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It was hoped that the development of accelerated partial breast irradiation would increase the number of early-stage breast cancer patients getting radiation treatment. A new study, however, has found that adoption of the technique has stagnated -- and many women still aren't getting the radiation…
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Presenting and discussing a menu of treatment options is good for both the patient and the physician according to a new article.
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A new study finds tobacco users would pay more for a health insurance plan from the Affordable Care Act exchanges than non-tobacco users in nearly every county of the 37 states that used healthcare.gov to sell their plans in 2015.
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Treatment patterns for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) have shifted since the 1990s, with more U.S. women opting for lumpectomy in combination with radiation rather than single-breast mastectomy, according to a study. But the researchers also found an increased tendency for women to seek removal of…
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While resident physicians responsible for the care of hospital patients are always able to call a supervising senior physician for advice on handling situations that may come up, which situations require immediate consultation and which can wait until the next day can sometimes be unclear. A new…
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A new study shows that Magnet hospitals nationally accredited for nursing excellence have higher patient ratings of care than other hospitals. The study suggests that hospitals seeking to improve patient satisfaction, and qualify for new financial incentives, would be well advised to consider…
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Multipotent mesechymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been recognized as a source of adipocytes both in vivo and in vitro. It is reported that, simultaneous activation of canonical signaling pathways by dexamethasone through the glucocorticoid receptor and CCAAT-enchancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) and…
http://dlvr.it/CPGwC0

The likelihood of a transgender person attempting suicide is very high, often because of the prejudice, transphobia and other stressors. A new study examined factors that may protect transgender adults from attempting suicide. Its conclusions also inform medical and mental health professionals who…
http://dlvr.it/CPGw3J

Physicists have devised a way to use diamonds to identify cancerous tumors before they become life threatening. Their findings reveal how a nanoscale, synthetic version of the precious gem can light up early-stage cancers in non-toxic, non-invasive Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans.
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Scientists have calculated more precise measurements of heritability -- the influence of underlying genes -- in nine autoimmune diseases that begin in childhood. The research may strengthen researchers' abilities to better predict a child's risk for associated autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune…
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Dying at home could be beneficial for terminally ill cancer patients and their relatives, according to research. The study shows that, according to questionnaires completed by their relatives, those who die at home experience more peace and a similar amount of pain compared to those who die in…
http://dlvr.it/CPFNqw

An estimated seven to ten million people worldwide are living with Parkinson's disease (PD). More than half of PD patients develop progressive disease showing signs of dementia similar to Alzheimer's disease. A research team has discovered that non-inheritable PD may be caused by functional changes…
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New research concludes that medically disqualified patients may wrongly assume themselves fit to drive on discharge from hospital because of inadequate knowledge among doctors of DVLA guidelines relating to commonly occurring medical conditions.
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Researchers have identified a common genetic variant strongly associated with chromosome gains and losses during the early stages of human embryonic development. These errors in cell division, which are almost always fatal to the embryo, are thought to be a major cause of early pregnancy loss in…
http://dlvr.it/CPFMBq

One in three of all the young men in China will eventually be killed by tobacco, unless a substantial proportion stop smoking, according to new research. The researchers conducted two large, nationally representative studies 15 years apart, tracking the health consequences of smoking in a large…
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Newly discovered blood markers may lead to improved and earlier diagnoses of kidney disease, according to a study. The findings could help clinicians monitor patients' kidney health.
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Groups of people at risk of having high blood pressure and other related health issues by age 38 can be identified in childhood, new research suggests. The findings are the latest to emerge from the internationally renowned Dunedin Study, which has tracked more than a 1000 people born in Dunedin in…
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A mammalian photoreceptive protein melanopsin spontaneously releases the chromophore retinal, say researchers. The property would be important to regulate non-visual photoreception in mammals.
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Where do terms like H1N1 and H7N9 come from?
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What has previously been known as good cholesterol -- high density lipoprotein -- has now been shown to be not so good in protecting women against atherosclerosis while they are transitioning through menopause, research shows.
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New discoveries at the cellular and molecular levels have been made about how the eye processes light. The findings improve the scientific understanding of the signaling cascade necessary for phototransduction -- the process by which light is converted into electrical signals in the photoreceptor…
http://dlvr.it/CNvg9d

Upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them, new research suggests. Most usually learn by watching a non-amputee demonstrate the device during physical therapy and rehabilitation sessions. A study that…
http://dlvr.it/CNvG74

Cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol use cause epigenetic changes to DNA that reflect accelerated biological aging in distinct, measurable ways, according to research. The researchers estimated biological age using a previously validated epigenetic "clock" , calculated the difference between…
http://dlvr.it/CNvCT0

Use of an iPad app that fosters parent-child interactions around math markedly increases children's math achievement across the school year, especially for children with parents who are habitually anxious about math.
http://dlvr.it/CNttXC

More than 99% of the time, two words are enough for people with normal hearing to distinguish the voice of a close friend or relative amongst other voices. His study involved playing recordings to Canadian French speakers, who were asked to recognize on multiple trials which of the ten male voices…
http://dlvr.it/CNrbNq

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