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Three-dimensional analysis, virtual surgical planning, and computer-aided design and manufacturing techniques are leading to new and refined approaches to reconstructive surgery of the skull, face, and jaw, according to a special topic article.

Researchers have discovered the mechanism that drives specialized immune cells that detect and kill cancer cells in the body, offering scientists a new way to develop potential drug targets and cancer treatments.

Neurosurgeons at Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix are involved with testing the viability of deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat Alzheimer's disease, a disorder that currently has few treatment options. Results from the Phase 2 study, reported in the Journal of Neurosurgery on Dec. 18,…

The number of men smoking tobacco in India rose by more than one-third to 108 million between 1998 and 2015, according to a new study.

Researchers are working to advance the state of knowledge about human factors aspects of autonomous passenger vehicles, including an assessment of the level of drivers' trust in the autonomous car, and how drivers will respond best to verbal prompts alerting them to driving conditions and the state…

Radiotherapy effectively damages brain tumors but the cancer cells can repair themselves in order to live on. Now, researchers have tested a strategy that combines radiotherapy with a drug that shuts down the ability of tumor to mend themselves.

There is no treatment for infection with the dangerous hantavirus. Scientists have now identified the three-dimensional structure of a hantavirus protein that is essential for replication of the virus. They have published their findings, providing a blueprint for the design of antiviral drugs.

Researchers have found a bacterial species responsible for gum disease, Porphyromonas gingivalis, is present in 61 percent of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Research led by investigators in veterinary and human medicine has identified genetic pathways that exacerbate severity of canine compulsive disorder in Doberman pinschers, a discovery that could lead to better therapies for obsessive compulsive disorder in people.

Reliable information about the structure of pharmaceutical compounds is important for patient safety, for the development of related drugs and for patenting purposes. However, working out the structures of pharmaceuticals can be tough.

A research group has identified a Pac-Man-like enzyme called 'Trimmer' involved in the generation of a class of small RNAs, which protect the genome of germ cells from unwanted genetic rewriting.

New research has identified key factors that drive blood cell development by recapitulating this process in a culture dish. Cells with the ability to give rise to blood are normally specified in the early embryo over a number of developmental stages and eventually form blood stem cells that are…

People searching for something can find it faster if they know what to look for. But new research suggests knowing what not to look for can be just as helpful.

A new study identifies the food choices and nutritional profiles of people living in America's food deserts. People with less access to grocery stores eat food that is 5 to 17 percent higher in fat, cholesterol and sugars compared to those shared in non-food deserts areas.

New research demonstrates novel drug discovery paradigm to target the aggregation of the Tau protein linked to the onset of Alzheimer's and other related neurodegenerative diseases.

A breakthrough in understanding human skin cells offers a pathway for new anti-aging treatments.

Driverless vehicles could intensify car use, reducing or even eliminating promised energy savings and environmental benefits, a new study has warned.

Scientists are trying to reengineer and simplify music to be more enjoyable for listeners with cochlear implants.

The annual plastic surgery procedural statistics show that in 2015 there were 15.9 million surgical and minimally invasive cosmetic procedures performed in the United States -- up 2 percent from 2014.

Scientists have discovered how two enzymes play a critical role in ensuring quality control during splicing. In a new study, they found these molecules most likely apply physical tension to RNA to keep wrong sites from being cut. This action not only prevents splicing errors, it also enables the…

In January, a pregnant Brazilian woman infected with the Zika virus had a stillborn baby who had signs of severe tissue swelling as well as central nervous system defects that caused near-complete loss of brain tissue. It is the first report to indicate a possible association of congenital Zika…

Researchers have conducted a study of Ebola survivors to describe the medical problems they continue to have after recovering from the acute disease.

Advanced calcium imaging of zebrafish brains is helping researchers discover how sensory stimuli such as sights and sounds are integrated in the human brain.

Why do opponents of same-sex marriage really oppose it? A new psychology study concludes that many people believe gays are more sexually promiscuous than heterosexuals and may fear that sexual promiscuity threatens their own marriages and their way of life.

Researchers have found that using machine learning at arraignments can cut repeat domestic violence.

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