring synapses in…
http://dlvr.it/KQMqNw

Using a special profiling technique, researchers have determined the mechanism of action of a potent antibiotic, known as tropodithietic acid, leading them to uncover its hidden ability as a potential anticancer agent.
http://dlvr.it/KQMqNG

Tumors kill off surrounding cells to make room to grow, according to new research. Although the study was carried out using fruit flies, its findings suggest that drugs to prevent, rather than encourage, cell death might be effective at fighting cancer -- contrary to how many of the current…
http://dlvr.it/KQMqMl

Researchers have, for the first time, visualized the origins of cancer from the first affected cell and watched its spread in a live animal. Their work could change the way scientists understand melanoma and other cancers and could lead to new, early treatments before the cancer has taken hold.
http://dlvr.it/KQMNZ5

Neuroscientists have succeeded in activating dormant memory cells in rats. Using weak electrical impulses targeted at previously inactive cells in the hippocampus, the researchers induced the cells to recognize the exact place where the impulse had been first administered. The new study offers…
http://dlvr.it/KQLWX4

Researchers have developed a fast, inexpensive and highly accurate test to screen newborns for cystic fibrosis. The new method detects virtually all mutations in the CF gene, preventing missed diagnoses that delay babies' ability to begin receiving essential treatment.
http://dlvr.it/KQKbJC

Exposure to specific antibiotics is linked to the development of certain strains of antibiotic-resistant C. difficile, one of the fastest growing bacteria superbugs, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KQKbJ2

Significant bone loss -- a side effect of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) - occurs during the first month of treatment, far earlier than previously assumed, report investigators.
http://dlvr.it/KQKbH4

If you find yourself toggling over to look at Facebook several dozen times a day, it's not necessarily because the experience of being on social media is so wonderful. It may be a sign that you're not getting enough sleep.
http://dlvr.it/KQKb4q

Until recently, being paralyzed from the waist down meant using a wheelchair to get around. And although daily life is more accessible to wheelchair users, they still face physical and social limitations. But researchers have been working to change that.
http://dlvr.it/KQK4f8

A new study explores where Bernie Madoff's fraud case left its deepest impact and on whom -- not just among his direct victims, but also on how others viewed the trustworthiness of financial markets.
http://dlvr.it/KQK4Ts

Men who as children experienced a family member's incarceration are approximately twice as likely to have a heart attack in later adulthood in comparison with men who were not exposed to such a childhood trauma, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KQK4L5

The public defunding of Planned Parenthood in Texas may have led to a decrease in highly effective forms of contraceptive services and an increase in Medicaid-paid childbirths among women who previously used injectable contraception, according to new study.
http://dlvr.it/KQK4GR

How has new legislation affected marijuana use in the United States? The best available data suggest that marijuana use is increasing in adults but not teens, with a decrease in marijuana-related arrests but an increase in treatment admissions, according to researchers.
http://dlvr.it/KQK4G4

Thousands flock to the internet in search of ways to boost a healthy lifestyle. Many popular diet facts and trends are circulated so often in the media that it's hard to know which tips to trust and which ones should be tossed. Underneath popular opinion and platitudes, the truth about eating…
http://dlvr.it/KQJZqM

A new way to use the empty shell of a hepatitis E virus has been developed to carry vaccines or drugs into the body. The technique has been tested in rodents as a way to target breast cancer, and is available for commercial licensing.
http://dlvr.it/KQG6J8

The greedy metabolism of cancer cells to target kidney cell carcinomas, which kill more than 100,000 Americans each year, has been exploited by researchers. The team showed that the majority of renal cell cancers rewire their metabolism in a way that leaves them addicted to the nutrient cystine. By…
http://dlvr.it/KQG66H

Articles

New research used cutting-edge brain imaging technologies to determine that the brain function responsible for regulating our stress response can also produce a personal profile of resilience to stress. These findings may lead to a future blood test that would facilitate early intervention in…
http://dlvr.it/KQCkSd

A research team describes 'tuning' macrophages from ones that repair wounds (and contribute to tumor growth) to ones that sterilize wounds (and contribute to the immune system's attack of tumor tissue).
http://dlvr.it/KQCkNv

Researchers have differentiated between patients with a rare bleeding disorder and healthy volunteers using super-resolution microscopy, providing an alternative method for accurately and cost-effectively diagnosing rare platelet diseases.
http://dlvr.it/KQCkHB

Depression can be a devastating and unremitting problem. Researchers now report successful reduction of depressive symptoms in patients using a novel non-invasive method of vagus nerve stimulation, or VNS.
http://dlvr.it/KQB5xB

The key to an inherited deficiency, predisposing people to emphysema and other lung conditions, could lie in their Viking roots. Archaeological excavations of Viking latrine pits in Denmark have revealed that these populations suffered massive worm infestations. The way that their genes developed…
http://dlvr.it/KQ9bDn

Researchers have patented a new method that allows to identify the cells causing metastasis in cancer, with a simple blood analysis.
http://dlvr.it/KQ9b9m

Older men who engage in regular physical activity experience far fewer serious fall injuries than those who do not, say researchers. Their findings suggest that moderate exercise can help prevent potentially devastating falls, the leading cause of injury in people age 70 and older.
http://dlvr.it/KQ9b7b

How much you eat when you're not really hungry may depend on how well off your family was when you were a child, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/KQ9b51

Conducting clinical investigations of mitochondrial replacement techniques in humans is ethically permissible as long as significant conditions and principles are met, says a new report.
http://dlvr.it/KQ9b2F

The findings also suggest the lack of structure often found in impoverished environments can negatively impact judgment.
http://dlvr.it/KQ9Zt1

Scientists have captured atomic images of the virus that causes cold sores in action. Structural details reveal that the virus inserts itself into another protein, jamming an important immune system pathway that normally allows immune cells to recognize and destroy foreign invaders.
http://dlvr.it/KQ8zLF

A low-power chip for processing 3-D camera data has been developed that could help visually impaired people navigate their environments. The chip consumes only one-thousandth as much power as a conventional computer processor executing the same algorithms.
http://dlvr.it/KQ8zL1

Chlorhexidine-alcohol skin prep is superior to iodine-alcohol for preventing infection after C-section, according to a new study. Rather than prepping patients with iodine-alcohol -- a common antiseptic combination in C-sections -- the research indicates that chlorhexidine-alcohol is significantly…
http://dlvr.it/KQ8zHk

Meditation eases anxiety, fatigue and pain for women undergoing breast cancer biopsies, according to researchers. They also found that music is effective, but to a lesser extent.
http://dlvr.it/KQ8z9P

African-American patients with connective tissue diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis are twice as likely as white patients to suffer from atherosclerotic blood vessels, which increase the risk of a heart attack, stroke or death.
http://dlvr.it/KQ8z1D

Researchers have constructed the first comprehensive model of how neurons in the brain behave when faced with a complex decision-making process, and how they adapt and learn from mistakes.
http://dlvr.it/KQ8ytV

The incidence of childhood and adult obesity has increased significantly over the past three decades. New research shows that there is an association between obesity development during adulthood and childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
http://dlvr.it/KQ8X8F

Clinics and hospitals across the country are adding physician's assistant (PA) positions to serve growing numbers of patients, and in underserved rural areas, practices are turning to PAs to help expand access to care.
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More should be done to stop the use of endangered species in traditional Chinese medicines, with snow leopard, tiger and rhinoceros DNA still being found in remedies, according to a leading pathologist.
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Physicians recognize that routine lab testing isn't necessary for all hospitalized patients. Now researchers have developed a tool, Value Driven Outcomes, to reduce superfluous lab testing. When integrated into a quality improvement initiative lab costs decreased by nearly 10 percent per visit. If…
http://dlvr.it/KQ8WcP

Naloxone hydrochloride is a medication that can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose. Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a nasal naloxone product to replace those improvised kits.The authors of a new study point out that there isn't enough information available on…
http://dlvr.it/KQ8WQQ

Potential new approaches to treating eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are described in a new study. Scientists discovered that a signaling protein, or cytokine, called IL-33, plays a key role in recruiting phagocytes to damaged retina and induces retinal degeneration.…
http://dlvr.it/KQ7s6V

The most robust evidence yet, published today in the Cochrane Library, suggests that national smoking legislation does reduce the harms of passive smoking, and particularly risks from heart disease.
http://dlvr.it/KQ0CHj

Relying on body mass index (BMI), a numerical measure of a person's height and weight, as a proxy for health incorrectly labels more than 54 million heavy Americans unhealthy when they are not, psychologists report. Many of these 'healthy obese' and 'healthy overweight' people may have to pay…
http://dlvr.it/KQ0CBF

'These findings suggest that the way in which people measure success affects their honesty. When success is measured by social comparison, as is the case when winning a competition, dishonesty increases,' Schurr explains. 'When success does not involve social comparison, as is the case when meeting…
http://dlvr.it/KPtXmC

Articles

New research has revealed that a key immune system component -- innate lymphoid cells (ILC) -- is destroyed during acute HIV infection. This may play a key role in understanding the progression of the disease from HIV to AIDS, say scientists. HIV affects more than 35 million people worldwide.
http://dlvr.it/KPGfWz

NFL violence is not as common off the field as it may seem, say researchers. Compared to violent offending data in other studies, the percentage of violent arrests among NFL players was higher. But these crimes were committed by a very small number of players.
http://dlvr.it/KPGfL6

Millions of people are suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) right now. Among military personnel who've been deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, an estimated 31 percent are PTSD sufferers. An estimated 52 percent of people with PTSD also suffer from major depressive disorder (MDD). The…
http://dlvr.it/KPGGcf

Because Volkswagen has committed large-scale fraud with the software in diesel engines, nine million fraudulent cars, sold in Europe and the US from 2009 to 2015, have emitted a cumulative amount of 526 kilo tonnes of nitrogen oxides more than was legally allowed. The Volkswagen fraud has had an…
http://dlvr.it/KPFJN1

In real estate, location is key. It now seems the same concept holds true when it comes to stopping pain. New research indicates that the location of receptors that transmit pain signals is important in how big or small a pain signal will be -- and therefore how effectively drugs can block those…
http://dlvr.it/KPDZc4

Bilingual children are better than monolinguals at a certain type of mental control, and that those children with more practice switching between languages have even greater skills.
http://dlvr.it/KPDZbX

Researchers explain anecdotal and conflicting reports as to why some report pain around electromagnetic fields from cell phones.
http://dlvr.it/KPDZZt

In a 1978 essay, titled Where Am I?, the philosopher Daniel Dennett suggested that the brain was the only organ of which it's better to be a transplant donor than recipient. Now Italian neurosurgeon Sergio Canavero wants to turn philosophical thought experiments into reality by transplanting the…
http://dlvr.it/KNq8Dz

Engineers have found a way to keep a cancerous tumor from growing by using nanoparticles of the main ingredient in common antacid tablets. With their work, researchers show for the first time that they can modulate pH in solid tumors using intentionally designed nanoparticles.
http://dlvr.it/KNp4kw

It is normal -- in fact necessary -- for our immune system to occasionally fly into an inflammatory rage to defend the host (us) against pathogens or even tumor cells. Problems arise when the rage persists or is re-directed against one's self, as occurs in autoimmune disease.
http://dlvr.it/KNp4TT

Scientists have used mathematics as a tool to provide precise details of the structure of protein nanoparticles, potentially making them more useful in vaccine design.
http://dlvr.it/KNnq3m

A new study has provided the first report on the relationship of brain concentrations of mercury to brain neuropathology and diseases associated with dementia.
http://dlvr.it/KNnq2k

A new therapeutic strategy for HIV may already be available by repurposing an existing prescription drug, new research shows. The drug, an enzyme called adenosine deaminase, or ADA, ultimately may be able to activate the immune system against HIV and to help the immune system 'remember' the virus…
http://dlvr.it/KNnq1R

Researchers are using a mathematical tool to help determine which concussion patients will go on to suffer migraine headaches, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KNnpzT

The relationship of the worldwide increase in height with the development of leading chronic non-communicable diseases has been revealed in a new article. Tall people have a lower risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, but a higher risk of cancer. The authors discuss which dietary…
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Extracts of the medicinal plant Cistus incanus (Ci) prevent human immunodeficiency viruses from infecting cells, new research shows. Active antiviral ingredients in the extracts inhibit docking of viral proteins to cells, they say.
http://dlvr.it/KNnHcj

From a collection of more than 7,800 unrelated neurofibromatosis type 1 mutations, researchers have aimed at two goals: correlate a particular mutation with the symptoms that will develop as the child grows, and identify the likely mechanism that caused a group of DNA rearrangement mutations.
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Researchers often analyze isolated biomolecules in test tubes, and it is doubtful if the results can be applied to densely-packed cells. A team of researchers monitored the folding of an RNA structure in the living cell and compared the results with those of test tube analyses.
http://dlvr.it/KNn92R

Congenital disorders such as Down's syndrome could be better understood, following new insights into how healthy cells are formed. Scientists have identified a set of proteins that play a key role in preventing errors during the formation of healthy cells.
http://dlvr.it/KNn91B

A large-scale study based on almost 7,000 strains of Listeria monocytogenes -- the bacterium responsible for human listeriosis, a severe foodborne infection -- has concluded. Through the integrative analysis of epidemiological, clinical and microbiological data, the researchers have revealed the…
http://dlvr.it/KNn903

Researchers have developed a new biosensor test system based on magnetic nanoparticles. It is designed to provide highly accurate measurements of the concentration of protein molecules (e.g. markers, which indicate the onset or development of a disease) in various samples, including opaque…
http://dlvr.it/KNmnyh

A brain reward center, the striatum, may be directly affected by inflammation and that striatal change is related to the emergence of illness behaviors, scientists report.
http://dlvr.it/KNmnxz

A new paper describes methods to optimize characteristics of cells grown in a lab using biomaterial coatings. The research falls within the field of tissue engineering - the use of biomaterials, cells, and natural factors to regenerate tissues and organs lost to disease or injury. The research…
http://dlvr.it/KNmnv8

Abnormalities in embryonic brain development in mice, including transient embryonic brain enlargement during neuron formation, are responsible for abnormal adult brain structures and behavioral abnormalities, researchers have discovered.
http://dlvr.it/KNmnkH

Listeria bacterium found in food, which can infect people and cause temporary gastro-intestinal distress, is a serious health risk for pregnant women and for people with compromised immune systems. According to a dissertation, the bacterium, which sometimes causes the lethal illness listeriosis,…
http://dlvr.it/KNmnc5

Articles

A new report issues advice for physicians on how to detect and evaluate blood found in the urine, which is known as hematuria. The report also raises questions about the potential harms associated with diagnostic tests that are commonly employed to evaluate this condition.
http://dlvr.it/KNmG0k

When the audio on your television set is too loud, you simply turn down the volume. What if we could do the same for signaling in our bodies that essentially causes normal cells to turn cancerous? New discoveries may point to ways to do just that: a research team has identified previously unknown…
http://dlvr.it/KNmFvj

Many K-12 school efforts to reduce bullying have proven not very effective, leading educators to wonder what bullying prevention approach works best. A new study finds one anti-bullying program works extremely well. The study of more than 7,000 students in 77 elementary schools in Finland found…
http://dlvr.it/KNmFbZ

Since its introduction nearly 23 years ago, the popular injectable contraceptive depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) has been associated with causing substantial weight gain in some adolescent girls. Without being able to identify or predict which girls will gain weight on the drug, physicians…
http://dlvr.it/KNm7Fj

Chemotherapy treatment is a necessary evil in the fight against most cancers and has prolonged life for millions of people. However, many cancer survivors suffer from an increased risk of heart problems related to the toxic effect some chemotherapy drugs have on the heart. The key is catching it…
http://dlvr.it/KNm73y

Americans are Ten Times More Likely to Die from Firearms Than Citizens of Other Developed Countries, According to New Report Published in The American Journal of Medicine
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A new study is offering a glimmer of hope to alcoholics who find it hard to remain sober because their abstinence is hounded by stubborn, difficult-to-treat depression.
http://dlvr.it/KNkTkL

The first long-term research study of its kind ties masculine gender expression, or how much an individual conforms to masculine norms, to higher Body Mass Index (BMI) in youth.
http://dlvr.it/KNkTTw

A team of researchers is fighting cancers using a combination of therapies and recently found ways that radiation could maximize responses to novel immune-based therapeutic approaches to fight cancer.
http://dlvr.it/KNkTKV

Kaizen, a Web-based gaming platform, promotes learning through a mix of education, entertainment and competition. Named for a Japanese phrase meaning "continuous improvement," Kaizen presents players with short, multiple-choice scenarios designed to test their clinical knowledge.
http://dlvr.it/KNjqk4

Breast cancer takes a daunting toll on all women, but it hits younger women especially hard, finds a new study. Women aged 18-44 with a history of breast cancer reported a lower health-related quality of life than older survivors, highlighting the impact of breast cancer on the physical and mental…
http://dlvr.it/KNjqVM

Testing a portion of a person's submandibular gland may be a way to diagnose early Parkinson's disease, report scientists. Currently, there is no accurate diagnostic test for Parkinson's disease.
http://dlvr.it/KNjHgg

Stopping the growth of blood vessels in tumors is a key target for glioblastoma therapies, and imaging methods are essential for initial diagnosis and monitoring the effects of treatments. A team of researchers has developed a combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultramicroscopy 'toolkit'…
http://dlvr.it/KNjHXJ

To address concerns over sexual violence on college campuses, higher education institutions are required to appoint a Title IX Coordinator to investigate incidents, but few are trained to deal with the broad range of offenses the job entails, a study has found.
http://dlvr.it/KNjHMZ

Supposed 'junk' DNA, found in between genes, plays a role in suppressing cancer, according to new research. The human genome contains around three meters of DNA, of which only about two per cent contains genes that code for proteins. Since the sequencing of the complete human genome in 2000,…
http://dlvr.it/KNjH5j

Researchers have focused new research on risk assessments that are necessary when a surgical team is required to remove embedded ordnance that may contain explosive materials.
http://dlvr.it/KNjGy7

People who are risk-takers in their youth also tend to take relatively more risks than their peers as they age, according to an analysis of more than 44,000 German citizens.
http://dlvr.it/KNfkVZ

Researchers have developed a process for altering the ingredients in a sunscreen that does not impact its sun protection factor (SPF), but does allow the body to produce vitamin D, researchers report for the first time.
http://dlvr.it/KNfkPP

While most adolescents with newly identified depression symptoms received some treatment within three months, some of them did not receive any follow-up care and 40 percent of adolescents prescribed antidepressant medication did not have any documented follow-up care for three months, according to…
http://dlvr.it/KNfkFN

The rate of abuse among children and adolescents by individuals in organizations that serve youth, including schools and recreational groups, was small compared with rates of abuse by family members and other adults, according to an article.
http://dlvr.it/KNfk4p

Medication adherence in chronic disease is poor. Can telephone text messaging help with adherence? A new article examines the question in a meta-analysis.
http://dlvr.it/KNfjsw

A drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for melanoma in combination with a common cholesterol-lowering drug may show promise in controlling cancer growth in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/KNf3S8

Many believe that heart health involves strenuous tasks and countless hours at the gym. But just 30 minutes of exercise five out of seven days a week can reduce heart attack risk by up to 50 percent.
http://dlvr.it/KNf3QF

Understanding how the brain folds could help unlock the inner workings of the brain but the process has long remained a mystery. Now, by replicating a folding human brain in 3D, researchers have shown that while many molecular processes are important in determining cellular events, what ultimately…
http://dlvr.it/KNf3Nq

During hysterectomies for non-cancerous conditions, removing both fallopian tubes while keeping the ovaries may help protect against ovarian cancer and preserve hormonal levels, but few women receive this surgical option, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KNdTHB

Articles

75 percent of the vaccine-related posts on Pinterest are negative towards vaccination, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/KNFfL8

A study has found there is no difference in the time it takes people from different countries to read and process different languages.
http://dlvr.it/KNFfL4

For the first time, researchers have treated an animal model of a genetic disorder using a viral vector to deliver genome-editing components in which the disease- causing mutation has been corrected. Delivery of the vector to newborn mice improved their survival while treatment of adult animals,…
http://dlvr.it/KNFfKx

A new study evaluated the relationship between common genetic variants implicated in schizophrenia and those associated with subcortical brain volumes, and found no evidence of genetic overlap between schizophrenia risk and subcortical volume measures.
http://dlvr.it/KNFfKd

Researchers found a way of differentiating angiocentric gliomas from other low-grade pediatric brain tumors and developed a pathological test that will help children avoid unnecessary and potentially damaging additional therapies.
http://dlvr.it/KNFfG3

An estimated one in 68 children in the United States has autism. The neurodevelopmental disorder, which impairs communication and social interaction skills, can be treated with medications and behavioral therapies, though there is no cure. Now, researchers have found that a medication commonly used…
http://dlvr.it/KNFf4W

The maternal diet influences fat and glucose metabolism of offspring through epigenetic alterations, new research shows. As the study shows, a high-fat diet during pregnancy and lactation leads to epigenetic changes in the offspring.
http://dlvr.it/KNFdj4

Scientists show they can use electronic medical records and birth information to verify and strengthen an already suspected link between autistic children and pregnant mothers with obesity and diabetes.
http://dlvr.it/KNF6QD

Female mammals, including humans, may try to outcompete one another by producing bigger babies, ground-breaking research has suggested. A 13-year-long study, the first of its kind to use ultrasound, found that female mongooses respond to reproductive competition by producing bigger pups.
http://dlvr.it/KND23H

A lung health study has helped to determine the prevalence of lung disease among adults in Malawi. The work highlights the extent to which people living in Malawi are exposed to smoke from household burning of biomass (crop residues, wood, charcoal) for their day-to-day cooking needs. Around the…
http://dlvr.it/KND1q3

The micro-environment surrounding cancer cells is just as important as genes in regulating tumor progression. Scientists have therefore examined the biophysical and biochemical cues occurring in the vicinity of cancer cells. This represents a departure from the traditional measurement of secreted…
http://dlvr.it/KND1Y2

ISSUE: Lucy's Weight Loss System of Arlington, TX, is voluntarily recalling all lots of Pink Bikini and Shorts on the Beach Capsules in all colors, 30 count (750MG per capsule) to the consumer level. Pink Bikini and Shorts on the Beach may contain an undeclared active pharmaceutical ingredient.
http://dlvr.it/KNCbzR

A new study has found a steep decline in the number of scholarly papers about basic science published in leading medical journals in the last 20 years.
http://dlvr.it/KNCR90

Companies advertise 'BPA-free' as a safer version of plastic products ranging from water bottles to sippy cups to toys. Yet a new study demonstrates that BPS, a common replacement for BPA, speeds up embryonic development and disrupts the reproductive system. The research is the first to examine the…
http://dlvr.it/KNCR7z

Nearly half of HIV infected patients suffer from impaired neurocognitive function. The HIV protein transactivator of transcription (Tat) is an important contributor to HIV neuropathogenesis because it is a potent neurotoxin that continues to be produced despite treatment with antiretroviral…
http://dlvr.it/KNCR6q

When cardiac stem cells undergo low-intensity pulsed ultrasound treatment, these cells can perform continuing modifications, tissue remodeling and regeneration of damaged cardiac tissue after a heart attack, report researchers.
http://dlvr.it/KNCR5c

Stem cells have been put into plasters and bandages to help heal wounds for the first time, thanks to a newly developed technique. The method of encasing stem cells in an alginate gel made from seaweed makes them practical to use, adaptable and easy to store -- even at room temperature.
http://dlvr.it/KNCR4M

Frequent measurement of blood flow changes could improve the ability of health care providers to diagnose and treat patients with vascular conditions. A research team conducted a pilot study showing that an ultrathin, skin-conforming sensor—resembling a peel-away tattoo—provides non-invasive,…
http://dlvr.it/KNCR32

Sphingosine kinase inhibitors are a new category of drugs that act on specific enzymes involved in sphingolipid metabolism to reduce the formation of a pro-cancer, pro-inflammatory lipid signaling molecule known as sphingosine-1 phosphate (S1P). Preclinical studies showed that a first-in-class…
http://dlvr.it/KNBqLY

A more efficient DNA technology to detect and treat infectious diseases and cancer has been developed by researchers.
http://dlvr.it/KNBGPd

Human blood cells have olfactory receptors that respond to Sandalore. This could provide a starting point for new leukemia therapies, as researchers report.
http://dlvr.it/KNBGPb

A new method of analysis to distinguish between stroke patients with language problem has been developed by a brain researcher. The result may be individualized treatment for each patient.
http://dlvr.it/KNBGPZ

Coordinated specialty care for first episode psychosis is a cost-effective treatment compared to typical community care, say experts. While the team-based coordinated specialty care (CSC) approach has modestly higher costs than typical care, it produces better clinical and quality of life outcomes,…
http://dlvr.it/KNBGPX

As radiation sources used to map disease and attack cancer grow in number and complexity, experts continue to offer the last word on accurate radiation doses. A lab fine-tunes instruments used by clinics to measure radiation doses from X-ray machines, CAT scanners and medical linear accelerators…
http://dlvr.it/KNBGPV

For the first time, researchers describe a model of behavior of a bacterial colony that shows how the colony protects itself against toxic substances, like antibiotics, during the colonization process.
http://dlvr.it/KNBGPS

Articles

A new study showed that incidence and morbidity of many diseases and disorders correlate negatively with frequencies of Rh+ heterozygotes (i.e. the carriers of one copy of the gene for Rh positivity and one copy of the gene for Rh negativity) in the population of individual countries. At the same…
http://dlvr.it/KMlwlq

Building on nearly two decades' worth of research, a multidisciplinary team at Cornell has blazed a new trail by creating a self-assembled, three-dimensional gyroidal superconductor.
http://dlvr.it/KMlwGy

Apolipoprotein E enters the nucleus and binds to promoter region of 1700 genes, report scientists. Seventy-five million Americans are ApoE4 carriers, putting them at increased risk for Alzheimer's disease, and another 7 million carry two copies of ApoE4, giving them an even higher, 10 -- 12 fold…
http://dlvr.it/KMhsLL

Humans have the remarkable ability to integrate information from multiple memories and infer indirect relationships. How does our brain support this important function? Neuroscientists have now shown that rhythmic brain waves, called theta oscillations, engage and synchronize the brain regions that…
http://dlvr.it/KMhs7X

In exciting new research, a team of researchers has demonstrated how it is possible to interface graphene with neuron cells whilst maintaining the integrity of these vital cells. This work was an interdisciplinary collaboration between nanotechnologists, chemists, biophysicists and neurobiologists…
http://dlvr.it/KMV1Vh

Around 10 percent of UK primary care patients prescribed antidepressants for depression or anxiety have undiagnosed bipolar disorder, a study has found.
http://dlvr.it/KMPQrw

Hospitals around the world face pressure from unnecessary acute admissions to the ward from the emergency department. A UK study assesses how to avoid such admissions.
http://dlvr.it/KMPQqn

What spurs creativity? A sociologist studied the teams behind 12,422 video games released worldwide from 1979, when the gaming industry started, to 2009, and found the most innovative teams were built around diverse experiences and knowledge.
http://dlvr.it/KMPQkj

Every year acute renal failure affects over 13 million people and leads to 1.7 million deaths across the globe. It often develops when an insufficient supply of oxygen reaches the kidneys, a condition called ischemia. Researchers have traced one of the causes of ischemia-related renal failure to a…
http://dlvr.it/KMPQPY

Accounting for the effect of sex-specific life history events, such as the onset of puberty in male hominids, on mutation rates can help reconcile mutation-rate-based estimates of the split between chimpanzees and humans with the fossil record, suggesting that the split may have been as recent as…
http://dlvr.it/KMPMnc

A new study analyzes the regions of DNA that switch on gene expression in the notochord, called notochord cis-regulatory modules. The paper presents a systematic analysis of CRMs that share the distinctive property of turning on gene expression in the notochord.
http://dlvr.it/KMPMnZ

Group A Streptococcus remains a global health burden with an estimated 700 million cases reported annually, and more than half a million deaths due to severe infections. A new avenue has been found for the treatment of the pathogen.
http://dlvr.it/KMPMnX

A new study provides an answer for a long-standing scientific puzzle: why don't mice with CF gene mutations develop the life-threatening lung disease that affects most people with CF? The answer to the puzzle identifies a proton pump called ATP12A as a potential target for new CF therapies.
http://dlvr.it/KMPMnT

Using electrodes implanted in the temporal lobes of awake patients, scientists have decoded brain signals at nearly the speed of perception. Further, analysis of patients' neural responses to two categories of visual stimuli -- images of faces and houses -- enabled the scientists to subsequently…
http://dlvr.it/KMPMnR

For the first time, researchers have visualized the origins of cancer from the first affected cell and watched its spread in a live animal. This work could change the way scientists understand melanoma and other cancers and could lead to new, early treatments before the cancer has taken hold.
http://dlvr.it/KMPMgy

A new model shows that the standard practice of treating infections with the highest tolerable dose of anti-microbe medications may not be best for preventing the evolution of drug resistance in all cases.
http://dlvr.it/KMP0Qv

The immune system has built-in tolerance mechanisms that harness itself from responding to benign foreign antigens beneficial to our system, like food. When such tolerance fails, we suffer from an overt immune reaction, such as food allergies, which can be severe enough to be fatal. Now researchers…
http://dlvr.it/KMP0P6

Initial learning and performance at seven weeks led to increase in activation in cortical regions during visualization of the dance being learned when compared to the first week, shows a study on ballet cancers. However, at 34 weeks, it showed reduced activation in comparison to week seven.
http://dlvr.it/KMMqlz

Health care systems and providers need to understand the unique realities of military culture in order to work effectively with veterans and military families, according to the findings of a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KMMqlr

The current issue of Technology and Innovation has articles on the 2015 Patents for Humanity Awards, asbestos exposure during outdoor recreational activities, the phenomenon of academic serial inventors, and a special section on regulatory science with articles on organic vs. conventional foods and…
http://dlvr.it/KMMqld

Exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with a larger waist and poorer cognition in children, researchers say. Researchers looked at passive smoke exposure in 220 overweight or obese 7-11-year-old boys and girls. They found smoke exposure associated with nearly all measures of adiposity in the…
http://dlvr.it/KMMqbY

An international collaborative study has revealed detailed new information about diffuse glioma, the most common type of tumor found in some 80 percent of adult brain cancer patients, raising hopes that better understanding of these disease groups may aid improved clinical outcomes.
http://dlvr.it/KMMqC4

Combined whole exome tumor and blood sequencing in pediatric cancer patients revealed mutations that could help explain the cause of cancer or have the potential to impact clinical cancer care in 40 percent of patients in a recent study.
http://dlvr.it/KMJzgP

A new 'player' in the way certain aggressive cancer cells may reproduce has been identified by researchers. It is hoped that these findings may lead to the identification of new cancer targets and may ultimately lead to new therapeutics.
http://dlvr.it/KMJzg3

Important insights into the biology that underlies glycolysis, the metabolic process that enables cancer cells to generate biomass and energy, have been revealed by new research, confirming the importance of sugar to cancer survival.
http://dlvr.it/KMJzYX

Articles

Initial learning and performance at seven weeks led to increase in activation in cortical regions during visualization of the dance being learned when compared to the first week, shows a study on ballet cancers. However, at 34 weeks, it showed reduced activation in comparison to week seven.
http://dlvr.it/KMMqlz

Health care systems and providers need to understand the unique realities of military culture in order to work effectively with veterans and military families, according to the findings of a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KMMqlr

The current issue of Technology and Innovation has articles on the 2015 Patents for Humanity Awards, asbestos exposure during outdoor recreational activities, the phenomenon of academic serial inventors, and a special section on regulatory science with articles on organic vs. conventional foods and…
http://dlvr.it/KMMqld

Exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with a larger waist and poorer cognition in children, researchers say. Researchers looked at passive smoke exposure in 220 overweight or obese 7-11-year-old boys and girls. They found smoke exposure associated with nearly all measures of adiposity in the…
http://dlvr.it/KMMqbY

An international collaborative study has revealed detailed new information about diffuse glioma, the most common type of tumor found in some 80 percent of adult brain cancer patients, raising hopes that better understanding of these disease groups may aid improved clinical outcomes.
http://dlvr.it/KMMqC4

Combined whole exome tumor and blood sequencing in pediatric cancer patients revealed mutations that could help explain the cause of cancer or have the potential to impact clinical cancer care in 40 percent of patients in a recent study.
http://dlvr.it/KMJzgP

A new 'player' in the way certain aggressive cancer cells may reproduce has been identified by researchers. It is hoped that these findings may lead to the identification of new cancer targets and may ultimately lead to new therapeutics.
http://dlvr.it/KMJzg3

Important insights into the biology that underlies glycolysis, the metabolic process that enables cancer cells to generate biomass and energy, have been revealed by new research, confirming the importance of sugar to cancer survival.
http://dlvr.it/KMJzYX

A pair of studies by a team of scientists has shed new light on the nature of a particular type of DNA sequences -- tandem DNA repeat arrays -- that play important roles in transcription control, genome organization, and development.
http://dlvr.it/KMJzHr

Alternating between different antibiotics could help steer bacterial evolution away from antibiotic resistance. Humans have shaped the evolution of the organisms around us – animals, plants, and even yeast – for thousands of years. Since the early 20th century, we've been unwittingly doing the same…
http://dlvr.it/KM1nXg

Researchers have detected age-dependent alterations in metabolism and gene regulation in middle-aged fruitflies, and show that these effects are linked to a reduction in lifespan, suggests a new report.
http://dlvr.it/KLzNQ7

A previously unknown mechanism has been discovered that is highly conserved between species and which regulates neurogenesis through precise temporal control of the activity of a family of proteins essential for brain development: the proneural proteins. This mechanism, a simple reversible chemical…
http://dlvr.it/KLzNMn

Clinical genomic sequencing is feasible in pediatric oncology and can be used to recommend therapy or pinpoint diagnosis in children with solid tumors, according to the multi-center study.
http://dlvr.it/KLzNHb

Solving a long-standing mystery in cell biology, a team has shown how a key 'relief-valve' in cells keeps cells from taking in too much water and swelling excessively. The mechanism has been tentatively linked to stroke-induced brain damage, diabetes, immune deficiency and even cancer treatment…
http://dlvr.it/KLzNFp

The hormone estrogen alleviates the sleep disruption experienced by zebrafish genetically designed to help understand the biology of autism spectrum disorder, scientists report.
http://dlvr.it/KLzNC0

Reproduction is highly dependent on diet and the ability to use nutrients to grow and generate energy. New work dissects the links between metabolism and the development of eggs and may provide a new understanding of human infertility as well as IVF treatment failures.
http://dlvr.it/KLzN9F

The mechanism used by specialized enzymes to remodel the extremely condensed genetic material in the nucleus of cells in order to control which genes can be used has been discovered. The research reveals that some remodeller enzymes promote gene expression, some repress gene expression, and some…
http://dlvr.it/KLywrx

Negative attitudes to aging affect physical and cognitive health in later years, confirm researchers. These latest findings have important implications for media, policymakers, practitioners and society more generally. Societal attitudes towards aging are predominantly negative. Everyone will grow…
http://dlvr.it/KLywdV

An investigation into the molecular mechanisms responsible for the most common type of benign skin lesion may lead to the first nonsurgical treatment for the growths called seborrheic keratoses, which in addition to being cosmetically unattractive are often worrisome to patients.
http://dlvr.it/KLywdP

For patients with gender dysphoria undergoing male-to-female transformation, a stepwise approach to facial feminization surgery (FFS) leads to good cosmetic outcomes along with psychological, social, and functional benefits, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KLywcp

An online 'pop quiz' researchers developed in 2009 shows promising accuracy in predicting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in young women, although not, apparently, in young men.
http://dlvr.it/KLywZb

For women undergoing breast cancer surgery, a technique called lipofilling—using the patient's own fat cells to optimize the results of breast reconstruction—does not increase the risk of recurrent breast cancer, reports a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KLywSK

Schoolkids who used finger tracing fared better with previously unseen geometry and algebra questions, new research has found. Studies involving 275 Sydney school children aged between nine and 13 found that tracing over elements of maths problems enhanced how they understood and solved problems in…
http://dlvr.it/KLywJW

Researchers are reminding US doctors to watch for two vector-borne and potentially life-threatening diseases that can be passed from mother to child. Though Chagas disease and Leishmaniasis are generally found in other parts of the world, global travel and migration have made the US vulnerable.
http://dlvr.it/KLyvwR

A research team has found a way to assess the viability of 'manufactured' stem cells known as induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). The team's discovery offers a new way to fast-track screening methods used in stem cell research.
http://dlvr.it/KLyY11

Articles

Refugee women who come to Canada have greater risk of giving birth prematurely than non-refugee immigrants, a Canadian study shows. Preterm or premature birth describes infants who are born before 37 weeks of gestation. Risk factors for preterm birth include infections, malnutrition and stress --…
http://dlvr.it/KLx1g9

In a twist of virtual fate, people with the best 3-D vision are also the people most likely to suffer from motion sickness while using virtual reality displays. Researchers demonstrated this irony by playing motion-heavy videos for study participants through the Oculus Rift. Nearly two-thirds of…
http://dlvr.it/KLwYtC

An analysis of 145 different electronic-cigarette flavoring products reveals that many e-cigarette users may be exposed to a potentially harmful chemical, benzaldehyde. The highest concentrations were detected in vapor from cherry-flavored products.
http://dlvr.it/KLwYZR

Weight loss programs that provide healthy fats, such as olive oil in the Mediterranean diet, or a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet have similar impacts on pound-shedding, research shows. More specifically, the researchers report that a meal plan rich in walnuts, which are high in polyunsaturated…
http://dlvr.it/KLvpMR

Children born to obese women with diabetes are more than four times as likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than children of healthy weight mothers without diabetes, new research suggests.
http://dlvr.it/KLvpLm

Super-sharp images from within the human body made through tiny endoscopes have come a step closer to reality thanks to new research efforts. An advanced wavefront shaping method combined with unique optical fibers make it possible to focus lensless light at an unparalleled resolution.
http://dlvr.it/KLvp6J

New research found that while low birth weight was linked to lower income and education levels in four comparable countries, that connection was most persistent in the United States.
http://dlvr.it/KLvGzY

Industry 4.0 requires comprehensive data collection in order to control highly automated process sequences in complex production environments. One example is the cultivation of living cells. But digitalizing and networking biotech production equipment is a huge challenge: relevant standards have…
http://dlvr.it/KLvGmY

Almost 70 percent of uninsured Texans said the high cost of health insurance is the reason they remain uninsured, according to a new report. The report found less than 20 percent of uninsured Texans said they simply don't want health insurance.
http://dlvr.it/KLskyM

People hospitalized due to an encounter with a law enforcement officer are more likely to have a mental illness, have longer hospitalizations, more injuries to the back and spine, and greater need for extended care than those hospitalized due to altercations with other civilians, a new report shows.
http://dlvr.it/KLskxd

Researchers announced that they have essentially stopped the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease, for nearly two years in one type of mouse model used to study the disease -- allowing the mice to approach their normal lifespan. The findings are compelling and…
http://dlvr.it/KLskwD

A combination of proteins that could improve clinical bone restoration, and could lead towards the development of therapeutic treatments for skeletal defects, bone loss and osteoporosis, report researchers. They found that the combination of two proteins, NELL-1 and BMP2, increased bone formation…
http://dlvr.it/KLskZG

Just 1 in 5 children in high-income countries are breastfed to 12 months, whilst only 1 in 3 children in low and middle-income countries are exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months. As a result, millions of children are failing to receive the full benefits provided by breastfeeding. The…
http://dlvr.it/KLskPf

What if polycystic kidney disease (PKD) could be combatted with a strategy as simple as dieting? Such a finding would surely be welcome news to the 12 million people worldwide with the genetic disease. Now researchers say that reducing food intake in mice diminishes the growth of their polycystic…
http://dlvr.it/KLsYc1

Detecting molecular alterations in early breast cancer development is key in the development of more effective cancer prevention and early detection strategies. New research shows clear evidence that DNA changes are already present in the healthy tissue from women with breast cancer.
http://dlvr.it/KLsYSY

Research has revealed subtle brain differences in adult males with autism spectrum disorder, which may go some way towards explaining why symptoms persist into adulthood in some people with the disorder.
http://dlvr.it/KLryw9

A compound found in the natural food additive annatto prevents the formation of cancer cells and skin damage from UV radiation in mice, new research shows. In the future the compound, bixin, may be valuable in the prevention and treatment of human skin cancers.
http://dlvr.it/KLZcDD

For more than a century scientists have recognized 'freezing' as the natural fear response. But in a new study found that female rats often respond to fear by 'darting.' The findings not only raise questions about the veracity of previous studies that rely on freezing to indicate fear, but could…
http://dlvr.it/KLZc1y

An estimated 15 million Americans suffer from food allergies, many of them children. These are non-trivial concerns, as food allergy or intolerance can cause symptoms ranging from a harmless skin rash to a potentially lethal anaphylactic shock. The good news is that many affected children outgrow…
http://dlvr.it/KLXwC8

A group of researchers found that immune cells activated in the mother during severe inflammation produce an immune effector molecule called IL-17 that appears to interfere with brain development.
http://dlvr.it/KLXcLR

One of the most of the most widely used commercial chemicals to kill bedbugs are not effective because the pesky insects have built up a tolerance to them, according to a team of researchers.
http://dlvr.it/KLWjKG

Having overweight parents significantly increases your risk of obesity, but the inheritance of specific mutations can't always explain why this is the case. In a study, researchers show that differences in gene expression (epigenetics) play a key role in determining one's predisposition to obesity.…
http://dlvr.it/KLV35L

The mechanism that allows individual bats to avoid noise overlap by increasing the volume, duration and repetition rate of their signals has been uncovered by a new study. Unlocking the mystery of bat echo recognition may offer a valuable insight into military and civilian radar systems, which are…
http://dlvr.it/KLV35K

The human brain uses several frequency bands for the flow of information between lower and higher areas, report scientists, who have demonstrated that the visual cortex of human subjects uses different frequency channels depending on the direction in which information is being transported. These…
http://dlvr.it/KLV35F

An international consortium identifies and validates cellular role of priority Parkinson's disease drug target, LRRK2 kinase, in a new study, illuminating a novel route for therapeutic development and intervention testing for Parkinson's, the second most common neurodegenerative disease after…
http://dlvr.it/KLV353

Articles

What bones are to bodies, the cytoskeleton is to cells. The cytoskeleton maintains cellular structure, builds appendages like flagella and, together with motor proteins, powers cellular movement, transport, and division. Microtubules are a critical component of the cytoskeleton, vital for cell…
http://dlvr.it/KLS8JF

A new technique offers potential to reconnect neurons of people with central nervous system damage.
http://dlvr.it/KLS82M

A new study reports that adolescents chronically victimized during at least two school years, are about five times more at risk of thinking about suicide and six times more at risk of attempting suicide at 15 years compared to those who were never victimized. Peer victimization includes actions…
http://dlvr.it/KLRJrt

Material can be used to treat damaged blood vessels or to make medical devices with intrinsic healing properties, which could reduce tissue scarring, report researchers.
http://dlvr.it/KLQhK1

Removal of a gene protected mice against arterial disease, and they stayed lean even when they ate more. The phenomenon underlying this beneficial phenotype is more active brown adipose tissue, a new study has found.
http://dlvr.it/KLQhJm

An immunotherapy that until now has only been available to patients enrolled in research studies, is equivalent to the product that has been manufactured for commercial use and can be made available to all patients, say researchers.
http://dlvr.it/KLQhDz

In HIV-infected patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART), ongoing HIV replication in lymphoid tissues such as the lymph nodes helps maintain stores, or reservoirs, of the virus, a new study suggests. A better understanding of how HIV persists in the body is essential for developing…
http://dlvr.it/KLQgx2

Women who take antidepressants during pregnancy do not appear to be at greater risk of giving birth to children with congenital heart defects compared to women who are not exposed to the drugs, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/KLQgjc

A surprising statistical regularity has been found in how a variety of genetic and environmental factors affect the life span of the C. elegans worm. These findings suggest that aging does not have a single discrete molecular cause but is rather a systemic process involving many components within a…
http://dlvr.it/KLQgh2

A team of scientists mined the epigenome to discover the likely cell of origin for Group 4 medulloblastoma, a key step in developing targeted therapies. Medulloblastoma occurs in infants, children and adults, but it is the most common malignant pediatric brain tumor.
http://dlvr.it/KLQ5my

Consuming soy regularly may protect women who are undergoing infertility treatments from poor success rates linked to bisphenol A exposure, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KLQ5mY

The World Health Organization's Director-General should convene 'urgently' a meeting of International Health Regulations' Emergency Committee to advise on the emerging Zika pandemic and galvanize global action, say two American experts.
http://dlvr.it/KLQ5bT

More than 5 million people in the United States suffer from heart failure, and less than half of those with heart failure live five years after diagnosis. New research findings suggest a new approach to treat early heart failure, providing fresh molecular insight into heart failure and may…
http://dlvr.it/KLQ5DS

For rats, which use their whiskers to feel out their surroundings at night, clumps of nerve endings called mechanoreceptors located at the base of each whisker act as tiny calculators, new research demonstrates.
http://dlvr.it/KLPg5p

A smartphone app containing motivational videos developed to help married rural women in India better understand contraceptive choices led to a dramatic increase in the number of women using modern family planning methods in just a few months, new research suggests.
http://dlvr.it/KLPg5T

The effects of one or more antithrombotic (anti-clotting) drugs could more easily be determined through the use of a new analysis system, report researchers. Myocardial infarction, arrhythmia (atrial fibrillation), cerebral infarction and economy-class syndrome all have one thing in common: they…
http://dlvr.it/KLPg4s

In a study of more than 1.3 million members in Northern California that stretched over 10 years, researchers found that blacks, Latinos and Asians generally had lower risk of coronary heart disease compared to whites.
http://dlvr.it/KLPfnD

Understanding and integrating patients' cultural beliefs into cancer treatment plans may help improve their acceptance of and adherence to treatment in multicultural settings. Researchers examined traditional Maya healers' understanding of cancer in a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KLPfH3

As patients in desperate need of a liver transplant lay waiting, many livers that might give them a new life go unused by centers across America, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/KLPfCQ

Older people with higher amounts of a key protein in their brains also had slower decline in their memory and thinking abilities than people with lower amounts of protein from the gene called brain-derived neurotrophic factor, or BDNF, according to a study.
http://dlvr.it/KLNzqW

New pediatric programs report an increase school readiness in children of low-income families.
http://dlvr.it/KLNzqM

Scientists have used a new gene-editing technology called CRISPR, to repair a genetic mutation responsible for retinitis pigmentosa (RP), an inherited condition that causes the retina to degrade and leads to blindness in at least 1.5 million cases worldwide.
http://dlvr.it/KLNzq4

Ultrasonic sensors, batteries, and pressure pads are parts of the novel system that can be put on the head like a hat or headband. Decreasing or increasing pressure provides the person wearing the hat with information on the proximity of walls, passages or objects. The system, called proximity hat,…
http://dlvr.it/KLNzpr

Scientists have pinpointed the cells that are likely to trigger common brain disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Multiple Sclerosis and intellectual disabilities. The findings offer a roadmap for the development of new therapies to target the conditions.
http://dlvr.it/KLNzpH

In recent decades, the United States has seen a dramatic increase in opioid prescribing for chronic pain. That growth has been associated with increasing misuse of these medications, leading to alarming increases in unintentional opioid overdose deaths. In a new article, an expert recommends that…
http://dlvr.it/KLNzlx

Articles

Four factors -- medical complications at birth, maternal education, early motor assessments, and early cognitive assessments -- help predict later cognitive function and motor performance for children born early and at a very low birth weight, finds a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KKygHQ

More than 1 in 20 (nearly 3.3 million) children between the ages of 3 and 17 have a dizziness or balance problem, according to an analysis of the first large-scale, nationally representative survey of these problems in US children. Researchers found that prevalence increases with age, and girls…
http://dlvr.it/KKygGM

Effective treatment for depression could go a long way toward improving health status and even preventing death among older adults who also have diabetes, according to a new report.
http://dlvr.it/KKy35N

RNA sequencing is uncovering emerging diseases in wildlife that other diagnostic tests cannot detect. Researchers used a technique called transcriptome sequencing to screen for blood-borne diseases in Madagascar's lemurs, distant primate cousins to humans. The animals were found to be carrying…
http://dlvr.it/KKy6VH

Brain tumors can be rapidly and accurately profiled with a next-generation, gene-sequencing test recently developed. The test, called GlioSeq, is now being used by oncologists to help guide treatment planning of brain cancers.
http://dlvr.it/KKy3t2

According to an epidemiological study, increasing the money you spend on food is linked to a better quality diet, particularly increased consumption of fruit and vegetables, leading to a healthier weight and decreased risk of cardiometabolic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular…
http://dlvr.it/KKy8CR

A group of scientists has created a neural network based on polymeric memristors -- devices that can potentially be used to build fundamentally new computers. These developments will primarily help in creating technologies for machine vision, hearing, and other machine sensory systems, and also for…
http://dlvr.it/KKy3qJ

A new prognostic biomarker has been identified by researchers: the neuropeptide pro-NPY, which may help determine the risk of dying from prostate cancer. This particular type of protein is very specific to prostate cancer cells and could help identify whether newly diagnosed patients require…
http://dlvr.it/KKy57m

Neuroscientists have investigated the effects of stress on the perception of scenes and faces. In a behavioral study, they compared the results of stressed participants with those of an unstressed control group. They were able to show that stress inhibits the perception of complex spatial…
http://dlvr.it/KKy9WP

It is the disappearance of a glycolipid from the bacterial cell envelope during evolution that may have considerably increased the virulence of tuberculosis bacilli in humans. Scientists have shown that this disappearance modified the surface properties of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, favoring its…
http://dlvr.it/KKy34c

The safety of propranolol therapy in treating infantile hemangioma, a vascular tumor characterized by rapid growth during the first weeks of life, has been the focus of recent study. Severe forms require systemic therapy. Propranolol, a beta blocker, induces regression, but safety data have been…
http://dlvr.it/KKxY2F

Diabetic neuropathy is the leading cause of amputation due to foot ulcers, costing the U.S. alone more than $10 billion annually. Now, students have developed SenseGO, a machine-washable sock containing dozens of micro-fabricated pressure sensors. Changes in pressure are registered as electrical…
http://dlvr.it/KKx9sS

Children born into smaller families in the world's poorest nations will live an expected three years longer than those born into larger families, new research suggests.
http://dlvr.it/KKx6lD

Two randomized trials examine if vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy would reduce the risk of asthma or persistent wheezing in offspring. Asthma often begins in early childhood and is the most common chronic childhood disorder. The incidence has increased during the last half-century in…
http://dlvr.it/KKx6PP

The US Preventive Services Task Force is recommending screening for depression in the general adult population, including pregnant and postpartum women, and that screening should be implemented with adequate systems in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate…
http://dlvr.it/KKx85m

The brains of children who are obese function differently from those of children of healthy weight, and exhibit an "imbalance" between food-seeking and food-avoiding behaviors, researchers have found. Because of this, mindfulness, a practice used as a therapeutic technique to focus awareness,…
http://dlvr.it/KKx4vl

House moves or a change of job provide an idea 'window of opportunity' to promote more sustainable behaviors, according to a new psychology study.
http://dlvr.it/KKwbTD

A study sheds new light on multiple sclerosis, specifically damage in the brain caused by the disease that may explain the slow and continuous cognitive decline that many patients experience. The findings show that the brain's immune system is responsible for disrupting communication between nerve…
http://dlvr.it/KKwZdt

A new class of small-molecule compounds has been discovered that researchers say are good candidates for development of novel targeted therapies in the treatment of leukemia and lymphoma. This new class of compounds drives cancer cells to suicide, the researchers report.
http://dlvr.it/KKvpjB

Documenting that it's never too late to quit smoking, a large study of breast cancer survivors has found that those who quit smoking after their diagnosis had a 33 percent lower risk of death as a result of breast cancer than those who continued to smoke.
http://dlvr.it/KKvttY

Oral immunotherapy for peanut allergy induces early, distinct changes in immune T-cell populations that potentially may help researchers determine which people will respond well to the therapy and which immune mechanisms are involved in the response, a new study suggests.
http://dlvr.it/KKvstb

Researchers have re-engineered a fluorescent probe into a powerful optogenetic photosensitizer that can be used to manipulate cells. The technology could help researchers better understand the role certain cells and proteins play in everyday function and disease, and could possibly be used as a…
http://dlvr.it/KKvpHW

Scientists have shown that complex human brain activity is governed by the same simple universal rule of nature that can explain other phenomena such as the beautiful sound of a finely crafted violin or the spots on a leopard. They have identified a link between the distinctive patterns of brain…
http://dlvr.it/KKvCSm

Researchers have located an important region for the visual processing of numbers in the human brain and showed that it is active in both hemispheres. The scientists published high resolution magnetic resonance recordings of this region.
http://dlvr.it/KKthSg

Osteoporosis may have its origins in early life, but the consequences are not apparent until late adult life, report researchers. Osteoporosis is primarily characterized by a depletion of bone mineral mass, but when combined with alterations in bone architecture results in greater bone fragility…
http://dlvr.it/KKtlgh

Articles

Food imported into the United States from countries with low GDP poses higher safety risks, suggesting the need for food safety management reforms, according to a new analysis of federal import violations data.
http://dlvr.it/KKTcnm

Spouses ideally could play a key role in helping patients lose pounds and keep them off after weight-loss surgery, but being married might actually work against patients, researchers have found. The researchers concluded that the impact of weight-loss surgery extends to his or her romantic…
http://dlvr.it/KKTShJ

Stopping disruptions in cellular "trash removal" brought on by errors in molecular marks on DNA may guard against neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's.
http://dlvr.it/KKT10d

Psychosocial interventions, used together with effective medications, are a key part of recommended treatment for opioid addiction. But while research generally supports the effectiveness of psychosocial treatments, there are major gaps in the evidence on their use in conjunction with medications,…
http://dlvr.it/KKT4Hh

Computer modeling technologies are being developed to help engineers design better machines. The models are being applied to wind turbines, artificial hearts and gas turbines.
http://dlvr.it/KKT4yd

Even subtle differences in how you refer to people with mental illness can affect levels of tolerance, a new study has found. In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers found that participants showed less tolerance toward people who were referred to as "the mentally ill" when compared to those…
http://dlvr.it/KKT3xh

Children diagnosed with osteosarcoma may be impacted by a DNA imprinting defect also found in parents, according to new research. DNA imprinting is a phenomenon in which just one of the two inherited genes is active while the other is present but inactive.
http://dlvr.it/KKT56f

Young adults who spend a lot of time on social media during the day or check it frequently throughout the week are more likely to suffer sleep disturbance than their peers who use social media less, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/KKT6cd

A soy isoflavone derivative that goes by the scientific moniker, (S)-equol, has proven potent for mitigating menopausal symptoms. However, it has been impossible to produce in quantities sufficient for widespread commercial nutraceutical production. But now, a team of researchers reports having…
http://dlvr.it/KKT5dX

A new procedure improves the accuracy of axillary staging and pathologic evaluation in clinically node-positive breast cancer, and reduces the need for a more invasive procedure with debilitating complications.
http://dlvr.it/KKSYjf

Up to now Alzheimer's disease has not been recognized as transmissible. Now researchers have demonstrated Alzheimer-type pathology in brains of recipients of dura mater grafts who died later from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
http://dlvr.it/KKS7kL

Medical provider training, new clinic policies and efforts to 'taper' opioid use for pain treatment could significantly reduce the level of opioid medication that patients used -- a limited but positive step for a nation enmeshed in opioid use, abuse and overdose deaths.
http://dlvr.it/KKS0rY

While cigarette smoking rates have declined among younger people in the United States, those who do smoke are more likely to have a psychiatric or substance use disorder compared with those who began smoking in earlier decades, new research indicates.
http://dlvr.it/KKS7YM

Married couples in low- and middle-income countries around the world that use contraception are having more frequent sexual intercourse than those that do not, new research suggests.
http://dlvr.it/KKS70n

Teens' experiences with violence -- either through fear of violence, observing violent events, or being victims of violence themselves -- are associated with how likely they are to have sex and use condoms, new research suggests.
http://dlvr.it/KKS6xh

Two home visits by a physician's assistant (PA) during the week after hospital discharge significantly reduces the chance that a heart surgery patient will be readmitted, and reduces overall costs associated with the heart surgery, a new study demonstrates.
http://dlvr.it/KKS7Y0

Viruses can be classified in a completely new way based on viral structures, new research suggests. A better understanding of how viruses work can help open up new applications for viruses in the field of synthetic biology, for instance.
http://dlvr.it/KKS38W

Researchers have obtained the first 3D structure of uromodulin, the building block of the unique safety net that constantly protects our urinary tract against bacterial infections. Uromodulin also plays a part in certain chronic diseases of the kidney. By analyzing the structure of uromodulin, the…
http://dlvr.it/KKS3r1

The protein ?-synuclein plays an important role in Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases. Although a considerable amount is known about the structure of the protein within the Parkinson's-typical amyloid deposits, nothing was known about its original state in the healthy cell up to now.…
http://dlvr.it/KKS5TZ

Scientists have linked increased resistance of hemagglutinin protein to acidic pH with emergence of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic flu virus; the finding may help spot future pandemic viruses.
http://dlvr.it/KKS2Fp

An epilepsy drug could lead to a new treatment that protects nerve damage in MS patients, according to research. Scientists have found that the anti-convulsant drug phenytoin protected neural tissue in patients with optic neuritis. Optic neuritis is a symptom of MS which causes the nerves carrying…
http://dlvr.it/KKQBQQ

You wouldn't think that two Turkish children, some yeast and a bunch of Hungarian fruit flies could teach scientists much. But in fact, that unlikely combination has just helped an international team make a key discovery about how the brain's 'garbage disposal' process works -- and how little needs…
http://dlvr.it/KKQDC7

We have all seen messages from the 'food police' telling us that sugary snacks are bad. But is it possible that seeing these messages actually make us more likely to eat sugary snacks? Researchers find that these messages backfire among dieters. Dieters ate 39 percent more cookies after seeing a…
http://dlvr.it/KKQ3nY

A wide range of compounds is on the market to ameliorate depressive symptoms, however their efficiency is achieved only after long periods of treatment and not in 100 percent of patients. Researchers identified early cellular changes in the brain for the emergence of depressive symptoms, and a…
http://dlvr.it/KKQ35j

In a move that slashes 90 percent of the cost of mass-producing metastatic microtumors and therapeutic microtissues for screening and research, bioengineers have adapted techniques from the open-source 'maker' movement to reprogram a commercial laser cutter to etch up to 50,000 tiny 'microwells'…
http://dlvr.it/KKQ2GR

Articles

Evolution likes to borrow. It can take an already-successful biological structure and alter it until it serves a new function. Two independent groups studying the proteins that organize gut microvilli now suspect that this may have been the case in the development of inner ear hair cell…
http://dlvr.it/KK0jtt

A molecule that interrupts biochemical signals essential for the survival of a certain type of cancer stem cell has been discovered by researchers.
http://dlvr.it/KK0mxn

Helmet-wearing could increase risk-taking, a new study suggests. The latest findings call into question the effectiveness of certain safety advice, notably in relation to helmets for various leisure activities, including for cycling. But, the researchers suggest, the conclusions have wider-reaching…
http://dlvr.it/KK0nZ7

Sugar's sweetness and calorie content combine to give it lethal power to destroy diets, many scientists have assumed. However, a new study suggests that the brain responds to taste and calorie counts in fundamentally different ways. And only one of these responses explains why most New Years'…
http://dlvr.it/KK0n2J

Neurons communicate with one another by synaptic connections, where information is exchanged from one neuron to its neighbor. These connections are not static, but are continuously modulated in response to the ongoing activity (or experience) of the neuron. This process, known as synaptic…
http://dlvr.it/KK0mmR

The new mechanism of an antitumor action has been identified by researchers who have described it in a new article.
http://dlvr.it/KK0nY7

10 new genes associated with the autoimmune disease lupus have been identified by researchers. One gene in particular, known as GTF2I, showed a high likelihood of being involved in the development of lupus, say scientists.
http://dlvr.it/KK0KRv

The finding of how immune-system regulatory T cells maintain their integrity during their critical role in modulating the immune system could lead to new immune therapies for cancer.
http://dlvr.it/KJzp7k

When compared with their heterosexual peers, sexual-minority youth score lower on key indicators of positive youth development -- and those disparities may be due in part to more bullying of these adolescents, researchers have found.
http://dlvr.it/KJynL3

A team of scientists has uncovered greater intricacy in protein signaling than was previously understood, shedding new light on the nature of genetic production.
http://dlvr.it/KJykbl

The role of 'professional love' in early years settings is being studied by researchers. An anonymous survey explored how early years workers felt about 'loving' the children in their care. While the majority of practitioners believe showing affection to the children in their care is important,…
http://dlvr.it/KJymSW

Entrepreneurs statistically fail more often than not, but new research suggests that the financial risk is not as great as previously thought, as failed entrepreneurs can return to the salaried workforce and recover their earnings quickly.
http://dlvr.it/KJyZ3l

An international team of researchers has uncovered new information about the Black Death in Europe and its descendants, suggesting it persisted on the continent over four centuries, re-emerging to kill hundreds of thousands in Europe in separate, devastating waves.
http://dlvr.it/KJyYQd

Teens without homes, many of whom have suffered at the hands of those entrusted with providing them care and kindness, often refuse to seek warmth and nourishment at shelters. But there's new evidence that drop-in centers -- safe havens with fewer rules and no older adults -- could open doors to…
http://dlvr.it/KJyc6x

A team of researchers has for the first time published a detailed description of a protein linked to many types of cancer. The lab-based study provides a new opportunity for scientists to develop drugs to target this protein.
http://dlvr.it/KJyf6d

Children and adolescents with high functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder can learn how to cope better in the social world and also achieve a lasting effect. Social difficulties are one of the main problems for children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder, say researchers.
http://dlvr.it/KJyYTw

A small silicon structure that look like fossil trilobites has been developed. It is designed to separate blood cells and filter minute particles from waste water and brines, say scientists.
http://dlvr.it/KJy1J1

Pre-eclampsia is a serious illness associated with pregnancy, which develops after twenty weeks and is associated with defective ingrowing of the placenta within the mother. The dangerous illness is both the second most frequent cause of death in pregnant women, and the reason for severe…
http://dlvr.it/KJy563

The onset of cardiac failure after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a serious problem throughout the world. Researchers have now clarified that the cell adhesion inhibition of periostin1 damages myocardinal cells, inducing compromised cardiac myocyte contractile force and myocytes death,…
http://dlvr.it/KJy0Mn

Improved universal healthcare is urgently needed to lower catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) for low-income tuberculosis (TB) patients in China, according to a study. Expanding universal healthcare could reduce the numbers of people affected by CHE.
http://dlvr.it/KJy2Gd

Playground equipment should be monitored more regularly to ensure toxic metals contained within paints do not present a danger to public and child health, a study recommends.
http://dlvr.it/KJxzWm

New research has revealed the importance of a circadian body clock that matches the rotational speed of the Earth.
http://dlvr.it/KJx68l

In what is believed to be the biggest study of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) -- also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) -- in children to date, researchers have found that almost 2 per cent of 16-year-olds participating in children of the 90s have CFS lasting more than six months and nearly 3…
http://dlvr.it/KJx5JR

A well-known songbird, the great tit, has revealed its genetic code, offering researchers new insight into how species adapt to a changing planet. Their initial findings suggest that epigenetics -- what's on rather than what's in the gene -- may play a key role in the evolution of memory and…
http://dlvr.it/KJx15Y

Nearly 15 percent of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer were younger than 50, the age at which screening recommendations begin.
http://dlvr.it/KJx5cK

Articles

by Egle Marija Ramanauskaite Maybe you're finding it hard to stick to that New Year's resolution of making it to the gym every week. How about trying something easier instead? Like changing the world for example, by helping cure Alzheimer's – one of the most devastating diseases that we face today.…
http://dlvr.it/DMRz3V

Scientists have demonstrated that the issue of missing data can be successfully overcome using appropriate statistical methods, and as a result, they were able to show how early initiation of ART in infants allows the infant's immune system to be properly reconstructed.
http://dlvr.it/DML1yM

A new study has found that Vitamin B12 levels in the brain are significantly decreased in the elderly and are much lower in individuals with autism or schizophrenia, as compared to their peers at similar ages.
http://dlvr.it/DML53f

A new study is providing new evidence that the vast majority of babies who are born with severe brain damage are not the result of mismanaged deliveries.
http://dlvr.it/DML3WS

In the world of American football, there is a stigma that players need to increase their overall body size to make an impact on the field. But, new research from a movement science professor suggests that being bigger doesn't mean being better -- or healthier. Exercise scientists set out to…
http://dlvr.it/DML2Rf

A team of biologists and biomedical researchers has developed a new method to determine if bacteria are susceptible to antibiotics within a few hours, an advance that could slow the appearance of drug resistance and allow doctors to more rapidly identify the appropriate treatment for patients with…
http://dlvr.it/DMKPg3

The most commonly mutated gene in cancer, p53, works to prevent tumor formation by keeping mobile elements in check that otherwise lead to genomic instability, researchers have found.
http://dlvr.it/DMKSLr

High school students perform better on tests if they are in a classroom with a view of a green landscape, rather than a windowless room or a room with a view of built space, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/DMKQ22

A diet rich in fiber may not only protect against diabetes and heart disease, it may reduce the risk of developing lung disease, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/DMKQK1

Opioids may help some patients suffering neuropathic pain, but do not help with mobility and function, according to researchers.
http://dlvr.it/DMKQhr

Cancer is caused by the growth of an abnormal cell which harbours DNA mutations. A few years ago, scientists have identified an important mutagen which lies in our own cells: APOBEC, a protein that usually functions as protecting agent against viral infection. Today geneticist have deciphered how…
http://dlvr.it/DMKS11

Women who take estrogen supplements from before or at the start of menopause and continue with them for a few years have better preserved brain structure, which may reduce the risk of dementia.
http://dlvr.it/DMKRLL

Bowel cancer is more likely to be diagnosed at the earliest stage if it is picked up by screening, according to new figures.
http://dlvr.it/DMJw03

Using the latest connected-health technology, research indicates that the more often people engage with digital weighing scales, the more weight they lose.
http://dlvr.it/DM8HTP

Should unqualified practitioners be trained to deliver basic patient care to alleviate India's doctor shortage, asks a special report.
http://dlvr.it/DM8GKL

Nurses' workload reduced with the use of this low-cost sensor, while increasing their productivity by 30%; also significantly decreasing the complications of drug infusion via IV therapy.
http://dlvr.it/DM82c6

Scientists have discovered a new molecule which could help better target and kick-start the body's natural fight against common infections like influenza.
http://dlvr.it/DM7w54

Human stem cells that are capable of becoming any other kind of cell in the body have previously only been acquired and cultivated with difficulty. Scientists have now presented details of a method to detect such pluripotent cells in a cell culture and preserve them in the laboratory.
http://dlvr.it/DM3QlC

A powerful new machine-learning technique can be applied to large datasets in the biological sciences to uncover previously unknown features of organisms and their genes. For example, the technique learned the characteristic gene-expression patterns that appear when a bacterial pathogen is exposed…
http://dlvr.it/DM3PnY

Dr. Claire Fraser's NIH lecture on the functional dynamics of the gut microbiome in health and disease is now available online. In her talk, Dr. Fraser focused on the intriguing possibility that the gut microbiota may play an important role in response to vaccines and susceptibility to enteric…
http://dlvr.it/DM34M3

Scientists have developed a new viral tool that dramatically expands scientists' ability to probe the activity and circuitry of brain cells, or neurons, in the mouse brain. These findings highlight an innovative feat of molecular engineering that allows the creation of a more complete map of the…
http://dlvr.it/DM2sJl

The immune system must protect against potential infections, but over-vigilant reactions can cause problems. New research shows that neurons in the intestine send signals to immune cells to curb inflammation.
http://dlvr.it/DM256C

A research team has now discovered how human macrophages can divide and self-renew almost indefinitely. As the researchers show in their new report, the macrophages achieve this by activating a gene network similar to one found in embryonic stem cells. The findings could provide new directions in…
http://dlvr.it/DM1ZZc

Children who still have moderate to severe post-operative pain one month after a surgical procedure are at risk for deterioration of their health-related quality of life, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/DM1ZfG

Migraine headaches heat up as women approach menopause, according to a new study. The risk for high frequency headache, or more than 10 days with headache per month, increased by 60 percent in middle-aged women with migraine during the perimenopause -- the transitional period into menopause marked…
http://dlvr.it/DM1gVK

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