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Meeting new people can be both stressful and rewarding. New research suggests that a molecule involved in regulating stress in the brain may also help determine how willing we are to leave the safety of our social group and strike up new relationships.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720125523.htm

The newly created technology shows an effectiveness more than twice as high as any of the previously developed solid state lasers.Another important feature of this laser is that the generated light has a wavelength of 2 microns, which is the exact wavelength used in surgery. Devices based on this…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720124843.htm

New articles explore the effectiveness of several neurorehabilitation treatments for individuals with brain injury or stroke. A number of published articles have covered the issue of efficacy of neurorehabilitation, but only a few have discussed the issue of effectiveness to date.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720122852.htm

Surgeons who reported they were less likely to discuss preventability of an adverse event, or who reported difficult communication experiences, were more negatively affected by disclosure than others, according to a study.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720122850.htm

Programs to reduce the high risk of HIV infection among transgender people are urgently needed -- but efforts are hindered by a lack of accurate information on HIV prevalence, HIV incidence, and specific risk factors facing this key population, say experts. A special journal supplement presents…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720122840.htm

Health facilities in Kenya, Uganda, and Zambia could extend life-sustaining antiretroviral therapy to hundreds of thousands of people living with HIV if facilities improved the efficiency of service delivery.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720125654.htm

More than half of US physicians included in a national survey have withheld certain medical interventions with small benefits from their patients because of the cost-implications these hold. Such rationing behavior is more prevalent among physicians in solo practice, and less so among doctors with…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720125525.htm

The contact points of cells in the cerebral cortex form functional groups.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720124847.htm

Few Medicare enrollees appear to be receiving buprenorphine-naloxone, the only opioid agonist therapy for opioid addiction available through Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage, according to a study.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720122848.htm

Findings of a research team may pave the way for the design of new and more effective antimicrobial surfaces. These insights constitute the basis for guiding the design and development of new surfaces with higher antiviral activity that can be important for applications in public and/or sensitive…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720105254.htm

Scientists have developed an oral vaccine booster for polio by manipulating plants to express a protein found in the polio virus. Tests with sera from immunized mice show that the booster confers immunity against all three serotypes of polio.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720125652.htm

Human cells show deformation under the influence of external forces. But how do they recover their original shape afterwards? This mechanism, which is important in medicine and biology, has been described for the first time.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720124837.htm

Research shows no significant decline in indoor tanning rates among children under age 17 following a ban on such use in New Jersey enacted in 2013. The authors say it's a finding that underscores a need for continued surveillance of this population and ongoing monitoring of indoor tanning…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720105454.htm

Researchers are studying how cognitive therapy that uses mindfulness techniques, such as meditation, quiet reflection and facilitator-led discussion, may serve as an adjunct to pharmacological treatments for youth with anxiety disorders.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720105456.htm

Family history of disease may be as much the result of shared lifestyle and surroundings as inherited genes, research has shown. Factors that are common to the family environment -- such as shared living space and common eating habits -- can make a major contribution to a person's risk of disease,…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720105251.htm

Owning a pet dog reduces stress and significantly improves functioning in families who have a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), new research has shown.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720094602.htm

Decades of scientific literature on the effectiveness of various methods of preventing bites and controlling ticks that transmit Lyme disease has been reviewed by a research team, and outlined in a new report.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720105032.htm

The Food and Drug Administration has approved the first focused ultrasound device to treat essential tremor, the most common movement disorder, in patients who do not respond to medication. The scalpel-free approach has been demonstrated to show the safety and effectiveness of the device.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720095006.htm

The international guidelines for the management of diabetes mellitus (type 2) purport to observe factors such as age, social environment, the duration of the illness or associated health complaints. The factor gender is not included. However, this is becoming an ever growing issue, because men and…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720094438.htm

The world around is complex and changing constantly. To put it in order, we devise categories into which we sort new concepts. To do this we apply different strategies. A team of researchers wanted to find our which areas of the brain regulate these strategies.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720094600.htm

Researchers have put the 'unguarded X hypothesis' to the test and confirmed that differences in lifespan between the sexes, a widespread phenomenon in nature, may indeed be due to the protective effect of having two copies of the X chromosome.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720094446.htm

An interdisciplinary team of scientists has studied the metabolism of women with gestational diabetes after giving birth. They were able to show that breastfeeding for more than three months brings about long-term metabolic changes.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720094444.htm

Social robots can be used in the educational or health system, where they would support trainers and therapists in their work. The robots can be programmed to practice vocabulary with children or to make rehabilitation exercises with stroke patients.
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720094641.htm

Getting fit and athletic -- while sitting? Researchers are developing an active chair. At first glance, the chair looks just like another other reclining chair with a footrest you would find in a living room in front of the TV. But upon closer inspection, the chair is actually connected to a…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720094606.htm

After a sewer line break, a strain of bacteria found in wastewater tested resistant to vancomycin, an antibiotic considered to be a 'last resort' treatment for serious infections that do not respond to other antibiotics. Researchers found that the vancomycin-resistant bacteria contains a gene…
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160720094246.htm

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