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IBS records separate, simultaneous carbon monoxide/nitric oxide levels during induced seizure activity.

Two studies find that cartilage restoration procedures using 'plugs' are a viable treatment option for patients over 40 years old. Previous cartilage repair studies have included patients 30 and under. The new studies are believed to be the first to include middle-aged patients.

As America continues to adopt more children internationally than any other country, hundreds of thousands of children in the US -- most of whom are children of color -- sit in foster care awaiting adoption. Though some Americans express a desire to adopt non-white children, even they have…

A new study shows that a partnership between parent and provider makes transition to child care easier and helps in the child's development. Mothers report that it's an emotional transition for themselves as well as their child. Researchers suggest that providers and programs think of the whole…

Since it first emerged more than half a century ago, a particular strain of multidrug-resistant Salmonella has spread all over the world. Now researchers have figured out why this strain, Salmonella Typhimuriam DT104, has been so successful. This new knowledge could prove valuable in combating…

Researchers have devised a cell-based model of the human placenta that could help explain how pathogens that cause birth defects cross from mother to unborn child.

For more than a decade, a rare but potentially deadly fungus called Cryptococcus deuterogatti has taken up residence in the Pacific Northwest and Vancouver Island. Researchers found that the pathogen shed over a dozen different genes as it evolved into a new, more virulent species. Surprisingly,…

New research provides insight into the role of the western diet in Alzheimer's disease.

A study found middle school children at risk for being overweight or obese reduced their Body Mass Index by eating a snack of peanuts, compared to those children who did not.

Preseason prevention programs are beneficial to young baseball pitchers, according to new research. The study, the first to analyze a well-monitored preseason training program, showed numerous arm flexibility and strength improvements in participating athletes that could ultimately diminish the…

Repairing massive rotator cuff tears is often a tricky proposition, especially for those who have failed prior surgery. New research considers how a new arthroscopic procedure to treat large rotator cuff tears may help patients return to sports and work quicker.

Shoulder and elbow injuries in adolescent pitchers are becoming more and more prevalent each year. Researchers highlight how fatigue can affect pitching mechanics and potentially result in injuries.

NCAA tackling rule changes that penalize head to head contact, and encourage tackling of the lower extremity have had some proven impacts in collegiate football. However, according to researchers an unintended consequence of these rule changes may be higher rates of knee, ankle and thigh injuries.

Genetic research on concussions is progressing in many different avenues. However, researchers believe there may be a new genetic connection regarding recovery rates following a sports-related concussion.

Single and double-bundle techniques may provide similar outcomes in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction, as noted in new research. The study shows patients in both groups demonstrate similar performance during recovery.

Using soft tissue allografts (cadaver tissue) in ACL reconstructions may increase the risks for a revision reconstruction postoperatively, according to new research. The study adds to research demonstrating that the bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft (graft harvested from the surgical patient)…

Drinking a lot of coffee every day -- more than 900 ml (30 fluid ounces) or around six cups -- is linked to a reduced risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), finds research has found.

Reported dog attacks on guide dogs have risen significantly over a five year period, finds a study. A total of 629 attacks were reported between 2010 and 2015, with an increase from an average of three per month in 2010 to eleven attacks per month in 2015. The authors say it is not clear whether…

Cannabis use among people experiencing a first episode of psychotic illness is linked to a 50 per cent heightened risk of hospital admission -- including compulsory detention (sectioning) -- as well as longer inpatient stay, reveals the largest study of its kind.

A link between mitochondrial dysfunction in corneal endothelial cells and the development of Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy has been made by researchers. This study is the first study to demonstrate that lifelong accumulation of oxidative DNA damage leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and…

The early introduction of peanut to the diets of infants at high-risk of developing peanut allergy significantly reduces the risk of peanut allergy until 6 years of age, even if they stop eating peanut around the age of five, according to a new study.

Cells collected noninvasively from the urine of preterm infants may lead to breakthroughs in regenerative kidney repair for patients with kidney disease and injury, according to a new study.

What young men and women expect from their sexual relationships is influenced in different ways by the television programs they watch, according to a new study. Researchers studied the effect of 'relationship television', that is, programs which feature romantic relationships and themes, on 18–25…

A new study has explored the ways in which new technologies have been 'hyped' by the aviation industry and media as the key to sustainable air travel, perpetuating a culture of non-accountability for increased emissions and subsequent environmental damage.

New research shows that hormones found in birth control pills alter the genes in fish, which can cause changes in their behavior.

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