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A team of researchers has mapped out a universal dynamic that explains the production and distribution of proteins in a cell, a process that varies in detail from protein to protein and cell to cell, but that always results in the same statistical pattern.

New evidence has been found suggesting some human induced pluripotent stem cells are the 'functional equivalent' of human embryonic stem cells, a finding that may begin to settle a long running argument.

Researchers have tested 10 commercially available products for their effectiveness at repelling mosquitoes. Through their work, they found that mosquitoes were strongly repelled by all products containing DEET. For the other products, they found mixed results.

By observing evolution's 'greatest hits' (and misses) and the history of the major themes and patterns of genome conservation (and divergence) across many species, one scientist's approach predicts probable mutations that will be found among people and the fate of human variation.

It will be increasingly difficult for protein molecules to remain anonymous, and increasingly easy for doctors and patients to detect the early stages of latent diseases, say investigators who have perfected a method of producing thin detecting films that are able to recognize specific proteins.…

For patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the possibility of taking one pill to bring long-lasting relief might seem too good to be true. Scientists are on the brink of making that happen, thanks to a recent proof-of-concept study, in which the severity of a form of IBD in mice was…

People who counted bites over a month's time lost roughly four pounds -- just about what the CDC recommends for 'healthy' weight loss -- reports new research. Those in the pilot test counted the number of bites they took each day and then committed to taking 20 to 30 percent less bites over the…

Chemical changes in brain cells caused by disturbances in the body's day-night cycle may be a key underlying cause of the learning and memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study.

A new study could help provide a clearer understanding of why black and Latino patients are less likely to trust their physicians than white patients. The report used a new method to examine social survey data and found that race differentiates beliefs in physician trust even after adjusting for…

Autophagy, the degradation of unwanted cellular bits and pieces by the cell itself, has been shown for the first time to also work in the cell nucleus. In addition, in this setting autophagy plays a role in guarding against the start of cancer and is related to the aging process.

Researchers have announced an important advance in the field of cancer imaging and phototherapy, using a single-agent system that may ultimately change the efficacy of cancer surgery and treatment around the world.

New data finds that rates among African-American women in the United States have continued to increase, converging with rates among white women and closing a gap that had existed for decades.

Older women who complain of memory problems may be at higher risk for experiencing diagnosed memory and thinking impairment decades later, new research suggests.

If you are trying to achieve a goal, the more often that you monitor your progress, the greater the likelihood that you will succeed, according to research. Your chances of success are even more likely if you report your progress publicly or physically record it.

Increasing cigarette exercise taxes may have the unintended consequence of encouraging consumers to seek higher nicotine content and more dangerous cigarette products, according to a study.

The sight of a face offers more than a collection of features; it can provide critical information about the whole individual. A new brain imaging study shows that parts of a primate face processing system prefer faces with bodies, offering some insight into how faces convey social information.

Many transgender men who have the capacity to bear children are faced with barriers in the health-care system as a result of a lack of training, argue two experts in a new report.

A new study is among the first to show how bipolar disorder affects neurons in the brain, noting fundamental differences in patient cells. Moreover, this study reveals why some patients respond to treatment with lithium while others don't.

Drug abusers are not completely abandoning prescription opioids for heroin, according to researchers. Instead, many use the two concurrently based on their availability. The findings also reveal regional variations in the use of heroin and prescription painkillers.

If you don't have health insurance, or your insurance coverage still leaves you with big bills, hospitals are supposed to let you know if you qualify for free or reduced-price care, and to charge you fairly even if you don't. (That is, if they want to keep their tax-free nonprofit status.) But a…

What is the decisive factor for identification with Europe? Contact with people from European countries plays a more minor role, new research reveals. Personal interests are far more important: EU citizens living in Switzerland feel more closely linked to Europe than their Swiss counterparts…

Bacteria have many methods of adapting to resist antibiotics, but a new class of spiral polypeptides targets one thing no bacterium can live without: an outer membrane. The polypeptides act as bacterial hole-punchers, perforating the bacterial membrane until the cell falls apart. The antimicrobial…

Researchers have made another important step in the progress towards being able to block the development of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other autoimmune diseases.

Gastric cancer, otherwise known as stomach cancer, does not respond well to existing treatments and it is currently the third leading cause of cancer death in the world (after lung and liver cancer). Researchers have discovered that certain drugs, currently used to treat breast, ovarian and…

The practice of sharing a husband may, in some circumstances, lead to greater health and wealth for women and their children, new research suggests. And polygyny--where one husband has more than one wife--is decried by the United Nations Human Rights Committee and women's rights organizations as…

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