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A new study shows the death of newborn brain cells may be linked to a genetic risk factor for five major psychiatric diseases, and at the same time shows a compound currently being developed for use in humans may have therapeutic value for these diseases by preventing the cells from dying.

New research has uncovered cellular pathways in skin pigment cells that are activated by estrogen and progesterone, and also identified synthetic hormone derivatives that specifically influence the pigment producing pathway. Together, the findings provide critical information that could lead to the…

When human cells are exposed to titanium dioxide without the presence of UV light from the sun, the risk for bacterial infection more than doubles, scientists have discovered.

A drug that slows protein production may help neurons affected by a genetic disease, report scientists. Rapamycin has been shown to extend lifespan and reduce symptoms in a broad range of diseases and, at the cellular level, is known to slow down the rate at which proteins are made. But the new…

The preconceptions and concerns of young US consumers about brain-training smartphone apps are examined in a new scientific study. The work investigated why consumers decide to download these apps, how they use them and what they think their benefits may be.

Less than one percent of children were obese in 1985 compared to 17 percent of boys and 9 percent of girls in 2014, a study from China concludes. Boys may be more overweight than girls because of societal preference for sons, say the authors.

Even small amounts of air pollution appear to raise the risk of a condition in pregnant women linked to premature births and lifelong neurological and respiratory disorders in their children, new research suggests.

A single minute of very intense exercise produces health benefits similar to longer, traditional endurance training, new research indicates. The findings put to rest the common excuse for not getting in shape: there is not enough time.

Leading oncologists from the UK and EU express their support for the UK remaining in Europe. In doing so, they join many other scientists and clinicians who have publically declared their support for remaining in the EU when Britain votes in the referendum on June 23, 2016.

For many years, scientists believed patients developed retinopathy and, as a result of the damage to the blood vessels, later developed neuropathy. In a new study, however, researchers discovered that the sequence of events occurring in the retina due to diabetes is just the opposite of these…

People can become allergically sensitized straight from birth. The importance of early screening is therefore important to detect allergies early for the purposes of preventing serious illness. Therefore, true to the slogan for this 2016 action week, "Close the Immunization Gap" the aim is…

Researchers describe how breast cancer cells challenged with a small-molecule inhibitor targeting specific invasive properties switch to an alternative mode-of-action, rendering them even more aggressive. The results may impair future therapeutic approaches in the TGF-beta pathway.

A computer algorithm that can tell whether you are happy or sad, angry or expressing almost any other emotion would be a boon to the games industry. New research describes such a system that is almost 99 percent accurate.

Brown fat cells can burn fat to generate heat. Researchers have discovered a new method to measure the activity of brown fat cells in humans and mice. The researchers showed that microRNA-92a can be used as an indirect measure for the activity of energy consuming brown fat cells. They showed that a…

A new review of allergen analysis aims to improve the situation for those living with food allergies -- preventing food fraud and protecting consumers. Food allergies are a rapidly growing problem in the developed world, affecting up to 10% of children and 2-3% of adults, yet allergens remain…

A simple technique that makes it possible to quickly and easily develop a new type of vaccines has been developed by researchers. The simple and effective technique will pave the way for effective vaccines against not only infectious diseases but also cancer and other chronic diseases.

Patients do not need to check their cholesterol levels on an empty stomach, new research from Denmark, Canada and the US involving more than 300,000 individuals suggests. So far fasting has been required before cholesterol and triglyceride measurement in all countries except Denmark, where…

Though not approved for use in newborns, doctors prescribe the drugs to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and to help with other conditions diagnosed in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). However, several published studies have associated the use of some acid suppression medications…

A new study evaluated the expected outcomes of both synthetic and natural marijuana.

Peppermint tea can help improve long-term and working memory and in healthy adults.

People crave fatty and sugary foods when they are bored.

Listening to traffic reports on the radio could be bad for your driving – you could even miss an elephant standing by the side of the road.

Online troublemakers tend to be socially well connected. Some Facebook users therefore, remain friends online with troublemakers because they are worried about the repercussions if they 'unfriend' them.

It's a perennial challenge for institutions of any size, the balance between nimbleness and scale. Start-ups can adapt quickly, changing course to keep up with users' shifting behavior or to take advantage of the latest technology. Larger organizations have broader reach, but are notoriously slow…

A new study is the first study to demonstrate that promoting explicit whistleblower protections can have the unintended consequence of actually inhibiting reporting of misconduct by intensifying the perceived risk of retaliation.

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