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Current cardiovascular valve or blood vessel implants are generally associated with a number of complications, have limited efficacy over time, and may necessitate repeated interventions over a patient's lifetime, especially when implanted in a young child. Researchers report success with…
http://dlvr.it/LKzVWZ

A streamlined approach to tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis requiring a single sputum sample and providing rapid, accurate results to patients proved feasible in rural Uganda, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/LKzVW9

Looking ahead to 2035, a growing disparity is projected between the number of cardiothoracic surgeons needed and the number available. Researchers cite such trends as fewer trainees in surgery residency programs, more exam failures, and fewer American Board of Thoracic Surgery certifications at a…
http://dlvr.it/LKzVR7

Little is known about mitral valve surgical outcomes within the largest US federal health system -- the Veterans Administration Health System. New data presented from 40 VA cardiac surgery centers reveal that although MV repair rates increased from 48 percent in 2001 to 63 percent in 2013, a wide…
http://dlvr.it/LKzV8x

Research has demonstrated a positive correlation between fitness and blood flow to areas of the brain where the hallmark tangles and plaques of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology are usually first detected, indicating a possibility that regular exercise could stave off AD symptoms.
http://dlvr.it/LKz1YC

Statins could protect the hearts of babies in the womb from the adverse effects of their mother's stress, research suggests. The therapy could lower the chances of babies being born underweight and reduce their risk of health problems in later life, including heart disease, researchers say.
http://dlvr.it/LKz1JZ

Horseradish contains cancer-fighting compounds known as glucosinolates. Glucosinolate type and quantity vary depending on size and quality of the horseradish root. For the first time, the activation of cancer-fighting enzymes by glucosinolate products in horseradish has been documented.
http://dlvr.it/LKyl3z

Researchers have developed a technique for imaging brain activity in a freely walking fruit fly. Working with one of the most common model organisms in science, the team shows for the first time what goes on in the brain of the fly during courtship -- when it's unrestrained.
http://dlvr.it/LKykz5

A new study randomly assigned 448 preterm infants born between 26 weeks 0 days' and 31 weeks 6 days' gestation to receive either high-dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) or placebo (saline) intravenously within 3 hours, at 12 to 18 hours, and at 36 to 42 hours after birth.
http://dlvr.it/LKykp8

Researchers have identified an enzyme that is significantly elevated in mouse models of systemic lupus erythematosus and in blood samples of patients with lupus. The new findings demonstrate that inhibition of the SHP-2 enzyme can significantly diminish lupus symptoms – including skin lesions,…
http://dlvr.it/LKykZV

Chronic fatigue syndrome patients report they are more anxious and distressed than people who don't have the condition, and they are also more likely to suppress those emotions. In addition, when under stress, they show greater activation of the biological "fight or flight" mechanism, which may add…
http://dlvr.it/LKxyh8

An international team of researchers has unraveled a new regulatory mechanism how food components and environmental factors influence the immune system. Various substances present in the intestines can bind to an important controller, the Ah receptor. This system is in turn regulated by the Ah…
http://dlvr.it/LKxyY2

People suffering from major depressive disorder may have altered purine metabolism, according to a new study. Purines are nitrogenous compounds that serve as building blocks for DNA and they also play a role in cellular signalling, among other things.
http://dlvr.it/LKvqpN

Virologists have shown that an experimental antiviral drug against hepatitis C slows down the development of Zika in mice.
http://dlvr.it/LKvc47

A new study shows that compared to non-shift workers, shift workers needed more time to complete a test that is frequently used by physicians to screen for cognitive impairment. However, those who had quit shift work more than five years ago completed the test just as quick as the non-shift workers.
http://dlvr.it/LKty2V

A new study on the connection between earthquakes and volcanoes took its inspiration from old engineering basics. Future applications of these results may enable better predictions of the likelihood of a volcanic eruption for communities affected by an earthquake.
http://dlvr.it/LKtsPN

Surgeons in Japan have developed a technique to relieve airway obstruction in children. The technique, known as external stenting (ES), expands and stabilizes the airway by suspending its wall to a rigid prosthesis placed around the bronchus or trachea. ES avoids the problem of granulation…
http://dlvr.it/LKtjPG

Scientists have found that heating the chemotherapy drug mitomycin-C prior to using it for treating bladder cancer may radically improve its efficacy.
http://dlvr.it/LKthxt

A team of scientists has identified the existence of a back-up plan for memory storage, which comes into play when the molecular mechanism of primary long-term memory storage fails.
http://dlvr.it/LKthQ1

Grocery stores and cafeterias successfully nudge selection of target foods, but can this same strategy be used to encourage food pantry clients to select target healthful foods? In a new study, researchers found that product placement and packaging had a significant impact on what clients selected…
http://dlvr.it/LKtgh6

A new study appears to disprove the increasingly popular notion that doctors die differently than everyone else, using fewer interventions that often have little value.
http://dlvr.it/LKtgLS

Children as young as middle-schoolers are exposed to multiple alcohol advertisements every day -- both indoors and out -- a new study finds.
http://dlvr.it/LKtgLP

Sleep assessments in young children showed that, in the context of habitual snoring and enlarged tonsils and adenoids, moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea increased the likelihood and magnitude of cognitive deficits. These deficits include, but are not limited to, problems with attention,…
http://dlvr.it/LKtgLG

Being fit may reduce the decline in lung function that occurs as we grow older, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/LKtgKh

Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accelerate the loss of lung function especially among patients with mild disease, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/LKtfnh

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