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Babies born prematurely face an increased risk of neurological and psychiatric problems that may be due to weakened connections in brain networks linked to attention, communication and the processing of emotions, according to new research.

Infections in childhood are associated with an increased risk of early heart attacks, according to new research. Unhealthy lifestyles in adulthood appear to compound the risk of early heart attack.

Pacemakers identify atrial fibrillation and enable initiation of anticoagulation to prevent strokes, according to new research.

Sniffing and gasping can prevent fainting, reveals new research.

Biochemists have announced a fundamental discovery about protein structure that sheds new light on how proteins fold, which is one of the most basic processes of life. It had not been thought that this type of characterization was possible.

Nearly half of camels in parts of Kenya have been infected by the virus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, a new study shows, and experts have given calls now for further research into the role they might play in the transmission of this emerging disease to humans.

A mechanism has been identified for blocking the signal by which the cellular sodium-potassium pump amplifies oxidants (reactive oxygen species). These oxidants lead to obesity and metabolic syndrome.

An FDA-approved drug for leukemia improved cognition, motor skills and non-motor function in patients with Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementia in a small phase I clinical trial, report researchers. In addition, the drug, nilotinib (Tasigna by Novartis), led to statistically significant and…

A pilot study of 23 adults with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes found early insulin therapy to be as effective as 15 months of oral therapy and may improve the body's ability to produce insulin.

Could looking at the eyes provide a new way of studying how anesthesia affects the developing brain? The retinas of immature mice exposed to one widely used general anesthetic show evidence of "programmed cell death," or apoptosis, reports a study.

Scientists raise the prospect of cancer therapy that works by converting a tumor's best friends in the immune system into its gravest enemies. The team has uncovered a mechanism that allows key immune system cells to keep a steady rein on their more belligerent brother cells, thereby protecting…

Nanodiamonds may help patients that have had the dreaded root canal. Dental researchers have developed a nanodiamond-reinforced version of gutta percha, the compound that is used to fill void spaces in dental root canals to prevent infection that can lead to tooth loss. Tested in patient-extracted…

Researchers correlated neuroimaging data with reading deficits in patients with subacute left hemispheric stroke. Findings add to knowledge of neural mechanisms of reading and may be useful in developing reading interventions that address specific neurological deficits.

New RFAs represent NCCIH's new funding mechanisms direct research attention toward investigating the mechanisms by which: 1) mind and body interventions might work, and 2) strategies to optimize these interventions.

Searching for the precise, complexly folded three-dimensional structure of a protein can be like hacking through a jungle without a map: a long, intensive process with uncertain direction. Researchers developed a new approach, dubbed COMPASS, that points directly to a protein's likely structure…

Young Latinos living in rural areas say they face discrimination when they obtain health care services -- a factor that could contribute to disparities in their rates for obtaining medical care and in their health outcomes, a new study has found

Low-income housing residents who live in 'green' buildings that are built with eco-friendly materials and energy-efficient features appear to have fewer 'sick building' symptoms than residents of traditionally constructed low-income housing, according to a new study. Asthma outcomes --…

To help stop the spread of antibiotic resistance, scientists are urging hospitals around the country to stop buying meat from animals that were given antibiotics for growth promotion.

A highly efficient method has been developed for making kidney structures from stem cells that are derived from skin taken from patients. The kidney structures formed could be used to study abnormalities of kidney development, chronic kidney disease, the effects of toxic drugs, and be incorporated…

A research team has made breakthrough advancements on a new molecular mechanism that may provide a means to "melt" pathological clumps known as Lewy clumps. These clumps are a hallmark sign of Parkinson's disease.

Rewarding learning selectively enhances the consolidation of learned information during sleep, report scientists. This human study builds on what we know from Drosophila by showing how sleep and reward combine to boost memory.

High levels of total cholesterol are linked to a heightened risk of tendon abnormalities and pain, reveals a pooled analysis of the available evidence.

Chemists have long believed that inserting nitrogen -- a beneficial ingredient for making many pharmaceuticals and other biologically active molecules -- into a carbon-hydrogen bond requires a trade-off between catalyst reactivity and selectivity. But a new manganese-based catalyst has given…

A new study marks a step toward understanding the Huntingtin protein (Htt) is responsible for Huntington's disease. The research shows that Htt controls the movement of precious cargo traveling up and down neurons, the cells that form the core of the nervous system in animals.

Seven out of 10 college students say it is somewhat or very easy to obtain controlled stimulants without a prescription, according to a new survey conducted on eight US campuses.

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