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Scientists who last year identified new gene mutations unique to colon cancers in African Americans, have now found that tumors with these mutations are highly aggressive and more likely to recur and metastasize.

Potential outbreaks of diseases such as Ebola and Lassa fever may be more accurately predicted thanks to a new mathematical model. This could in turn help inform public health messages to prevent outbreaks spreading more widely.

It was already known that genes inherited from ancient retroviruses are essential to the placenta in mammals. Scientists have now revealed a new chapter in this astonishing story: these genes of viral origin may also be responsible for the more developed muscle mass seen in males.

Graphene oxide flakes can be welded together into solid materials that may be suitable for bone implants, according to an international study.

Encouraging hospital births are an important component of reducing maternal mortality in low-resource settings. Now, new research shows certain factors, including age and income, determine whether women living in rural Nepal have home births or hospital deliveries.

At the dinner table, babies do a lot more than play with their sippy cups, new research suggests.

A study of an enzyme that helps build and repair DNA in living organisms increases our understanding of how these processes are controlled and how we can use this to combat infections.

Researchers have re-invented the eye drop with technology that can deliver medicine much more efficiently, making life easier for patients. They have created microscopic packets of medicine that lodge themselves imperceptibly in the base of the tear film that makes up the wet surface of the eye.

Wearable sensing device tracks movements, ambient environment, bio-signals and more.

Balancing selection is responsible for helping us fend off pathogens, but also for the occurrence of mutations in our genome that predispose us to hereditary diseases.

It's official; store shelves will be scrubbed clean of antibacterial hand and body soaps that contain certain ingredients. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Friday issued a final ruling that bans soaps that contain one, or a combination of, 19 specific ingredients — triclosan and…

Scientists say the more foreign languages we learn, the more effectively our brain reacts and processes the data accumulated in the course of learning.

Inhibiting a protein called sclerostin could probably help treating the bone-loss disease osteoporosis.

Hospitalizations for infective endocarditis, a heart valve infection often attributed to injection drug use, increased significantly among young adults, particularly whites and females. The findings shed light on the healthcare burdens and shifting demographics associated national opioid epidemic.

The choice of a smartphone provides valuable information about its owner.

It can be challenging for regulators to keep up with advances related to medical drugs and devices. A new analysis provides insights on how officials are working to support accelerated access to new therapies while also ensuring their safety.

Heparan sulphate occurs as carbohydrate chains which are very important for human body cells both for normal fetal development and during the course of various diseases. All new molecular knowledge concerning these chains is therefore important. Researchers can now show that the same enzyme which…

Lower severity trauma patients could be more likely to die after two to three weeks, new research indicates. Using data from the largest trauma database in Europe, the Trauma Audit and Research Network (TARN) database, researchers used 165,559 trauma cases to conduct the research, among them 19,289…

New research from Loughborough University has revealed many four-year-olds are not physically ready to start school.

Researchers have discovered that the number of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) is increased in the blood of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The higher the number of MDSC, the more limited the lung function, they note.

Congenital gene mutations lead to afflicted persons of advanced age developing severe nerve damage (polyneuropathy) with paralysis, loss of sensation and pain. The illness can advance rapidly and lead up to the inability to walk with wheelchair dependency. The affected gene has now been identified…

In male cells of the fruit fly Drosophila, the X chromosome is twice as active as in female cells. Researchers have now discovered how the enzyme responsible recognizes the chromosome.

Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive form of blood cancer. A research group has now uncovered a new mechanism that enhances the viability of cancerous T-cells and promotes their reproduction.

Extremely low birth weight babies are four times more likely to develop dysglycemia, or abnormal blood glucose, than their normal birth weight (NBW) peers and more likely than their peer group to have higher body fat and lower lean mass in adulthood, although both groups have a similar (BMI), new…

Smoking the equivalent of a single 'spliff' of cannabis makes people less willing to work for money while 'high,' finds a new study. The research is the first to reliably demonstrate the short-term effects of cannabis on motivation in humans. The researchers also tested motivation in people who…

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