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Citizen scientists help make discoveries about how genetics may shape the way we taste food. by Kristin Butler Turkey or ham? Stuffing or mashed potatoes? Pumpkin or apple pie? As I prepared for Thanksgiving this year, I reflected on all the culinary choices this feasting day offers and wondered…
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A first-of-its-kind (anti-PD-1) immunotherapy was recently approved by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration as first-line treatment for metastatic melanoma—allowing greater access to this therapy for patients without having to previously receive other prior treatments.
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Researchers have found that magnesium intake may be beneficial in preventing pancreatic cancer. Using information from the VITamins and Lifestyle study, the study analyzed data on more than 66,000 men and women, between the ages of 50 and 76, looking at the direct association between magnesium and…
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Researchers report that information and resources regarding effective therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder are not easily available for nonveterans, who can be affected by the condition after crimes, disasters, and accidents. They offer recommendations for improvement.
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An enzyme crucial to keeping our immune system healthy "surfs" along the strands of DNA inside our cells, scientists have shown for the first time. The researchers used extremely powerful microscopy to watch how the enzyme AID (activation-induced deoxycytidine deaminase) moves around and interacts…
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Researchers from Stanford University, with funding from NCCIH, have created an innovative way to produce opioid drugs from sugar using genetically modified yeast. The new process and the methods used to develop it are described in a recent issue of the journal Science.
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Mice that had strokes rebounded significantly faster if they received low doses of a popular sleeping aid, according to researchers. Zolpidem, better known by the trade name Ambien, has long been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for treating insomnia. But it has never before been…
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If governments want to discourage smoking among young people, both high taxes and smoking bans do the job – but bans may have one key advantage, say researchers. A first-of-its-kind American study found that bans worked best at limiting smoking among more casual users: Those who smoked less than a…
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Measures instituted in recent years to encourage the sharing of scientific information appear to have reduced the overall level of withholding of data and materials among academic life science researchers, an investigation concludes.
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Phagocytosis represents a critical innate barrier against infection and serves the clearance of extracellular microbes, infected and dying cells. Different immune cells use phagocytosis for microbial killing, but in dendritic cells (DCs) it mainly serves the processing and presentation of specific…
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Researchers are looking for a relationship between eye movement and the brain to find biomarkers to help diagnose and treat concussions.
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Pre-adolescent children who have sustained sports-related concussions have impaired brain function two years following injury, new research indicates. Over a million brain injuries are treated annually in the U.S. While organized sports at all levels have implemented safety protocols for preventing…
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At least once a week, two thirds of all children of primary-school age will play an internet game that was created to draw attention to a brand. Most of these advertisements are for snacks and candy. Only 6% of these children are aware that such advergames are advertisements. In the meantime, such…
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Using a portable device, researchers have identified differences in brain activation patterns associated with postural stability in people with Parkinsonian syndromes and healthy adults. The findings describe the critical role of the prefrontal cortex in balance control and may have implications…
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A well-known 'superbug' which was thought to have been a static or non-motile organism has been observed showing signs of active motility by scientists.
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A new discovery could open the door to one day treat or prevent diseases caused by West Nile virus and Dengue virus infections. Together the viruses are the cause of tens of millions of infections each year. Currently there are no treatments or vaccines available.
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Chronic inflammation in the bloodstream can 'fan the flames' of depression, much like throwing gasoline on a fire, according to a new paper.
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For the first time, biopsies of patients with irritable bowel syndrome have shown that the nerves in their gut wall respond poorly to a cocktail of inflammatory substances. This refutes the previous theory that patients with irritable bowel syndrome have an overly sensitive gut.
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Researchers describe their test of antibiotic-infused block copolymers in their plastic spacers to protect craniofacial tissue from infection while healing.
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For the first time, researchers have succeeded in producing 3-D images showing oxygen and carbon dioxide transport in the lungs. The new method provides hope for better treatment of COPD and lung cancer.
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Microfluidic biochips are developed to perform blood cell counts using only a drop blood. The clinical trials of the biosensor show a high correlation with the standard hematology analyzer counts.
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The caffeine in a morning cup of coffee could help improve athletic endurance, according to a new review study.
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Eating a moderate amount of almonds each day may enrich the diets of adults and their young children. In the study, when parents and children were eating almonds, their Healthy Eating Index increased for total protein foods, seafood and plant proteins and fatty acids, while they ate fewer empty…
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For a long time it has been known that the protein TOR - Target of Rapamycin -- controls cell growth and is involved in the development of diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Researchers have now examined the structure of mammalian TOR complex 1 (mTORC1) in more detail.
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A new statistical method could help to clarify the function of unknown genes. A research team has adapted and tested a filter method from speech signal processing that makes sequencing data more interpretable.
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