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Two tiny clusters of neurons in the brain stem are responsible for transforming normal breaths into sighs, say researchers. The discovery may one day benefit patients who cannot breathe deeply on their own -- or who suffer from disorders in which frequent sighing becomes debilitating.
http://dlvr.it/KS2zv8

Gene expression in a fruit fly embryo can be accurately and predictably tuned, new research shows. This study has important implications in cellular and developmental biology, with potential applications in stem cell reprogramming and regenerative medicine.
http://dlvr.it/KS2zq3

Despite strong preferences for ethical chocolate in focus groups, only 14 percent of millennials in individual choice studies selected candy with ethical or social factors labeling, according to a study. In addition, a majority of millennials also prefer chocolate with clean labeling.
http://dlvr.it/KS2zmb

A large scale study that included women from Germany and China has demonstrated a link between levels of traffic-related air pollution and air pollution-associated gases with the formation of dark spots on the skin, known as lentigenes. The most pronounced changes were observed on the cheeks of…
http://dlvr.it/KS2zjT

Researchers have new insight into the complex interchange that can raise blood levels of unhealthy lipids, or fat, in type 1 diabetes, and early evidence that a drug under study to block cancer cell growth can restore healthier levels.
http://dlvr.it/KS2Sb7

Our knowledge of food and our kitchen skills are highly dependent on our level of income and on whether we have children living at home, say investigators at the conclusion of their study in Denmark.
http://dlvr.it/KS2SKb

Type 2 diabetes accounts for around 90 percent of diabetes cases as well as being one of the major cardiovascular risk factors. Researchers have found an epigenetic mechanism implicated in the regulation of blood sugar. The results of this work could help identify patients at risk of developing…
http://dlvr.it/KS2Ry0

A new sensor will make life safer for the elderly, say its developers. Pressure measurements enable a newly developed fall detector to "observe" falls that current sensors do not register, thus improving safety for older people who live at home.
http://dlvr.it/KS0f7T

Scientists are intending to develop and trial a new wearable technology to help people who have had a stroke recover use of their arm and hand. The team will create a wireless sleeve, which will provide automatic, intelligent information about muscle movement and strength while patients practice…
http://dlvr.it/KS065v

For the first time, researchers have demonstrated a direct link between the Wbp2 gene and progressive hearing loss. The scientists report that the loss of Wbp2 expression leads to progressive high-frequency hearing loss in mouse as well as in two clinical cases of children with deafness with no…
http://dlvr.it/KS05w0

New research on the brain and memory could help in developing therapies for people with schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. This work sheds new light on the internal workings of the brain, specifically regions involved in recognizing and remembering objects.
http://dlvr.it/KRzWvJ

The thousands of unaccompanied asylum seeking children (UASC) entering Europe to seek escape from war and poverty are in the headlines as the British Government considers the acceptance of 3000 refugee children to the UK. In addition to the loss of their families, many of these children will also…
http://dlvr.it/KRzWjC

In a randomized control trial, volunteer participants were subjected to Taser shocks and tested for cognitive impairment. Some showed short-term declines in cognitive functioning comparable to dementia, raising serious questions about the ability of police suspects to understand their rights at the…
http://dlvr.it/KRz6Qd

Ultra runner Susie Chan has set a new 12-hour treadmill world record with the support of sport science and exercise experts. The 40 year old, from Farnham, Surrey, ran a total distance of 68.54 miles (110.3km) in 12 hours – beating the previous women's record for the same time period of 66.79 miles.
http://dlvr.it/KRz6QV

Researchers have developed a technique to implement silicon large-scale integration chips in a very thin film of thickness. This fabrication method has the potential to realize a low-invasive flexible device for monitoring brain activity. This study will contribute to the development of…
http://dlvr.it/KRz6QQ

Scientists have studied the reduced-soreness phenomenon for decades, but they still can't figure out exactly why people feel less sore the second time around. What they do know is the immune system plays some role in how the muscle repairs itself and protects against additional damage. But now…
http://dlvr.it/KRz6Q2

Stem cell-derived heart muscle cells may fail to effectively replace damaged cardiac tissue because they don't contract strongly enough, according to a new study. This may help explain why stem cell-based therapies have so far shown limited benefits for heart attack patients in clinical trials.
http://dlvr.it/KRz684

There is a strong relationship between sleep problems and poor academic performances among adolescents, a new study demonstrates. Results show that high school students going to bed between 10 and 11 p.m. on weekdays get better grades.
http://dlvr.it/KRz5ry

It may be possible to increase the neuron reserve of the hippocampus – and thus improve preconditions for learning – by promoting neurogenesis via sustained aerobic exercise such as running, say researchers.
http://dlvr.it/KRz5dQ

It is possible to measure the alcohol consumption of a given population based on the presence of a stable metabolite excreted in urine in wastewaters: ethyl sulphate. Now research is focused on the scientifically quantification of the massive spike in drinking in Valencia during local festivities.
http://dlvr.it/KRyW56

People are more likely to misidentify a toy as a weapon after seeing a black face than a white face, even when the face in question is that of a five-year-old child, new research concludes.
http://dlvr.it/KRyVrB

Three quarters of the UK public back a ban on junk food advertising before the 9pm TV watershed, according to a new survey. And one in two support a tax on sugary drinks, which could help tackle the rising childhood obesity epidemic.
http://dlvr.it/KRyVYd

Stress in the body's cells is both the cause and consequence of inflammatory diseases or cancer. The cells react to stress to protect themselves. Researchers have now developed a new technique that allows studying a fundamental response to stress in much more detail than previously possible: the…
http://dlvr.it/KRxsRF

Renal cell carcinoma can sometimes spread to the inferior vena cava (IVC), the body's largest vein, posing a threat to the heart and brain. Robotic nephrectomy for inferior vena cava tumor thrombus has favorable outcomes in selected patients compared with open surgery, which can have a high rate of…
http://dlvr.it/KRxsLn

Symptoms of knee instability in older adults may indicate an increased risk of falling and of experiencing the various physical and psychological effects that can result from falling, according to a new study.
http://dlvr.it/KRxlzw

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