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Gun-related deaths in the US could be reduced by more than 80 percent if three laws implemented in some states were extended nationally, an analysis suggests.

Over nearly 25 years of follow-up, blacks had a higher risk of hypertension, diabetes, and kidney failure than whites, after adjustments. Most blacks with gene variants that have been linked to kidney disease experienced kidney function decline similar to blacks without the variants.

Emerging evidence on the development, 'prodromal' characteristics, and long-term course of schizophrenia provide reasons for optimism for developing new treatments and preventive approaches for this devastating disorder, according to new research.

White women, younger people are increasingly the victims of overdose deaths, a first detailed analysis about drug overdoses in Pennsylvania reveals.

Increasingly, scientists are finding that small RNA molecules might be effective targets for antiviral drugs. Using a new screening method, researchers now show that a number of RNA viruses need access to micro-RNAs produced by their host cells to replicate.

New parents benefit from help to prepare them to bring their premature babies home from hospital, researchers have found. A team examined the effects of a parent-orientated discharge planning process, known as the Train-to Home intervention.

For patients undergoing plastic surgery of the chin (genioplasty), the use of ultrasonic 'piezosurgery' equipment reduces trauma, pain, and swelling, compared to traditional surgical drills, reports a study.

Researchers have taken some initial steps toward the creation of bioengineered human hearts using donor hearts stripped of components that would generate an immune response and cardiac muscle cells generated from induced pluripotent stem cells, which could come from a potential recipient.

The introduction of screening colonoscopy in Germany is showing results: Within ten years of the start of this screening program for the early detection of colorectal cancer, the number of new cases has significantly dropped in the age groups 55 years and over, research shows.

Personalizing the assessment of cancer risk due to space radiation may let NASA pinpoint astronauts who could withstand higher doses, removing one barrier to a trip to Mars.

A new study is underway to determine whether treating a depressed caregiver will improve the child's asthma. The researchers say the findings eventually may reduce health disparities in child asthma because there is a higher percentage of depressed caregivers among children with asthma from…

A potential drug target for itching sensations has been developed by researchers. Their work shows that skin cells -- when exposed to certain itch-producing chemicals -- can powerfully regulate nearby sensory nerve cells and facilitate transmission of the itchy feelings to the brain. The ion…

Conventional wisdom has held that boosting team performance in the workplace should focus on rewarding entire teams that perform well -- and that rewarding individuals increases competition rather than helping team performance. But new research finds that rewarding individual workers can boost…

A new, simple and non invasive method has been developed that allows clinicians to determine whether a child aged 2-4 suffers from celiac disease or not without the necessity of a blood extraction.

Scientists reveal that the combination of two molecular signals determines which cells that have already differentiated can regain their stem cell properties.

Liposomes are currently used as drug delivery vehicles but recognized by the immune system. Scientists have shown that special artificial liposomes do not elicit any reaction in human and porcine sera as well as pigs.

Caregivers are displaying insufficient knowledge of how things are for stroke patients the week before they die – for example, staff have difficulties stating whether the patients had someone with them at their death, or if they were experiencing pain. Care for stroke patients therefore risks…

A variety of physical activities from walking to gardening and dancing can improve brain volume and cut the risk of Alzheimer's disease by 50%, a new study suggests.

Millions of people take statins to help lower their cholesterol level. Currently statins are prescribed to patients based on their future risk of cardiovascular disease, mainly driven by age, which excludes many individuals who may benefit from them. A research team has developed a new approach to…

A novel drug proven to reduce the risk of disease progression by 79% offers new hope to patients with inoperable metastatic advanced midgut neuroendocrine cancer.

Becoming a big brother or big sister before first grade may lower a child's risk of becoming obese, a new study suggests. Children the same age who didn't have a sibling were nearly three times more likely to be obese by first grade, the study showed.

Vibration has potential as a diagnosis tool that could also identify new categories of back problems, twin control study shows. The findings show the viability of vibration as a diagnostic tool that could help improve MRI utilization in the short term.

An enhanced diet helped reduce hearing loss in mice with the genetic mutation most commonly responsible for childhood deafness. The study found that an antioxidant regimen of beta carotene (precursor to vitamin A), vitamins C and E and magnesium helped slow progression of hereditary deafness in the…

Researchers have shown for the first time that it is possible to use a multi-gene test to identify early breast cancer patients who can be spared chemo and who will still be alive and well five years after diagnosis. Results from the phase III PlanB trial, show that showed that 94 percent of women…

Approximately 14 percent of men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point in their lifetimes. Radiation therapy traditionally has been a primary treatment for the cancer, but one-fourth of men have a recurrence of prostate cancer within five years after the therapy. Now, a researcher has…

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