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How can public opinion be influenced in favor of climate protection? A political scientist explored the question in a recent study. His sobering answer is that there is no magic formula.

A high ratio of two types of immune system cell is linked to an increased risk of disease recurrence after a diagnosis of early stage breast cancer, finds the first study of its kind.

Imagine that the next time your doctor orders a round of tests, in addition to cholesterol and vitamin D, she also orders a genome sequence. It sounds like science fiction, but the day might come sooner than you think.

A report has reviewed the most effective ways to treat and prevent burnout and work-related stress, and revealed organizational interventions in the workplace may be more effective than individual interventions alone.

Bacterially speaking, it gets very crowded in the human gut, with trillions of cells jostling for a position to carry out a host of specialized and often crucial tasks. A new study suggests these "friendly" bacteria aggressively stake out their territory, injecting lethal toxins into any other…

The combination of low aerobic capacity and low muscle strength at age 18 is associated with a three times greater risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes in adulthood, according to new research.

Researchers conducted a randomized trial of informative letters aimed at suspected inappropriate prescribers of addictive substances like opioids and amphetamines. Top prescribers of these substances were identified and sent a letter informing them of their high prescribing rate. The investigators…

Researchers have devised a cell-based model of the human placenta that could help explain how pathogens that cause birth defects, such as Zika virus, cross from mother to unborn child.

There's no known cure for the common cold, but receiving multiple tattoos can strengthen your immunological responses, potentially making you heartier in fighting off common infections, according to research. However, receiving a single tattoo can, at least temporarily, lower your resistance.

An estimated 2.3 million people living with HIV are co-infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) globally, a new study has found. Very little was known about the extent of HIV/HCV coinfection prior to this study, which was the first global study of its kind.

A current focus for policy-makers is to reduce antibiotic use in livestock to curb the spread of drug-resistant bugs. New findings show that traffic from humans to animals, and back to humans via the environment, should be a new focus for research.

Antibiotics have proven to be a valuable weapon in the fight against infectious bacteria. However, due to the excess use of antibiotics in conventional treatments, overtime antibiotics have become less effective. Now a Korean industry-academic collaborative group has recently developed an…

Individuals in their 60s who give advice to a broad range of people tend to see their lives as especially meaningful, new research indicates. At the same time, this happens to be the age when opportunities for dispensing advice become increasingly scarce.

Exercising is more effective than food restriction in helping limit daily calorie consumption, new research shows. The findings contradict previous studies that suggest exercise makes people -- in particular women -- eat more. They also show the response of the hormones ghrelin and peptide YY to…

The role of a receptor in the body that could help to prevent or reduce the effects of asthma attacks has been examined by an international team of researchers. The team examined the role in the body of nociceptin, a peptide that activates the nociceptin receptor, better known for its association…

A research team was able to demonstrate that a therapy change in the area of metastasizing renal cell carcinoma significantly increases the life average expectancy and clearly improves the compatibility of the therapy. The extent of the influence of the administration rhythm of Sunitinib, an…

A surgeon who operates on esophageal cancer must have performed 60 operations to prevent any lack of experience adversely affecting the long-term survival of the patients, according to a major Swedish cohort study. The finding has potential significance for clinical practice.

The global spread of an ancient group of retroviruses that affected about 28 of 50 modern mammals' ancestors some 15 to 30 million years ago has been revealed by a team of scientists.

A move to promote less invasive surgeries for women with severe gynecological problems has sped up patient recovery, led to fewer complications and saved the hospital money, according to a study.

Fetal growth may be impacted by low levels of arsenic that pregnant women consume in drinking water and food, a study finds. Arsenic, which can contaminate our food and water supply, is a common metalloid on Earth's crust that is used for industrial purposes.

Researchers have developed a nanoparticle technology that can be used to stabilize membrane proteins so that their structure can be studied in a lipid environment. The method makes it possible to access drug targets that previously could not be investigated and therefore potentially allows for the…

Two new discoveries have been made with regard to the beta cells' ability to release insulin. The findings can also provide a possible explanation as to why smokers have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

Bringing three powerful chemical groups together offers new possibilities in drug development.

The most common cause of strokes in children and young adults is sometimes left untreated, but a sweeping new study strongly suggests that is generally a mistake.

Playing 'brain-training' video games may help improve some cognitive abilities of people with multiple sclerosis by strengthening neural connections in an important part of their brains, according to a new study.

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