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Ten risk factors that can be modified are responsible for nine of 10 strokes worldwide, but the ranking of those factors vary regionally, according to a study of 26,000 people worldwide. This should influence the development of strategies for stroke reduction, the researchers say.
http://dlvr.it/LpsBC4

A single brain receptor is responsible for a range of symptoms in mice that are reminiscent of obsessive-compulsive disorder, according to a new study. The findings suggest that OCD and other psychiatric disorders could be amenable to treatment using a class of drugs that is already being…
http://dlvr.it/LpsB4r

Researchers from 14 leading institutions in the United States, United Kingdom and France suggest novel approaches that could hasten the development of better medications for people suffering from toxoplasmosis.
http://dlvr.it/LprzdR

It has a funny name -- coxsackievirus -- but there's nothing funny about how this tiny germ and its close relatives sicken their hosts. Researchers have designed a genetic modification to one type of coxsackievirus that strips its ability to replicate, mutate and cause illness. They hope their work…
http://dlvr.it/LpYJHT

Scaffolding and specialized workers help with the delivery of ribosomes, say biochemists, who, through study, have gained new insights into biogenesis.
http://dlvr.it/LpYJFw

Daily infusions with a chemical commonly associated with feelings of happiness were shown to increase calcium levels in the blood of Holstein cows and the milk of Jersey cows that had just given birth. The results could lead to a better understanding of how to improve the health of dairy cows, and…
http://dlvr.it/LpYJFC

Over a third of families (more than 2 million households) in the United Kingdom are earning below the minimum income needed for an acceptable living standard. A new study has taken a new look at life on a low income, starting not from the perspective of poverty and hardship but from a more positive…
http://dlvr.it/LpYJBq

Researchers have studied the changes that take place in fish lipids and in the oil during frying processes, and have concluded that using extra virgin olive oil is the best choice.
http://dlvr.it/LpXrNS

The human body is controlled by electrical impulses in the brain, the heart and nervous system. These electrical signals create tiny magnetic fields, which doctors could use to diagnose various diseases, for example diseases of the brain or heart problems in young fetuses. Researchers have now…
http://dlvr.it/LpXfHh

Using the example of the fruit fly, a team of biologists has identified patterns in the genetic activity of brain cells and taken them as a basis for drawing conclusions about the structure of the brain.
http://dlvr.it/LpXR8F

Microorganisms, among them fungi, are a natural and rich source of antibiotic compounds. Scientists have succeeded for the first time in extracting the rare compound cPM from a filamentous fungus, applying a special method. Using this substance leads to increased susceptibility of a resistant…
http://dlvr.it/LpXQyH

A Japanese research group has now discovered the genetic mutations responsible for esophageal cancer frequently found among Japanese. They base their discovery on a genomic analysis of 144 Japanese esophageal cancer patients, the largest of its scale so far. The study findings are expected to…
http://dlvr.it/LpX5Rr

A new study found a six-fold increase in the age-adjusted prevalence of any sleep disorder diagnosis over an 11-year period among US veterans. The largest increases were identified in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), other mental disorders, or combat experience. Results also…
http://dlvr.it/LpX5Lq

By Lisa Pecos We tend to think of infertility as a women's issue, but both men and women contribute to infertility. What may be more surprising is that the causes of male infertility aren't always medical, but can be due… The post Could Your Partner's Lifestyle Be Stopping You from Getting…
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Food chemists have found that garlic aroma is evident in the breast milk of women who have consumed garlic. This is caused by allyl methyl sulfide -- a metabolite which is first formed in a strong concentration during breastfeeding. Whether the aroma has an impact on which food preferences children…
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Researchers and physicians have grappled with the role of 'adjuvant,' or post-surgery, chemotherapy for patients with early-stage colon cancer, even for cancers considered high risk. Now researchers have found an association between the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in stage 2 colon cancer and…
http://dlvr.it/LpWSQS

Researchers have revealed a role for orexin neurons of the hypothalamus in regulating the response to harmful stimuli in mice. Painful stimuli activated orexin neurons, except in mice that were anesthetized. Mice bred to lack orexin neurons were hypersensitive to such stimuli, while those with…
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A new technique could make tissue regeneration cheaper and safer for health-care systems and their patients. The study has identified new ways in which proteins and various biological molecules -- known as growth factors -- can work together to turn cells on the surface into cells that form the…
http://dlvr.it/LpWCt9

A modification called phosphorylation made to a protein called RUNX3 may promote cancer progression by allowing cell division, scientists have discovered. The phosphorylation, or the addition of a phosphate group to a molecule, is carried out by an enzyme called Aurora Kinase, which has been…
http://dlvr.it/LpVhl1

Aging, neurodegenerative disorders and metabolic disease are all linked to mitochondria, structures within our cells that generate chemical energy and maintain their own DNA. In a fundamental discovery with far-reaching implications, scientists now show how cells control DNA synthesis in…
http://dlvr.it/LpVhYj

Today some of the world's experts on antibiotic resistance called on the UN to act to reduce the growing number of deaths due to limited access to effective antibiotics.
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A new type of HIV drug currently being tested works in an unusual way, scientists have found. They also discovered that when the virus became resistant to early versions of these drugs, it did not do so by blocking or preventing their effects, but rather by circumventing them. The study presents…
http://dlvr.it/LpVhTp

A modeling study by top tobacco control experts finds that e-cigarettes are likely to provide public health benefits based on "conservative estimates" of the likely uptake of vaping and smoking by adolescents and young adults. If used instead of smoking, e-cigarettes provide the potential to reduce…
http://dlvr.it/LpVhQp

The atomic structure of an elusive cold virus linked to severe asthma and respiratory infections in children has been solved by a team of researchers. The findings provide the foundation for future antiviral drug and vaccine development against the virus, rhinovirus C.
http://dlvr.it/LpVQZs

Though health care is not without risks or error, hospital employees can support a culture of patient safety by identifying, reporting, and learning from medical mistakes that have or could have harmed patients. In a new study, a training program focusing on team communication, leadership, and…
http://dlvr.it/LpVQWh

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