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NHGRI researchers have collaborated with physicians and medical geneticists around the world to create the first Atlas of Human Malformation Syndromes in Diverse Populations. Health care providers can use the new atlas to diagnose diverse patients with inherited diseases by comparing physical…
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Researchers are one step closer to understanding the genetic and biological basis of diseases like cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's and rheumatoid arthritis -- and to identifying new drug targets and therapies.
http://dlvr.it/LBk2VC

Although the publication of results of clinical trials carried out in the USA within 12 months of their completion has been mandatory since 2007, an astoundingly high number of Phase III radiotherapy trials did not do so, according to new research. An analysis of 802 trials with a primary…
http://dlvr.it/LBjsbj

Young women with early breast cancer face a difficult choice about whether to opt for a mastectomy or breast conserving therapy (BCT). New research has shown young women, who had early stage breast cancer that had not spread to the lymph nodes and who opted for BCT with radiation therapy, had a 13…
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Children with mild gastroenteritis and minimal dehydration experienced fewer treatment failures such as IV rehydration or hospitalization when offered half-strength apple juice followed by their preferred fluid choice compared with children who received electrolyte maintenance solution to replace…
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Feeding premature babies mostly breast milk during the first month of life appears to spur more robust brain growth. Those preemies whose daily diets were at least 50 percent breast milk had more brain tissue and cortical-surface area by their due dates than premature babies who consumed…
http://dlvr.it/LBjs50

The connection between a family's income and childhood health has been well-established, with lower income linked to poorer health and a greater likelihood of more chronic conditions. Now a new study shows that the size of the paycheck is not all that matters when it comes to children's health…
http://dlvr.it/LBjs2Q

More than one-third of children with autism spectrum disorders have wandered away from a safe environment within the past 12 months, according to new findings. The findings are from a review of CDC data on 1,420 children ages 6 to 17 with ASDs.
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A new epoch-making discovery has been made, which may prove decisive to future brain research. The level of salts in the brain plays a critical role in whether we are asleep or awake. This discovery may be of great importance to research on psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia and convulsive…
http://dlvr.it/LBjJYT

Pioneering gene therapy has restored some vision to patients with a rare form of genetic blindness for as long as four years, raising hopes it could be used to cure common causes of vision loss, new research shows.
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Researchers have found a gene that helps explain why some people appear more youthful than others. The gene is well known for producing red hair and pale skin. Now, it appears that variation in this same gene is also related to differences in how old people look to other people -- their perceived…
http://dlvr.it/LBjJFm

Strokes, seizures, traumatic brain injury and schizophrenia: these conditions can cause persistent, widespread acidity around neurons in the brain. But exactly how that acidity affects brain function isn't well understood.
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Researchers have found that long-term exposure to environmental pollutants was associated with increased risk of mortality for many types of cancer in an elderly Hong Kong population.
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Seen as antithetical to one another, evolution and religion can hardly fit in a scientific discourse simultaneously. One expert has observed the influences a few major religions have had on evolutionists and their scientific thinking. Inspired by the lack of pigmentation and/or eyes in some cave…
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For women who have undergone mastectomy for breast cancer, breast reconstruction using the abdominal 'DIEP flap' provides good long-term quality of life (QOL) -- similar to that of women without breast cancer.
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With an ever-increasing volume of electronic data being collected by the healthcare system, researchers are exploring the use of machine learning -- a subfield of artificial intelligence -- to improve medical care and patient outcomes.
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A modified surgical technique may provide a simpler approach to the surgical treatment for one type of chronic headache, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/LBg0Tz

Assistive technology -- the use of (frequently modified or customized) equipment to improve the functional capabilities of people with special needs -- is an important therapeutic tool. A new study finds that household utensils modified in relatively simple and cheap ways can increase autonomy and…
http://dlvr.it/LBg06F

Researchers have demonstrated a cheap, effective and environmentally friendly way to sterilize medical implants without changing their properties, in contrast to some techniques. This inexpensive technology could save time and money while effectively sterilizing medical implants, does not require…
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By using imaging technologies that allow visualization of the ON and OFF response regions of hundreds of individual cortical neurons, researchers have discovered that fine scale retinal spatial information is preserved by the OFF response regions of cortical neurons, while the ON response regions…
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Caregivers whose eyes wander during playtime -- due to distractions such as smartphones or other technology, for example -- may raise children with shorter attention spans, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/LBLXPW

Medical researchers have obtained a breakthrough in identifying genes that increase the chance for mothers to have dizygotic twins. Researchers believe the findings represent a significant advance in the identification of key mechanisms controlling ovarian function and provide a greater…
http://dlvr.it/LBKGZ0

Hepatitis C virus hijacks the host's fat metabolism for its own survival, growth, and transport in the human body. A study identifies a host gene involved in the formation of HCV virus particles and helps explain why humans with a rare mutation in the gene have problems with their fat metabolism.
http://dlvr.it/LBJxZC

Stem cell therapy is a rapidly evolving and promising treatment for spinal-cord injuries. According to a new literature review, different types of stem cells vary in their ability to help restore function, and an ideal treatment protocol remains unclear pending further clinical research.
http://dlvr.it/LBJl89

A new research report suggests that specific enzymes, called 'salt-inducible kinases,' may be able to help curb runaway inflammation associated with autoimmune diseases like Crohn's disease, arthritis, and psoriasis.
http://dlvr.it/LBJl6b

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