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Scientists have decoded a central signal cascade associated with epileptic seizures. If the researchers blocked a central switch in epileptic mice, the frequency and severity of the seizures decreased. Using a novel technology, it was possible to observe the processes prior to the occurrence of…
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A hydrogel infused with snake venom may be the best material to stop bleeding quickly, even in the presence of anti-coagulants, according to scientists.
http://dlvr.it/CYhSgn

Some corals are more protective than others of their partner algae in harsh environmental conditions, new research reveals. This individual variation among corals could reflect a greater capacity than currently is recognized to adapt to changing ocean conditions brought about by climate change.
http://dlvr.it/CYhWRc

Two wrongs don't make a right, but in the case of genetic mutations, having two mutations in the same gene could be better than having either one individually. Researchers found that two separate genetic modifications each greatly reduced the function of the myosin muscle protein in fruit flies,…
http://dlvr.it/CYhTZ3

This year, more than 158,000 Americans are expected to die from lung cancer. That's a staggering number: it's more than all the deaths expected from breast, prostate, colon, rectum, bladder and skin cancers combined. But this grim statistic only spurs one lung cancer doctor and scientist to work…
http://dlvr.it/CYhWMB

Although Lewy Body disease (LBD) is the second-most-common degenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease (AD), it's not exactly a household name. A fast, new test can assess clinical signs and symptoms of this disease, and discriminate between AD and LBD with 96.8 percent accuracy.
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An expansive global review answers a basic scientific question, "How do you describe a 'rare disease?'" A broad international group of researchers examined the similarities and differences in rare disease definitions and prevalence thresholds -- across geography and stakeholders.
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Bioscientists have discovered the function of a fundamental biological mechanism. Their findings are significant for the stress biology of human cells as well as the development of agricultural crops that are highly resistant to their primary stressor, drought.
http://dlvr.it/CYhZYM

When a patient arrives in the operating room (O.R.) for surgery, one of the first things a physician will do is take his or her blood pressure, a "baseline" measurement used throughout the procedure. However, a new study has found that blood pressure taken before the patient enters the O.R. may…
http://dlvr.it/CYh0pN

Human-centered design can greatly stimulate the improvement of safe patient care through technology, concludes one expert. She researched the ways in which eHealth solutions can contribute to increasing the quality of the work of healthcare professionals such as nurses: more efficient and safer…
http://dlvr.it/CYgyNJ

The first study to measure the incidence of medication errors and adverse drug events during the perioperative period -- immediately before, during and right after a surgical procedure -- has found that some sort of mistake or adverse event occurred in every second operation and in 5 percent of…
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Unless there is a major shift in the way the world fights tuberculosis -- from a reliance on biomedical solutions to an approach that combines biomedical interventions with social actions -- the epidemic and drug resistance will worsen, say researchers.
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People could soon be using their smartphones to combat a deadly form of air pollution, thanks to a potentially life-saving breakthrough by researchers.
http://dlvr.it/CYgJJW

The potential negative impact of games receives a lot of media coverage, yet new research illustrates how games can have a positive impact in our society. The researchers use a new approach in game design-- 'embedded game design'-- to demonstrate how games can change players' biases, reduce social…
http://dlvr.it/CYgN5p

For the first time, researchers show how health in different regions of China has changed in recent decades. The research analyzes life expectancy, causes of death, and child mortality for 31 provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions of China, and Hongkong and Macao special administrative…
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An initiative to show consumers which products are more environmentally friendly needs to be easy to understand to be effective, say investigators.
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Expectant mothers in their first trimester should avoid certain cosmetics, cleaning agents and medicines, to protect the developing fetal brain from chemicals that can trigger autism, health researchers advise.
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"Most digital learning tools used in schools are unsatisfactory and only test the knowledge the pupils already have", says Björn Sjödén, who has reviewed a large number of computer programs in his doctoral thesis "What Makes Good Educational Software?"
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Researchers at SUNY Downstate Medical Center and Arizona State University have published the first study of levels of parabens -- antibacterial substances commonly used as preservatives in cosmetics and other products -- in human cord blood samples. The researchers found that a cohort of pregnant…
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A small molecule in cells that was believed to have no impact on animal behavior could in fact be responsible for controlling precise movements, according to new research.
http://dlvr.it/CYJ03w

Dermal leishmaniasis is an ulcerous skin disease caused by a tropical parasite, all forms of which can be treated with the drug miltefosine. Researchers in India studied the responses of 86 patients treated with miltefosine over 18 months that indicated a developing parasitic resistance to the…
http://dlvr.it/CYHxhx

Most healthy women can skip the fasting and, in fact, would benefit from eating a light meal during labor, suggests new research. Improvements in anesthesia care have made pain control during labor safer, reducing risks related to eating, researchers note.
http://dlvr.it/CYDv6X

Although it is not uncommon for pediatric patients to be prescribed opioids to treat certain types of moderate to severe pain, new research suggests these patients may be prescribed more opioids than necessary following surgery. A new study found nearly 60 percent of opioids dispensed to pediatric…
http://dlvr.it/CYDxw9

Women who received magnesium sulfate during labor were less likely to develop maternal fever, a condition that can lead to a variety of complications in newborns including difficulty breathing, seizures, cerebral palsy and a condition known as "floppy baby syndrome," characterized by inadequate…
http://dlvr.it/CYF19j

With football remaining one of the most popular sports for children and teens, the American Academy of Pediatrics is issuing new recommendations to improve the safety of all players while on the field.
http://dlvr.it/CYDlDF

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