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In people suffering from cystic fibrosis the CFTR protein is not located in the right place in mucus-producing cells: it remains inside the cell while it should be in the cell wall. Those cells secrete a tough mucus with serious consequences. However, researchers have now succeeded in conducting…

Commonly used chemo toxins impair the eyesight in childhood cancer survivors in a way that indicates an impact on the central nervous system, new research confirms.

Although insulin-producing cells are found in the endocrine tissue of the pancreas, a new mouse study suggests that abnormalities in the exocrine tissue could cause cell non-autonomous effects that promotes diabetes-like symptoms. These findings argue the existence of an unknown factor from the…

Biologists have performed the first large-scale screening in a vertebrate animal for genes that regulate sleep, and have identified a gene that when overactivated causes severe insomnia. Expression of the gene, neuromedin U (Nmu), also seems to serve as nature's stimulant--fish lacking the gene…

Aged drivers and women using prescription sleep medicines at higher risk for motor vehicle collisions, report investigators. In the overall sample, the unadjusted 5-year motor vehicle collision rate was 46 percent higher for current zolpidem users versus nonusers. More specifically, the unadjusted…

New research highlights new studies exploring how genes and the environment interact to shape how a child's behavior develops. The work provides evidence that methylation of specific genes is associated with important aspects of children's development from the prenatal period through young…

Following a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet for just eight weeks can lead to rapid weight gain and health complications, a new mouse study has demonstrated. The study has prompted researchers to issue a warning about putting faith in so-called fad diets with little or no scientific evidence.

A health economics study in 50 Australian hospitals of the impact of a national hand hygiene campaign found many hospital patients were protected from a 'golden staph' infection and at least 96 years of life will be saved each year.

The increased cancer detection and reduced call backs associated with 3-D mammography, also known as Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT), can be maintained years after a patient's first DBT screening with regularly scheduled DBT imaging, according to a new study.

An American team of researchers is the first to examine whether ecstasy users are unknowingly or unintentionally using "bath salts" and/or other novel psychoactive drugs.

A novel combination of prebiotics, milk fat globule membrane (MFGM), and lactoferrin added to a DHA- and ARA-containing formula fed to piglets, advanced overall brain development compared to piglets who were fed a formula containing only DHA and ARA (both omega fatty acids that are now standard in…

Automobile sales personnel who are trained to understand a customer's price sensitivity will strike a better deal for their employers when negotiating the price of a car, shows new research.

Origins of social class explain risk-taking behavior – good or bad – by the top executive at the largest U.S. public corporations, a new study explains. In a survey of 265 chief executive officers, researchers found that CEOs with lower and upper social-class origins take greater strategic risks…

Patients with acute heart failure often have high levels of the metabolite trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) – of which red meat is a major dietary source - according to researchers.

New research calls for actions to ensure equal wages for equally performing or skilled employees and to encourage female students to engage in scientific studies, as females are only 4.2% of inventors.

The first study to measure the full spectrum of age-related damage to all five senses found that 94 percent of older adults in the United States have at least one sensory deficit, 38 percent have two, and 28 percent have three, four or five. Deficits in multiple senses were strongly associated with…

Pioglitazone, a drug used for type 2 diabetes, may prevent recurrent stroke and heart attacks in people with insulin resistance but without diabetes. The results of the trial suggest a potential new method to prevent stroke and heart attack in high-risk patients who have already had one stroke or…

A human cancer-causing gene, called DEK, can be detected in the plasma of head and neck cancer patients, research shows. DEK may help doctors understand how a person's immune system could be used to treat cancer or predict outcomes for patients.

Walking with a wearable robotic exoskeleton may enable people with multiple sclerosis to walk more efficiently by reducing the energy and muscle activity needed to walk, according to research.

Despite being common practice, performing squat exercises in front of a mirror has no effect on preferential loading, according to a pilot study.

Athletes who speak English as a second language may have disparities when completing sideline concussion tests, according to new research.

Adding to the already length list of reasons not to smoke, researchers have connected smoking to worsening degenerative disc disease in the cervical spine, according to new research.

Motor skill training using a robotic arm exoskeleton may be beneficial to people suffering from post-stroke weakness affecting an entire side of their body, according to new research.

Early rehabilitation following a traumatic spinal cord injury may lead to better functional outcomes for patients at the time of their discharge and in the subsequent year, according to new research.

Ultramarathon runners can expect an approximate five-to-seven-day subjective recovery post race, according to new research. The study also looked at factors that affect physical recovery and a runner's ability to return to full running speed after participation in an ultramarathon.

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