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Every day, we constantly absorb information through our sensory organs, which the brain then needs to process correctly. The information initially reaches the thalamus and then travels to the cerebral cortex. The neurons in the so-called higher-order thalamus form the connecting lines between both…

Social inequality is directly linked to public support for increasingly harsh criminal justice policy in the UK despite falling crime rates, a study has found. People's attitudes to criminals, say researchers, are not just shaped by the crimes they have committed but also by their perceived low…

Parental support programs in areas with the greatest needs can have a positive effect on the consumption of unhealthy food and drink and on weight increases in obese children, according to a randomized study.

By analysing genetic data from 175,000 people around the world, geneticists have now discovered and distinguished 53 genes related to kidney functionality and development. These findings represent an important step in creating an 'ID card' for the organ responsible for purifying our blood, while…

In an effort to develop a method for cartilage tissue engineering, researchers have successfully used cartilage cells from cow knee joints. By creating a successful method with conditions conducive to growing healthy cartilage tissue, the findings could help lead to a new treatment cure for…

Numerous genetic variants associated with risk for schizophrenia have been identified. However, little is known about how these genes have their effects in the brain.

The Nicoya peninsula in northwestern Costa Rica is one of the most beautiful places on the planet. This 75-mile sliver of land, just south of the Nicaraguan border, is covered with cattle pastures and tropical rain forests that stretch down to the crashing waves of the Pacific Ocean. The coastline…

The scars of childhood abuse and neglect affect adults' brains for decades to come -- including their ability to process and act on information both quickly and accurately, new research suggests. That kind of quick "go or don't go" thinking is crucial to everyday situations and emergencies. And it…

Correctly diagnosing Alzheimer's disease remains a challenge for medical professionals. Now, a new study reveals a new clue to possible misdiagnosis.

GenomeSpace, a cloud-based, biologist-friendly platform that connects more than 20 bioinformatics software packages and resources for genomic data analysis, how now been released for use. The development team is now crowdsourcing "recipes" — step-by-step workflows — to better enable non-programming…

Blacks are nearly three times more likely to have a stroke at age 45 than whites, new data show. By age 85, there is no difference in stroke risk for the two races. Also, race did not appear to increase second stroke risk for black participants in relation to white participants at any age.

In a study involving the fruit fly equivalent of an oncogene implicated in many human leukemias, a research team has gained insight into how developing cells normally switch to a restricted, or specialized, state and how that process might go wrong in cancer. The researchers were surprised to…

Males that mate with multiple partners may actually experience a reduction in paternity rates, due to sperm competition, as their partners will also mate with many other males.

Despite widespread perception, the United States does not provide the worst end-of-life care in the world. In the first international comparison of end-of-life care practices, researchers from seven countries found that the United States actually has the lowest proportion of deaths in the hospital…

Proteins associated with cancer suppression and prevention of hypoxia have been identified by researchers as key players in the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Attending weekly 'self-management' group sessions which encouraged socialization, discussion, problem solving and goal setting fostered independence and promoted social support among people with dementia, a study has concluded.

Text message reminders help people stick to their prescribed treatment with improved blood pressure as a result, a new study concludes.

People experiencing anxiety and inhibition have more activity in the right side of the brain, causing them to walk in a leftward trajectory. New research has, for the first time, linked the activation of the brain's two hemispheres with lateral shifts in people's walking trajectories.

New findings reveal another piece of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) puzzle. A research team identified a protein that can protect against the toxic degeneration of cells in diseases like ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

Twice as many patients with non-serious injuries, such as fractures or neck strain, are undergoing CT scans in emergency departments at California hospitals, according to a new study, which tracked the use of the imaging from 2005 to 2013.

Making water more available in NYC public schools through self-serve water dispensers in cafeterias resulted in small -- but statistically significant -- declines in students' weight, according to new findings.

For patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease, there were no clinically meaningful benefits to activities of daily living or quality of life associated with physiotherapy and occupational therapy in a study conducted in the United Kingdom, according to an article.

Body-mass index (BMI) and aerobic capacity in late adolescence were important factors associated with the long-term of risk of hypertension in adulthood for military conscripts in Sweden, according to an article.

Enrollees in high-deductible health plans were no more likely than enrollees in traditional plans to consider going to another health care professional or to compare out-of-pocket cost differences across health care professionals during their last use of medical care, according to an article.

Lab-grown neural networks have the ability to replace lost axonal tracks in the brains of patients with severe head injuries, strokes or neurodegenerative diseases and can be safely delivered with minimal disruption to brain tissue, according to new research.

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