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Personal hygiene products such as soaps and toothpastes that contain the antibiotic triclosan do not have a major influence on microbial communities or endocrine function, according to a small, randomized trial, say researchers.
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Some anthropologists try to understand how societies and histories construct our identities, and others ask about how genes and the environment do the same thing. Which is the better approach? Both are needed, argues a biological anthropologist.
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Some of the final cases of Ebola in Sierra Leone were transmitted via unconventional routes, such as semen and breastmilk, according to the largest analysis to date of the tail-end of the epidemic.
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While it is well established that childhood ADHD may continue into adulthood, new research suggests that for some people the disorder does not emerge until after childhood.
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There is less decline than expected in the rate of brain and spine defects after a folic acid fortification program, a new study has found. The new findings are likely to contribute to an ongoing debate about the future of the fortification program.
http://dlvr.it/LLQBMj

Anxiety disorders and related problems such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are among the most common mental health conditions. While effective therapies for these often-debilitating disorders exist, many sufferers find them very difficult to engage with or complete. This prompted…
http://dlvr.it/LLPZN8

Children with autism have a wide range of ability to talk with other people, but it has been difficult to group children by their specific skills. Now researchers have developed an autism classification system that defines levels of social communications ability among those with autism spectrum…
http://dlvr.it/LLPLn3

A carefully controlled series of studies demonstrates that the self-administration of nicotine by rats suppresses body weight gain independent of food intake.
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Scientists are presenting a new therapeutic approach that may one day make it possible for HIV patients to stop their medication -- at least temporarily. The findings shed a completely new light on the search for a cure for the virus responsible for AIDS.
http://dlvr.it/LLNWl0

A simple paper sheet can improve the quality of life for millions of people by removing resistant viruses from water. The sheet, made of cellulose nanofibers, is called the mille-feuille filter as it has a unique layered internal architecture resembling that of the French puff pastry mille-feuille.
http://dlvr.it/LLNH3V

For the first time, scientists have produced direct evidence that the long-term storage of memories involves a dialogue between two brain structures, the hippocampus and cortex, during sleep; by enhancing this dialogue, they succeeded in triggering the consolidation of memories that would otherwise…
http://dlvr.it/LLNGxK

Following the decision by NHS England to not make pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) available to HIV-negative persons in England at risk of acquiring HIV, an expert outlines how: "PrEP is undoubtedly an essential addition to our approach to combination HIV prevention and needs to be available now."
http://dlvr.it/LLNGl2

It is now recognized that sarcopenia, defined as the loss of muscle mass and strength, is related to heart failure. Recent research has shown that heart failure severity could be diagnosed by using a simple sarcopenia screening test that assesses age, grip strength and calf circumference.
http://dlvr.it/LLMwHy

Why people on immunosuppressant drugs for autoimmune conditions have a higher incidence of an often-fatal brain disease may be linked to a mutation in a common virus, according to researchers.
http://dlvr.it/LLMJBm

Glioblastoma, the most common form of brain cancer is a deadly disease for which at present there is no cure. Now, researchers have published research results that show how repurposing the old drug flavopiridol could be an effective strategy to cut short sugar availability and impair cancer growth.
http://dlvr.it/LLMJ0y

A small number of patients infected by HIV spontaneously control viral replication without antiretroviral therapy, and do not develop the disease. The ability of these rare patients, known as 'HIV controllers,' to suppress HIV replication appears to be down to a highly effective immune response.…
http://dlvr.it/LLM07q

New data released in ECDC's Annual Epidemiological report show that since 2010, the overall syphilis rates have been going up across Europe, particularly among men. In 2014, the reported syphilis numbers were six times higher in men than in women. Almost two-thirds (63%) of the syphilis cases…
http://dlvr.it/LLM01g

A laboratory blood test for the diagnosis of a rare genetic red blood cell disorder also shows promise in identifying HELLP syndrome, a life-threatening high blood pressure condition affecting 1 percent of all pregnant women.
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A new method has been developed that can induce slipperiness on a growth supporting surface at will and sets the stage for the fast, efficient and inexpensive recovery of intact sheets of mesenchymal stem cells with broad potential for regenerative medicine.
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The more time teenagers spend splitting their attention between various devices such as their phones, video games or TV, the lower their test scores in math and English tend to be. More time spent multitasking between different types of media is also associated with greater impulsivity and a poorer…
http://dlvr.it/LLLhvX

The chemotherapy drug cisplatin can kill cancer, but it can also cause permanent hearing loss. The drug can kill the sensory cells of the inner ear, a phenomenon that is likely more severe in individuals with Cockayne syndrome, a rare form of dwarfism. The disorder results from mutations in one of…
http://dlvr.it/LLLR51

Non-Hispanic blacks are almost twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to be diagnosed with schizophrenia, but they're significantly less likely to receive medication for treatment, according to researchers.
http://dlvr.it/LLLQsF

Scientists have isolated an extract from a sponge found in Antarctica, known as Dendrilla membranosa, and tested it on MRSA biofilm. The extract, a new chemical which the research team has named 'darwinolide,' is a natural product chemical found in laboratory tests to eliminate more than 98 percent…
http://dlvr.it/LLLQdy

A new study explores the cognitive traits that can spur the recognition of market opportunities in entrepreneurship. In particular, this research introduces a new cognitive mechanism called "user perspective taking", which means assuming the user's perspective when approaching a market, and finds…
http://dlvr.it/LLL06g

Detecting fluid retention in patients early is important to prevent their heart failure from getting worse. Nurses who are trained in the use of handheld pocket ultrasound devices can dispense diuretic drugs more precisely. These medications prevent harmful fluid retention in patients with heart…
http://dlvr.it/LLL007

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