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Studying a new type of pinhead-size, lab-grown brain made with technology first suggested by three high school students, researchers have confirmed a key way in which Zika virus causes microcephaly and other damage in fetal brains: by infecting specialized stem cells that build its outer layer, the…
http://dlvr.it/L7Sj6t

One of the secrets to rich milk production in lactation has just been uncovered. New studies have revealed that breast cells develop two nuclei as the breast switches on lactation to nurture the newborn.This change begins to occur in late pregnancy with the generation of vast numbers of cells with…
http://dlvr.it/L7STk2

Cells in the body exchange a number of signals with their surroundings. Deficient signal pathways may adversely affect the function of cells and cause diseases. However, we hardly know more than the vocabulary of cellular language. It is unknown how the "words" are combined in "sentences". If cell…
http://dlvr.it/L7SBt1

Prevention of cardiovascular events in elderly patients presents a therapeutic challenge because this age group is generally underrepresented in clinical trials, and doctors often assume that it is too late to initiate preventive therapy in the elderly. A review by clinical experts of the best…
http://dlvr.it/L7RvRT

Human patrols serve as the most direct form of protection of endangered animals, especially in large national parks. However, protection agencies have limited resources for patrolling.With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Army Research Office, researchers are using…
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Researchers report that a fatty chemical naturally found in damaged tissues can induce an unexpected kind of immune response, causing immune cells to go into a 'hyperactive' state that is highly effective at rallying infection-fighting T-cells. The findings could enhance vaccines and make them much…
http://dlvr.it/L7RvBV

The smoking cessation medications varenicline and bupropion do not appear to increase the incidence of serious neuropsychiatric side effects compared to placebo, according to a new study.
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In July 2014, I blogged about NCCIH's Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs. Today, I'd like to tell you about two examples of mind and body projects that NCCIH has funded under these mechanisms. As a quick refresher, Federal funding…
http://dlvr.it/L79d01

by Egle Marija Ramanauskaite Earlier this year, we introduced you to WeCureALZ – a groundbreaking new project that for the first time is set to use the power of citizen science to conduct Alzheimer's research. Enabled by the support of the BrightFocus Foundation, the team is already preparing for…
http://dlvr.it/L78jCW

An easy-to-use online tool to help build people's trust in the cloud has been developed by computer scientists. Cloud computing is widely recognized as a highly useful technology, with multiple benefits such as huge data storage capabilities, computational power, lower costs for companies and…
http://dlvr.it/L76y8V

A new molecular pathway has been identified that is critical for maintaining the smooth muscle tone that allows the passage of materials through the digestive system.
http://dlvr.it/L76lVl

The most aggressive form of pancreatic cancer -- often described as one of the hardest malignancies to diagnose and treat -- thrives in the presence of neighboring tumor cells undergoing a particular form of 'orchestrated cell death,' according to a major study.
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A smartphone application that projects a magnified smartphone screen to Google Glass has been developed, which allows users to navigate using head movements to view a corresponding portion of the magnified screen. They have shown that the technology can potentially benefit low-vision users, many of…
http://dlvr.it/L76VP0

While scientists have known for many years that there are cells living in the cavities surrounding various organs such as the heart, lung and liver, their function has remained unknown. A recent study examined these cells, and discovered they play an integral role in fast tissue repair.
http://dlvr.it/L75kNN

Do survivors of childhood cancer return to normal health as they grow up? New research finds young adult survivors of childhood cancer, age 18-29, report health-related quality of life that resembles that of adults, 40-49, in the general population, according to a study.
http://dlvr.it/L75hsC

Timing is everything when it comes to the development of the vertebrate face. In a new study, researchers have identified the roles of key molecular signals that control this critical timing.
http://dlvr.it/L75RN0

To help change the world, have a look inside your fridge -- this is one of the messages contained in a new article. Food waste has attained monumental proportions in both the developed and developing worlds, and the sum of individual consumer's actions can have major impacts on a global scale,…
http://dlvr.it/L75RFC

The objective of a new review is to evaluate published clinical reports related to hearing impairment in patients with RA. Furthermore, researchers discuss possible pathologies and associated factors as well as new treatment modalities.
http://dlvr.it/L75R8J

Scientists have derived a structural model of a transporter at the blood-brain barrier called Mfsd2a. This is the first molecular model of this critical transporter, and could prove important for the development of therapeutic agents that need to be delivered to the brain --- across the blood-brain…
http://dlvr.it/L75R3n

Everyone preparing for the London Marathon likely knows that to perform their best during the event, they need to rest up now. New research describes a new mechanism through which B cells ensure that they rest up between intensive developmental events.
http://dlvr.it/L75Qyq

A study reveals a molecule that triggers cancer recognition in natural killer (NK) cells. The study defines an important role for CD2 in stimulating NK cell responses to therapeutic antibodies. The findings pave the way for improving antibody-based cancer immunotherapy and to develop new cell…
http://dlvr.it/L75Qky

Research scientists has demonstrated how it is possible to suppress the resistance of fungi to antifungal drugs. The experiments were conducted on the cells of baker's yeast, a common fungal model object.
http://dlvr.it/L75QXz

Scientists have elucidated for the first time how a notoriously elusive serotonin receptor functions with atom-level detail. The receptor transmits electrical signals in neurons and is involved in various disorders, meaning that the discovery opens the way for new treatments.
http://dlvr.it/L752sw

By turning skin cells into brain neurons, researchers have identified that certain tiny molecules aiding in gene expression, known as microRNAs (miRNAs), are under-expressed in the brains of the 14 schizophrenia patients they studied.
http://dlvr.it/L74vMQ

Scientists delineate molecular details of a new bacterial CRISPR-Cpf1 system and open possible avenue for alternative gene editing uses like targeting several genes in parallel.
http://dlvr.it/L74dqP

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