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A team of Russian scientists has proposed an efficient approach to novel agents with anticancer activity. A synthesis of these agents is based on compounds extracted from parsley and dill seeds.

Persistent diarrhea, which is diarrhea that lasts at least 14 days, is an illness typically caused by parasites or bacteria and requires accurate diagnosis in order to determine what treatment to give, according a new report.

In a surprising about-face, researchers have determined that a protocol providing physical therapy to ICU patients with acute respiratory failure did not shorten hospital length of stay. The study, which is the largest to-date on this topic, reversed the findings from earlier pilot studies.

Investigators have examined whether 24 months of treatment with the antidepressant escitalopram would improve mortality, illness, and mood in patients with chronic heart failure and depression.

A new study describes a technology that could lead to new therapeutics for traumatic brain injuries. The discovery provides a means of homing drugs or nanoparticles to injured areas of the brain.

Two studies in mice reveal new insights into neurons that mediate symptoms typical of the postnatal neurological disorder Rett syndrome.

A likely cause of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors is deficiency in nonsense-mediated RNA decay, a system cells use to control which genes are activated, report scientists.

Researchers studying monkeys have shown that one infection with Zika virus protects against future infection, though pregnancy may drastically prolong the time the virus stays in the body.

The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) and collaborators at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School have completed a promising preclinical study of two Zika vaccine candidates that suggests that an effective human vaccine will be achievable. Findings from the…

Contrary to the opinions of some courts, it is easier to determine the truthfulness of a woman wearing a headscarf or even a veil that leaves only her eyes exposed than a woman wearing no head covering at all, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Researchers discover a new way to keep the heart pumping, which could lead to new drugs for heart disease. The research offers the possibility of developing a new, and potentially more effective, class of heart-failure medications.

An approved anti-HIV drug latches to the enzyme already responsible for about 80 percent of the cholesterol elimination from the human brain, report scientists. Obtained with a cutting-edge atom-substitution technology called hydrogen-deuterium exchange, the molecular roadmap shows how small…

Researchers are closer to solving a decade-old mystery after discovering that a set of genes they are studying play a key role in early human development.

Across the world, many schoolchildren under 10 are overweight. In the search for the cause of this phenomenon, fetal programming was put under scrutiny in new research. That the mother's diet might have some influence could not be confirmed in a long-term study: administering a special diet rich in…

Dishonesty not only damages relation between human beings, it can also have a devastating effect on the economy. Scientists have now found out that in markets for credence goods -- markets that require a high degree of trust -- there are also strong incentives for dishonest behavior.

A possible epigenetic link between the environment and pubertal timing has been discovered by researchers. To a large extent, pubertal timing is heritable, but the underlying genetic causes are still unexplained. Researchers have now studied how chemical modifications of the human genome (so-called…

A new study has identified a gene signature that predicts poor survival from ovarian cancer. The study also identified genes which help the cancer develop resistance to chemotherapy -- offering a new route to help tackle the disease.

By using an innovative 3-D inkjet printing method, researchers have taken the biggest step yet in producing microscopic silk swimming devices that are biodegradable and harmless to a biological system.

Policy makers' and public health officials' proper reactions could hold down the total costs to U.S. GDP of an influenza outbreak. Otherwise, costs could be nearly double previous estimates, say experts in a new report.

A simple preoperative echocardiographic measurement of the amount of torsion -- a twisting motion -- of the heart predicted outcomes of mitral valve surgery in some heart failure patients, according to a novel study.

Satellite cells are stem cells found in skeletal muscles. While transplantation of such muscle stem cells can be a potent therapy for degenerative muscle diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, these cells tend to lose their transplantation efficiency when cultured in vitro. Researchers…

Prostate cancer researchers have discovered biomarkers using non-invasive liquid biopsies to identify aggressive disease before surgery.

Girls who were overweight as children are likely to begin using cigarettes, marijuana or alcohol at an earlier age than their healthy-weight peers, according to a new study.

Emergency services workers who are more likely to suffer episodes of mental ill health later in their careers can be spotted in the first week of training. Researchers wanted to see if they could identify risk factors that made people more likely to suffer post-traumatic stress (PTSD) or major…

Volanesorsen, an experimental lipid-lowering medication, improved insulin sensitivity and glucose control by significantly decreasing patients' overall hemoglobin A1c -- the standard clinical measurement of blood glucose levels for diabetics -- in a new study.

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