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A novel imaging-based method for defining appropriateness of breast cancer treatment is as accurate as the current standard-of-care and could reduce the need for invasive tissue sampling, new research shows. The results suggest that the method might lead to more optimal treatment of individual…
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The tendency of today's consumers to eat when they are not hungry might be less advantageous for health than eating when they are hungry, suggests a new article.
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James Bond's nemesis in the most recent film likely failed neuroanatomy, says a real-life neurosurgeon and scientist. Blofeld didn't quite know his brain anatomy and would've probably hit Daniel Craig's vertebral artery and likely killed his character instead, says the expert.
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Guerilla tactics such as suicide attacks and roadside bombs may trigger more post-traumatic stress than conventional warfare, suggests a new study of 738 Iraq veterans.
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A web-based application has been developed to advance pediatric cancer research, collaboration and clinical care through enhanced exploration of the pediatric cancer genome, report researchers.
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A central challenge in the field of metabolic engineering is the efficient identification of a metabolic pathway genotype that maximizes specific productivity over a robust range of process conditions. A new review covers the challenges of optimizing specific productivity of metabolic pathways in…
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Researchers review importance of microorganisms that exist in the gut, suggesting perturbation of the environment during pregnancy, delivery and early infancy could impact the developing baby's early microbiome and set the stage for health problems later in life. The term 'microbiome' refers to the…
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Does legalization of marijuana lead pot users to drink more, or are they likely to substitute alcohol for weed? A new paper seeks to discover how changing marijuana laws affect the use of alcohol, the nation's most popular drug.
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Preclinical data based on experiments in mice suggest the promise of a novel drug directed against a novel target in malignant mammary tumors. The work excites researchers because in mouse models of human metastatic breast cancer, it has produced 'differentiation of an aggressive primary tumor,…
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The world's first guidelines for chronic fungal lung infections for doctors and laboratories have been published for use by clinicians.
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The largest study of survivors of the largest recorded outbreak of Ebola virus disease found they commonly reported complications such as vision, hearing and joint pain problems up to months after they were discharged from an Ebola treatment facility.
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Among male kidney transplant candidates, prostate cancer screening was not associated with improved patient survival after transplantation, a new report concludes. Screening increased the time to listing and transplantation for candidates under 70 years old with elevated prostate specific antigen…
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The prevalence of chronic kidney disease varies across European countries, ranging from 3 percent to 17 percent. Differences in rates of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity -- which are risk factors for chronic kidney disease -- do not account for this variation.
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Results of a randomized, controlled clinical trial in two Chinese provinces show that providing sexually transmitted infection training and education for physicians resulted in significantly reduced infection risk among their patients.
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New research using computational neuroscience has unraveled a longstanding mystery of a fundamental property of the brain, topographic organization. The research shows that in the case of pathology, brain maps may undergo re-organization and their discontinuity can be quantified, allowing them to…
http://dlvr.it/D89gVc

Long travel distances continue to be a significant obstacle to breast reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer, reports a new study. The researchers analyzed the relationship between travel distance and breast reconstruction in more than 1 million US women undergoing mastectomy from 1998…
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A new instrument has allowed researchers to capture among the first 3-D recordings of neural activity in nearly the entire brain of a free-moving animal, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The findings could provide scientists with a better understanding of how neurons coordinate action and…
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With nearly one-fourth of teens reporting fighting in the past year, a new study finds parents, who are often left out of violence prevention programs, can play an important role in reducing adolescent altercations.
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Recurrence of HER2-positive breast cancer after treatment may be due to a specific and possibly cancer-induced weakness in the patient's immune system -- a weakness that in principle could be corrected with a HER2-targeted vaccine -- according to a new study.
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About 18,000 people are severely injured every year in Germany. Earlier investigations, in 2000 and 2006, estimated that more than 32,000 people sustain multiple trauma each year. The newly calculated lower number likely reflects a reduction of severe injuries caused by road traffic and…
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Formulating drugs as liquid salts may provide a safe and efficient strategy for topical delivery of drugs that cause skin toxicity, say experts.
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A new platform has been developed by physicists that uses ultrafast near-infrared lasers to deliver gene therapy to damaged areas of the retina to enable vision restoration in patients with photo-degenerative diseases.
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Immunogeneticists specializing in immunoglobulin GM genes monitored for immune responses that could limit the effectiveness of the broadly neutralizing antibody VRC01 in HIV-infected individuals in a phase 1 trial.
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Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and other chronic respiratory disorders who received music therapy in conjunction with standard rehabilitation saw an improvement in symptoms, psychological well-being and quality of life compared to patients receiving rehabilitation alone,…
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A new mathematical model has been introduced by experts, which offers a simplified approach to studying the spread of the infectious virus, Dengue fever, in urban areas, specifically breaking down the epidemic dynamics across a city and its varying neighborhoods and populations.
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