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A novel mechanism has been found that could protect the brain from damage due to stroke and a variety of neurodegenerative conditions, including sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease, report scientists.
http://dlvr.it/Kjk7nK

A cellular program that causes aging can also bring unexpected benefits in the function of pancreatic beta cells and the production of insulin in mice and humans, new research shows.
http://dlvr.it/Kjk7nC

Even a short break from certain kinds of makeup, shampoos and lotions can lead to a significant drop in levels of hormone-disrupting chemicals in the body, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/Kjk7my

A new single-cell genomics method helps determine T-cell receptor sequences and extrapolate their response to disease. The technique will help research into immune response, autoimmune disease, cancer and vaccination. Uptake enables sequencing-based understanding of which T-cell receptors recognize…
http://dlvr.it/Kjk7l8

90 percent of the population are at risk to develop a skin cancer, called basal cell carcinoma, one day. Although common, this cancer is rarely fatal and has until now been little studied. But geneticists sequenced the DNA of these skin tumors, in order to determine the genes that are responsible…
http://dlvr.it/Kjk7bj

Researchers have developed a new way of growing realistic human tissues outside the body. Their 'person-on-a-chip' technology, called AngioChip, is a powerful platform for discovering and testing new drugs, and could eventually be used to repair or replace damaged organs.
http://dlvr.it/Kjk7QW

The HOSPITAL score, an acronym created to identify the variables associated with hospital readmissions, successfully predicted patients at high risk of a 30-day potentially avoidable readmission, an international, multicenter study has found. Researchers believe this score may help easily identify…
http://dlvr.it/Kjk75J

Using a new approach, scientists have discovered a novel drug candidate that could be used to treat certain types of breast cancer, lung cancer and melanoma.
http://dlvr.it/Kjj4F2

Babies at risk of a serious lung infection could be helped by a therapy based on the body's natural immune defenses. Scientists have found that a compound produced by the body's immune system can kill the virus that causes the disease -- known as respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV.
http://dlvr.it/Kjj424

New mothers who suffer from depression and other psychiatric disorders face a heightened risk of taking their own lives during the first year after they give birth, a new study shows. The study, which runs counter to conventional wisdom of motherhood as a state of unmitigated bliss, is based on one…
http://dlvr.it/Kjj3dd

The genome of a slowly evolving fish, the spotted gar, is so much like both zebrafish and humans that it can be used as a bridge species that could open a pathway to important advancements in biomedical research focused on human diseases.
http://dlvr.it/Kjj3HP

Like an albatross scanning for pods of squid in a vast ocean, molecules on solid surfaces move in an intermittent search pattern that provides maximum efficiency, according to new research. While this behavior had been proposed theoretically, these researchers have made the first experimental…
http://dlvr.it/KjhVZc

Many viral diseases tend to become chronic -- including infections with the HI virus. In persons affected, the immune response is not sufficient to eliminate the virus permanently. Scientists have now identified an immune factor which is partially responsible for this. Their results give rise to…
http://dlvr.it/KjhVWr

A new link between high levels of certain amino acids and type 2 diabetes has been found by a team of scientists, using mouse and human muscle and blood samples to evaluate the mechanisms that lead to insulin resistance.
http://dlvr.it/KjhVHQ

Researchers show once and for all that liposomes cannot function as carriers transporting active agents into the skin. The research group is the first in the world to use a special microscope, called a nanoscope, to study the skin. With this technique it is possible to directly see the individual…
http://dlvr.it/KjhTwm

Antibiotics do not easily eradicate the gut bacteria Escherichia coli, as some bacteria survive treatment in a dormant state. Once treatment is stopped, these dormant cells can become active again and recolonize the body. Researchers have shown that the more frequently bacteria receive antibiotics,…
http://dlvr.it/Kjh0jT

Gene regulatory mechanisms have been uncovered that can explain how known genetic variants influence prostate cancer risk. The findings reveal widespread deregulation of androgen receptor function, a key player in prostate cancer.
http://dlvr.it/Kjh0gF

Analyzing the immediate neighborhood surroundings of teenaged homicide victims, Philadelphia researchers found that neglected conditions -- vacant lots, poor street lighting, fewer parks and less-traveled thoroughfares --were in much greater abundance compared to neighborhoods where adolescents…
http://dlvr.it/Kjh0WJ

The bad intentions that often precede violence originate in a specific brain region, according to a study in mice. The work is the first, say the study authors, to tie warning signs of premeditated violence -- stalking, bullying, and possibly sexual aggression -- to a distinct part of the…
http://dlvr.it/Kjh0DN

Neuroblastoma accounts for the most pediatric deaths for any tumor outside of the brain. The most lethal form of this tumor is often associated with amplification of the gene MYCN, and now scientists may have developed a combination therapy that uses this gene to kill the cancer, instead of making…
http://dlvr.it/KjgQzL

A new study found the number of "Tommy John" surgeries to repair a pitching-related elbow injury has tripled in recent years, mainly among adolescent athletes.
http://dlvr.it/Kjg7cz

Used in combination, two innovative rehabilitation approaches can promote better long-term recovery of arm and hand movement function in stroke survivors, suggests a new paper.
http://dlvr.it/Kjg7bV

Sometimes, a nematode worm just needs to take a nap. In fact, its life may depend on it. New research has identified a protein that promotes a sleep-like state in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Without the snooze-inducing molecule, worms are more likely to die when confronted with stressful…
http://dlvr.it/Kjg7ZV

A robust reprogramming factor has been identified that increases the efficiency of creating human induced pluripotent stem cells (HiPSCs) from skin fibroblasts more than 20-fold, speeds the reprogramming time by several days and enhances the quality of reprogramming.
http://dlvr.it/Kjg7Xl

The polyphagous parthenogenetic root-knot nematodes of the genus Meloidogyne are considered to be the most significant nematode pest in sub-tropical and tropical agriculture. Despite the crucial need for correct diagnosis, identification of these pathogens remains problematic. Scientists have…
http://dlvr.it/Kjg7WL

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